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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gestumblindi (Gestumbl)

volume 8; ed. Margaret Clunies Ross;

Heiðreks gátur (Heiðr) - 37

not in Skj

Heiðreks gátur (‘Riddles of Heiðrekr’) — Gestumbl HeiðrVIII (Heiðr)

Not published: do not cite (Gestumbl HeiðrVIII (Heiðr))

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Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII]: D. 5. Heiðreks gátur, Gestumblindes gåder (AII, 221-8, BII, 240-7); stanzas (if different): 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38

SkP info: VIII, 432

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

20 — Gestumbl Heiðr 20VIII (Heiðr 67)

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Hannah Burrows (ed.) 2017, ‘Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks 67 (Gestumblindi, Heiðreks gátur 20)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 432.

Hverjar eru þær leikur,         er líða lönd yfir
        at forvitni föður?
Hvítan skjöld
        þær um vetr bera,
        en svartan um sumar.
Heiðrekr konungr,         hyggðu at gátu.

Hverjar eru þær leikur, er líða yfir lönd at forvitni föður? Þær bera hvítan skjöld um vetr, en svartan um sumar. Heiðrekr konungr, hyggðu at gátu.

Who are those playmates, who move over lands to the curiosity of their father? They bear a white shield in winter, but a black one in summer. King Heiðrekr, think about the riddle.

Mss: 2845(71v) (ll. 1-2, 4-6), 281ˣ(100r), 597bˣ(50r-v), R715ˣ(27v) (ll. 1-2, 4-8) (Heiðr)

Readings: [2] líða: fara R715ˣ    [5] um: á 281ˣ, 597bˣ;    vetr: vetrum 281ˣ, 597bˣ, haust R715ˣ;    bera: við síðu bera 281ˣ    [7-8] abbrev. as ‘heidr: k·’ 281ˣ, abbrev. as ‘h. k:’ corrected from ‘h.’ in the margin in another hand 597bˣ, abbrev. as ‘H: k: h: at g:’ R715ˣ

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], D. 5. Heiðreks gátur 18: AII, 224-5, BII, 243, Skald II, 126, NN §115; Heiðr 1672, 145, FSN 1, 477, Heiðr 1873, 250, 339-40, Heiðr 1924, 71-4, 133, FSGJ 2, 45, Heiðr 1960, 40; Edd. Min. 113-14.

Notes: [All]: Heiðrekr’s response is (Heiðr 1960, 40): Þat eru rjúpur; þær eru hvítar um vetr, en svartar um sumar ‘Those are ptarmigans; they are white during winter, but black during summer’. The ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) is seasonally camouflaged, with white plumage (except for a black tail) in winter and brown in summer. — [1-3]: This question, with slight variation in each case, is asked in each of the next three riddles. — [1-2]: Cf. Vafþr 48/4-5 (NK 54) hveriar ro þær meyiar, | er líða mar yfir ‘who are those maids, who move over the sea’. The referent here is obscure, but apparently refers to benevolent spirits, three in number (Vafþr 49/4, 1), whom Boer (1922, II, 58) suggested as counterparts of the three malevolent þursa meyiar ‘giants’ girls’ of Vsp 8/6 (NK 2), who herald the onset of Ragnarǫk. See Heiðr 69, Note to l. 1 and Heiðr 70, Note to [All]. — [1] leikur ‘playmates’: Leika f. can overlap in meaning with the n. form, usually ‘plaything’ (LP: 2. leika, Fritzner: leika n.; cf. leika ‘play’); for the f. form, which occurs here, Fritzner: leika, f. 1 suggests the additional meaning pige ‘girl’, which corresponds with other riddles with this opening formula. — [2]: Hyndl 42/3 (NK 295) states that at Ragnarǫk the ocean liðr lǫnd yfir ‘will pass over lands’. — [3]: See Note to Heiðr 68/3. Who the faðir ‘father’ is in the present context is unclear; the expression may be formulaic; for discussion see Burrows (2013, 206-8). — [4-5]: These lines lack alliteration. Ms. R715ˣ’s haust ‘autumn’ restores it, but makes a less good contrast with sumar ‘summer’ in line 6. Bugge (Heiðr 1873, 250 n. 5) notes that AM 738 fol, an R-redaction ms. with no independent value, reads hávetr ‘high winter’; this is adopted in Skj B and Skald.

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