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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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(subheadings only)

 
1. Snorra Edda (SnE)

Manuscripts[1]

R:        Codex Regius, GKS 2367 4° (c. 1300). A copy of a late C13th ms.

:       Codex Trajectinus, Traj 1374ˣ (c. 1595). A copy of a ms. from the second half of the C13th related to R.

W:       Codex Wormianus, AM 242 fol (c. 1350). W has a lacuna at fols 121-38 that was filled in from by Sveinn Jónsson in the C17th.

U:        Codex Upsaliensis, DG 11 (c. 1300-25). Also contains a text of Skáldatal.

A:        AM 748 I b 4° (c. 1300-25). Twenty-two leaves.

B:        AM 757 a 4° (c. 1400). Fourteen leaves. The ms. is now very difficult to read because of its poor condition and hence is supplemented by:

744ˣ:    AM 744 4° (early C18th, by Jón Ólafsson). A copy of B made when it was more legible than it is now. Used selectively in this volume to confirm or supplement B readings.

C:        AM 748 II 4° (c. 1400). Thirteen leaves.

Facsimiles and editions: R 1940, Tˣ 1985, W 1931, U 1962-77, A 1945, C 1945; SnE 1848-87, I-III, SnE 1931, SnE 1998, I-II [Skáldskaparmál], SnE 2005 [Prologue & Gylfaginning], SnE 2007 [Háttatal].

It is very difficult to establish a stemma for the mss of SnE (see SnE 2005, xxviii-xxxi), and the order of mss given above reflects the order of mss in the SkP editions.

Poetry

As a treatise on poetry and mythology containing over seven hundred skaldic citations, SnE is of unique importance in the history of skaldic poetry. The majority of this poetry, most of it cited as single helmingar, is edited in SkP III (Poetry from Treatises on Poetics), but where stanzas clearly belong to panegyric poems preserved mainly in the kings’ sagas they are edited in SkP I or II. Apart from Þhorn Harkv 11 in Gylfaginning (Gylf), all of the poetry from SnE edited in SkP I is contained in Skáldskaparmál (Skm), and most of it is also recorded in the kings’ sagas. The following are found in SnE only: Þhorn Harkv 12, Jór Send 1, Eyv Hál 1, 3, 6, 13, Glúmr Gráf 1, 5, 13, Eskál Vell 1-4, 33-4, 36, Edáð Banddr 9, ÞKolb Eirdr 17, Sigv ErfÓl 28, Ótt Hfl 2, 5, Þloft Tøgdr 8. The following are found only in SnE and LaufE (LaufE; see below). Further, Bjbp Jóms 1-40 is preserved in the SnE ms. R, but not in association with the SnE text. The R text is damaged in places, and there it is supplemented by AM 65 folˣ (65ˣ) and printed texts: see Introduction to Jóms. For poetry preserved in SnE and edited in SkP II, see SkP II, lxxvii.

For a full discussion of SnE, see Introduction to SkP III.

 
2. Laufás-Edda (LaufE)

Stemma (adapted from LaufE 1979, 51)

Manuscripts: X branch

758ˣ:    AM 758 4°ˣ (c. 1609, Magnús Ólafsson’s autograph copy). Not used in SkP I.

papp10ˣ: Holm papp 10 4°ˣ (c. 1650-1700).

1494ˣ:   Thott 1494 4°ˣ (c. 1650-1700). Not used in SkP I.

164ˣ:    AM 164 8°ˣ (c. 1650-1700). Not used in SkP I.

Manuscripts: Y branch

2368ˣ:   GKS 2368 4°ˣ (c. 1650).

743ˣ:    AM 743 4°ˣ (written by Ketill Jörundsson (1603-70)).

21 6 7 IIˣ: Adv 21 6 7 IIˣ (1750-3, written by Jón Egilsson á Stóra Vatnshorni í Haukadal). An interpolated ms. (see LaufE 1979, 129-31).

Edition: LaufE 1979.

LaufE is a seventeenth-century adaptation of SnE by Magnús Ólafsson of Laufás based on the W ms. of SnE, but probably including material from now lost parts of this ms.; he also used other sources including more than one other lost ms. of SnE (Faulkes, LaufE 1979, 159-77). Both the X branch and the more extensive Y branch mss ultimately derive from Magnús Ólafsson, with the Y version most likely representing an earlier draft (ibid., 53).

Poetry

LaufE contains medieval poetry not recorded in other sources (see SkP III), together with a wealth of material from poems otherwise preserved in the kings’ sagas. Of this the majority comes from the period after 1035 and hence is edited in SkP II (see p. lxxviii), but eighteen verse fragments come from the early period and are edited in this volume. Most are not of independent value, being copied from extant parts of W, but Þjóð Yt 18, Eskál Vell 35, Eskál Lv 3 and Ólhelg Lv 2 are of textual value; see also Note to Eskál Vell 7/5-6.

 
3. The First, Third and Fourth Grammatical Treatises (FGT, TGT, FoGT)

Manuscripts

A:        AM 748 I b 4° (c. 1300-25). Also contains SnE. TGT: fols 1r-8v.

