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Runic Dictionary

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

I. 3. Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar (Óldr) - 28

2.1: Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar (‘Drápa about Óláfr Tryggvason’) — Anon ÓldrI

Kate Heslop 2012, ‘ Anonymous, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1031. <> (accessed 5 December 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28 

Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XII]: [1]. Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar, ‘er Halfredr orti vandræda skalld’, et digt fra det 12. årh. (AI, 573-8, BI, 567-74)

SkP info: I, 1042

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

10 — Anon Óldr 10I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 10’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1042.

Harðrôðum gekk heiðis
hjaldrmagnaði skjaldar
skatna ætt á skreytta
skotjǫrð loga fjarðar.
Lýð gat lofðungr ráða
— landherr frá sið vǫndum
þá hvarf allr —, ok illum,
ólítt, goðum nítti.

Ætt skatna gekk á {skotjǫrð heiðis}, skreytta {loga fjarðar}, harðrôðum {{skjaldar hjaldr}magnaði}. Lofðungr gat ráða lýð ólítt; allr landherr hvarf þá frá vǫndum sið, ok nítti illum goðum.

The kindred of men put themselves in {the swaying earth of the hawk} [HAND], adorned {with the fire of the fjord} [GOLD], of the hard-ruling {increaser {of the uproar of the shield}} [(lit. ‘uproar-increaser of the shield’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]. The king could rule people to no small degree; all the land’s people turned then from a wicked faith, and rejected bad gods.

Mss: Bb(112vb)

Readings: [3] skreytta: skreyta Bb    [7] hvarf: ‘hvraf’ Bb    [8] nítti: om. Bb

Editions: Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XII], [1]. Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 10: AI, 575, BI, 569-70, Skald I, 276, NN §2115; Munch and Unger 1847, 121, 141, Gullberg 1875, 14, 28-9.

Notes: [1, 3, 4] gekk á skotjǫrð heiðis ‘put themselves in the swaying earth of the hawk [HAND]’: An elaboration of the common expression ganga á hǫnd e-m, lit. ‘to go into sby’s hand’, hence ‘to submit to sby’ or (here) ‘to put oneself in sby’s hands’. — [3] skreytta ‘adorned’: This straightforward emendation improves the skothending (ætt : -eytt-) and allows this word to be taken as a participial adj. qualifying jǫrð ‘earth’ rather than a verb ‘to adorn’, which would be difficult to fit into the syntax. Cf. Note to st. 5/3 ár* on single/double consonant spellings in Bb. — [4] skotjǫrð ‘the swaying earth’: LP: skotjǫrð interprets this as skydende, udsendende jord ‘shooting, propelling earth’ and suggests it refers to the hawker’s hand propelling the bird into the air, but Kock (NN §2115) compares the hand-kenning bifvangr ýs ‘trembling field of the bow’, KormǪ Sigdr 7/3III. He suggests skot- means ‘swaying’ (cf. adj. skoteygr ‘wandering-eyed’) and like bif- merely ‘corrects’ the metaphor of ‘earth, land’ with a reference to the animate character of the human body. — [7] hvarf ‘turned’: The Bb reading is evidently a scribal error, with the abbreviation for <ra> where <ar> was needed. On the placing of the verb, see Introduction. — [8] nítti ‘rejected’: The final word of this line is omitted in Bb. Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s suggestion (1832, 11) of nítti (3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) ‘denied, rejected’ fits grammar, sense and metre, and has been adopted by all subsequent eds. 

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