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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

I. 3. Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar (Óldr) - 28

not in Skj

2.1: Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar (‘Drápa about Óláfr Tryggvason’) — Anon ÓldrI

Kate Heslop 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1031.

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Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XII]: [1]. Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar, ‘er Halfredr orti vandræda skalld’, et digt fra det 12. årh. (AI, 573-8, BI, 567-74)

SkP info: I, 1046

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

14 — Anon Óldr 14I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 14’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1046.

Eigum (langa lœgis)
liðrœkjanda frœknum
(hyrstríðir braut heiðni)
hjalmraunar þat launa.
Hrings hefr þarfastr þengill
þrymdraugum bauga
— herr nýtr hodda þverris —
hingat norðr of orðit.


{The opponent {of the fire of the sea}} [(lit. ‘fire-opponent of the sea’) GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] destroyed longstanding heathendom; we have to repay {the valiant carer {of the snake {of helmet-trial}}} [(lit. ‘snake-carer of helmet-trial’) BATTLE > SWORD > WARRIOR] for that. He has become the most useful lord {for logs {of the din {of the disk of shield-rings}}} [(lit. ‘din-logs of the disk of shield-rings’) SHIELD > BATTLE > WARRIORS] up here in the north; the people benefit from {the diminisher of hoards}. [GENEROUS MAN]

notes: [5, 6] hrings bauga ‘of the disk of shield-rings [SHIELD]’: The context seems to require a kenning referring to a weapon, which then forms a battle-kenning with þrym ‘din’. Both baugr m. and hringr m. mean ‘ring’, as well as having various specific applications. Hringr is here taken as the base-word of a shield-kenning, alluding to the circular shape of the shield (‘disk’), and bauga is taken as the determinant, referring to decoration on the shield (‘shield-rings’); see Meissner 167, and LP: baugr 3, though LP: 2. hringr takes a different line. The main alternative involves taking baugr as base-word in a shield kenning, but the difficulty of this is pointed out in Meissner 171

editions: Skj [Anonyme digte og vers XII]: [1]. Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 14 (AI, 576; BI, 571); Skald I, 276, NN §§2453, 2722; Munch and Unger 1847, 122, 141, Gullberg 1875, 15, 31-2.


Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 112vb, 28 - 112vb, 31 (Rst)  transcr.  image  image  
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