Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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lemmata

Dictionary headwords relevant to the editions

This material is incomplete and is for reference only: it has not been checked and quality-controlled and should not be cited. References are to the new edition and may not correspond to the text of Skj.

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2. þurfa (verb)

‘need, be necessary’

sourcefreq.total
ONP (prose citations):422721428
SkP: 52127911
Malfong.is (prose):8881392394

forms: þarf, þurfu, þurfa, þurfandi, þarfk, þyrftak, þurfut, þörf, Þarf sg 3rd pres, Þarftu sg 2nd pres, Þurfa infinitive, Þurfið, Þurfti sg 3rd pret, Þurftu, Þurfum, þurfi pres, þurfir sg 2nd pres, þurfið pl 2nd pres, þurft , þurftu pl 3rd pret, þurftum, þyrfti sg pret, þyrftu pl 3rd pret, þyrftum pl 1st pret, þyrftir sg 2nd pres, þurfum, þurfti, þurfa, þarf, þarftu, þurfti, þarft, þur-fu, þurfu, þꝩrpti, þꝩrpta, þvrfo

ungrouped:
Anon Hsv 2VII l. 6: þarf ‘needs’
Anon Hsv 3VII l. 1: Þarf ‘humble’
Anon Hsv 24VII l. 2 [variant]: þarftu ‘’
Anon Hsv 30VII l. 5: þarftu ‘need’
Anon Hsv 32VII l. 2: þarf ‘needed’
Anon Hsv 33VII l. 3: þarftu ‘need’
Anon Hsv 42VII l. 3: þarftu ‘You need’
Anon Hsv 46VII l. 6: þarf ‘need’
Anon Hsv 46VII l. 3 [variant]: þarft ‘’
Anon Hsv 81VII l. 2: þarf ‘has to’
Anon Hsv 82VII l. 5: þarft ‘need’
Anon Hsv 84VII l. 2: þarf ‘need’
Anon Hsv 90VII l. 3: þarftu ‘you need’
Anon Hsv 119VII l. 2: þarf ‘necessary’
Anon Hsv 123VII l. 5: þurfu ‘need’
Anon Hsv 137VII l. 2: þarf ‘necessary’
Anon Hsv 139VII l. 5: þarf ‘needs’
Kálf Kátr 8VII l. 1: þarftu ‘You need’
Kálf Kátr 31VII l. 5: þarftu ‘You need’
Anon Leið 44VII l. 2: þarf ‘is needed’
Anon Mdr 22VII l. 5: þurfa ‘need’
Anon Mdr 29VII l. 3: þarf ‘need’
Anon Mhkv 9III l. 8: þarf ‘do I need’
Anon Mhkv 16III l. 1: þarf ‘needs’
Anon Mhkv 24III l. 6: þarf ‘one need’
Anon Mv I 28VII l. 4: þurfa ‘need it’
Anon Pl 28VII l. 3: þarf ‘need’
Anon Pl 28VII l. 4: þurftum ‘than is necessary’
Anon Pl 33VII l. 2: þurfti ‘had’
Anon Sól 28VII l. 1 [variant]: þarftu ‘’
Anon Vitn 24VII l. 8: þurfa ‘need’
Anon Mlag 2II l. 7: þyrftak ‘I would need’
Bjbp Jóms 5I l. 3: þarf ‘need’
ESk Ingdr 2II l. 1: þarf ‘needs to’
Anon Lil 79VII l. 7: þurfa ‘that I need’
Anon Lil 100VII l. 3: þurfandi ‘dependent’
Gísl Magnkv 20II l. 8: þurfti ‘one needed’
Kolgr Ól 1II l. 1: þarfk ‘I need’
Ormr Woman 1III l. 1: þurfut ‘need not’
Ótt Hfl 2I l. 1: þarfk ‘I need to enjoy’
Sturl Hákkv 1II l. 6: þurfti ‘was forced’
Anon (FoGT) 16III l. 2: þörf ‘desire’
Anon (Mberf) 2II l. 3: þarft ‘will’
Anon Brúðv 30VII l. 8: þarf ‘need’
FriðÞ Lv 13VIII (Frið 15) l. 6: þurfum ‘need’
FriðÞ Lv 17VIII (Frið 19) l. 1: Þurfum ‘need’
FriðÞ Lv 20VIII (Frið 26) l. 3: þarf ‘need’
Hallvarðr Frag 3VIII (Frið 22) l. 6: þurfa ‘need’
Vargeisa Lv 1VIII (HjǪ 4) l. 5: þurfa ‘have need’
ǪlvH Lv 1VIII (HjǪ 17) l. 2: þarftu ‘do you need’
Keth Lv 22VIII (Ket 39) l. 1: þarftu ‘You do’
ǪgmEyb Lv 1VIII (Ǫrv 31) l. 7: þarf ‘need’
ÍvRagn Lv 1VIII (Ragn 22) l. 3: þurfa ‘needed’
Svart Skauf 34VIII l. 5: Þurfti ‘needed’

compounds:
Anon Hsv 3VII, l. 1: Þarflátr ‘humble’

indexed kennings:

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