W:       Codex Wormianus, AM 242 fol (c. 1350). Also contains SnE. FGT: fols 84-90; TGT: fols 94-111; FoGT: fols 111-19.

B:        AM 757 a 4° (c. 1400). Also contains SnE. TGT: fols 1r-3r.

744ˣ:    AM 744 4° (early C18th, by Jón Ólafsson). A copy of B made when was more legible than it is now. Used selectively to confirm or supplement B readings.

158 8oˣ: AM 158 8°ˣ (early C18th, by Jón Ólafsson). Also contains SnE. Materials from a grammatical treatise related to TGT.

Facsimiles and editions: W 1931, A 1945; SnE 1848-87, II, 2-249, 397-428, 501-11, FGT 1972a, FGT 1972b, TGT 1884, TGT 1927, TGT 1998, FoGT 1884, FoGT 2004.

Poetry

FGT contains Ótt Hfl 8, as one of its two skaldic citations, and FoGT (whose sixty-two citations are mainly of anonymous illustrative poetry unique to this text) cites Þjsk Hák 2 and Þskúm Lv; all three stanzas are also recorded elsewhere. TGT contains 123 verse citations, normally of four or two lines, but occasionally of eight or one lines, and of these twelve are edited in this volume, including Sigv ErfÓl 26 which is unique to TGT. The fragment sometimes referred to as the Fifth Grammatical Treatise contains later Icelandic poetry, but none edited in this volume; the Second Grammatical Treatise contains no poetry. For poetry from the Grammatical Treatises in SkP II, see SkP II, lxxviii.

 
4. Árni Magnússon’s anthology, AM 761 a-b 4°ˣ

Manuscript

761aˣ, 761bˣ:      AM 761 a-b 4°ˣ (c. 1687-89, mostly by Árni Magnússon).

Despite its less than complete preservation, this is a very large anthology of skaldic poetry, totalling 662 leaves transcribed mainly by Árni Magnússon c. 1687-89, with parts also by Ásgeir Jónsson and another unidentified scribe.

The greatest number of stanzas is from the texts of ÓT and ÓH in 61 and from the kings’ sagas covering the period 1035-1177 in ms. H of H-Hr, but also used are Flat, FskAˣ, Mork, , and more occasionally F and Tóm, as well as a codex known as Membrana regia deperdita (Loth 1960a), mss of sagas of Icelanders and Orkn; there is also material from SnE and the Grammatical Treatises. Árni Magnússon does not indicate his sources, but these are provisionally listed by Kjartan G. Ottósson (2006, 751-5), though he emphasises that they are based on a comparison with the variants in Skj A, which does not necessarily cover all the potential sources; that some exemplars are now lost; and that Árni may have used multiple exemplars (as Ásgeir is known to have done; Loth 1960a, xv) or have improved texts, for instance for metrical reasons (Kjartan G. Ottósson 2006, 755). Similar cautions apply to the marginal variants given alongside many of the verse texts. For editing purposes, therefore, the chief value of the anthology is more as a very early edition of skaldic poetry than as a ms. witness, but it is occasionally useful where its main text or marginal variants are drawn from mss that are no longer extant, or are extant but damaged or difficult to read.

In addition, 761aˣ contains one of the two extant texts of Skáldatal, copied by Árni Magnússon from Kringla. The U ms. of SnE has the other one; they are printed in SnE 1848-87, III, 205-286 (introduction, 761aˣ text, U text, and combined text); see also LH 1894-1901, II, 789; Guðrún Nordal (1997, 205-12).

Poetry

The anthology contains a large number of stanzas and poems covering the years to 1035 and edited in this volume. Although, as noted above, few of these have independent value, being copied from extant mss, there are cases of textually valuable copies, such as that of Þjóð Yt from the lost K (Jørgensen 2000, 232). On the use of 761bˣ in SkP II, see SkP II, lxxix.

 
5. Other sagas and þættir

Some of the poetry in this volume is preserved in þættir and sagas within compendia covered in the notes above. Thus for the skaldic poetry contained in the following, see Flat above: Fær; Styrmir Kárason, Lífssaga Óláfs helga; and the þættir EindrErl, HarHárf, SSlef and Styrb. For Helg, Stefn and ÞorvT, see ÓT above. For RagnSon, see Hb above, and SkP VIII.

The remaining sources, listed below, are either þættir for which mss additional to Flat or Hb have been used, or sagas belonging to genres other than the kings’ sagas.

Egils saga (Eg)

Manuscripts

M:       Möðruvallabók, AM 132 fol. (Icelandic, c. 1330-70)

453ˣ:    AM 453 4°ˣ (c. 1600-1700)

462ˣ:    AM 462 4°ˣ (c. 1620-70)

Poetry

Contains ESkál Lv 1a, 2a in this volume; see also SkP V.

Fóstbræðra saga (Fbr)

Manuscripts

Hb:      Hauksbók, AM 544 4° (544) (Icelandic, c. 1290-1350). See separate entry.

141ˣ:    AM 141 folˣ (c. 1700)

142ˣ:    AM 142 folˣ (c. 1700)

566aˣ:   AM 566 a 4°ˣ (c. 1700)

papp4ˣ: Holm papp 4 4°ˣ (c. 1600-50)

Poetry

Contains Þorm Lv 15/5-8, 16, 18, 19/1-4, 20-5 in this volume; see also SkP V.

Hallfreðar saga (Hallfr)

Manuscripts

M:       Möðruvallabók, AM 132 fol. (Icelandic, c. 1330-70)

Flat:      Flateyjarbók, GKS 1005 fol (Icelandic, mainly c. 1387-95). See separate entry.

Poetry

Contains only Hfr ErfÓl 28 in this volume; see also SkP V.

Landnámabók (Ldn)

Manuscripts

Þb106ˣ: Þórðarbók, AM 106 folˣ (c. 1600-1700)

Þb112ˣ: Þórðarbók, AM 112 folˣ (c. 1600-1700)

Poetry

Contains only Eyv Lv 2 in this volume; see also SkP IV.

Óláfs þáttr Geirstaðaálfs (ÓGeir)

Manuscripts

Flat:      Flateyjarbók, GKS 1005 fol (Icelandic, mainly c. 1387-95). See separate entry

75e 5:   AM 75 e 5 fol (c. 1400-1500)

49ˣ:      AM 49 folˣ (c. 1600-1700)

65ˣ:      AM 65 folˣ (c. 1600-1700)

Poetry

Contains only Þjóð Yt 26/5-16 (not 75e 5).

Ragnars saga loðbrókar (Ragn)

Manuscripts

Hb:      Hauksbók, AM 544 4° (544) (Icelandic, c. 1290-1350). See separate entry.

147:     Heynessbók, AM 147 4° (c. 1400-1500)

Poetry

Contains only Sigv Knútdr 1 in this volume; see also SkP VIII.

Skálda saga Haralds konungs hárfagra (Skáld)

Manuscripts

Hb:      Hauksbók, AM 544 4° (544) (Icelandic, c. 1290-1350). See separate entry.

67aˣ:     AM 67a folˣ (c. 1650-1700)

67bˣ:    AM 67b folˣ (c. 1650-1700)

307ˣ:    AM 307 4°ˣ (c. 1700)

On the use of 67aˣ, 67bˣ and 307ˣ, paper copies of Hb, see Introduction to

Auðunn Lv 2.

Poetry

Contains Þhorn Lv, Auðunn Lv 2, Ǫlvir Lv.

Vǫlsa þáttr (Vǫlsa)

Manuscripts

Flat:      Flateyjarbók, GKS 1005 fol (Icelandic, mainly c. 1387-95). See separate entry.

292ˣ:    AM 292 4°ˣ (c. 1675-1700)

Poetry

Contains Anon (Vǫlsa) 1-13, Þorm Lv 17 = Anon (Vǫlsa) 11.

Þiðreks saga (Þiðr)

Manuscripts

178ˣ:    AM 178 folˣ (c. 1600-1700).

177ˣ:    AM 177 folˣ (1690-1).

100ˣ:    Holm papp 100 folˣ (1650-1700)

Poetry

Contains only Hfr ErfÓl 28.

Þorleifs þáttr jarlaskálds (ÞorlJ)

Manuscripts

Flat:      Flateyjarbók, GKS 1005 fol (Icelandic, mainly c. 1387-95). See separate entry.

4867ˣ:   BLAdd 4867ˣ

563aˣ:   AM 563 a 4°ˣ (c. 1650-1700)

Recent research (Wiktorsson 1987; Österholm in ÞorlJ 1987; Österholm 1991) suggests that some of the post-medieval mss of ÞorlJ may represent a more original state of the text than Flat, which has a revised text. Two of these, mss 4867ˣ and 563aˣ, are therefore used in SkP I as representatives of the two main sub-groups of this unrevised branch of the stemma (see Wiktorsson 1987, 69; Österholm 1991, 90). Other post-medieval mss containing the ÞorlJ stanzas but not included in the present edition are: AM 552g 4toˣ (included in the variants in Skj but argued by Wiktorsson and Österholm to be a transcript of Flat), NKS 1814 folˣ, NKS 1712 4toˣ, and Lbs 1442 4toˣ.

Poetry

Contains Þjsk Sveindr, Þjsk Jarl, Þjsk Lv 5-6, Svtjúg Lv, Hhal Lv.

Þormóðar þáttr Kolbrúnarskálds (Þorm)

Manuscripts

Flat:      Flateyjarbók, GKS 1005 fol (Icelandic, mainly c. 1387-95). See separate entry.

Tóm:    Tómasskinna, GKS 1008 fol (Icelandic; c. 1450-1500)

Poetry

Contains Þorm Lv 10, 11, 15, 16

Þormóðar þáttr Kolbrúnarskálds in 142ˣ and 56 (ÞormR)

Manuscripts

142ˣ:    AM 142 folˣ (c. 1700)

566aˣ:   AM 566 a 4°x (c. 1700)

Poetry

Contains Þorm Lv 16

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated