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(subheadings only)

 
1. Mythological and Legendary Names

Including early rulers named in Þjóð Yt and Eyv Hál.

Aðalgrímr (‘Chief Grímr’), supposedly Óláfr Haraldsson incognito — Anon (Vǫlsa) 11/7

Aðils, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 16/2

Agni, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 9/2

Alfr see Álfr

Álfr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 11/2

Áli, a legendary king — Þjóð Yt 16/15

Áli, a son of Óðinn, a sea-king, a legendary king — Eyv Lv 5/5, Eskál Vell 8/1, Gizsv Lv 1/7, Þorm Lv 19/1

Alrekr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 10/1

Ása, a legendary queen, wife of Guðrøðr — Þjóð Yt 25/11

Atall, a sea-king — Glúmr Gráf 13/4

Áti, a sea-king — Hfr ErfÓl 14/5, Bersi Ólfl 3/3

Aun, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 13/4

Aunn see Aun

Baldr, a god, son of Óðinn — Gsind Hákdr 7/3, Tindr Hákdr 10/8, Eindr Lv 1/7, HSt Rst 1/7, 7/3, 25/5, Anon Eirm 3/5, Anon Óldr 3/3, Anon Ól 5/2, Anon (Styrb) 1/6

Beimi, a sea-king — Glúmr Gráf 13/2

Beli, a giant — Eyv Hál 3/3

Bera, a legendary queen, wife of Álfr — Þjóð Yt 11/10

Bestla, a giantess, mother of Óðinn — Eskál Vell 37/2

Bil, a goddess — Anon (Vǫlsa) 1/6

Boðn, a mythical vat holding the mead of poetry — Eskál Vell 2/1

Bragi, a god — Anon Eirm 4/2, Eyv Hák 14/1, 16/6

Býleistr, a brother of Loki — Þjóð Yt 23/3

Dagr, a legendary king — Þorm Lv 24/8

Dagr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 8/1, 10/7

Dáinn, a dwarf — Sigv Lv 27/2

Dómaldi, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 5/8

Dómarr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 6/5

Draupnir, a mythical ring — Þorm Lv 24/7 (alternate version)

Dúrnir, a dwarf — Þjóð Yt 2/2

Dusli, an ancestor of Sveigðir — Þjóð Yt 2/7

Dvalinn, a dwarf — Hhárf Snædr 1/5

Dyggvi, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 7/2

Egill, a legendary archer — Eyv Lv 14/8

Egill, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 14/8

Einriði, a name for the god Þórr — Eskál Vell 14/2

Eirekr see Eiríkr

Eiríkr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 10/2

Ekkill, a sea-king — Sigv Austv 10/7, HSt Rst 16/7

Endill, a sea-king — Eskál Lv 2a/8, Anon Óldr 23/1

Eysteinn, a legendary Norwegian king — Þjóð Yt 23/1

Eysteinn, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 17/1

Fáfnir, a dragon — Hókr Eirfl 3/8 (= the ship Ormr inn langi), Þorm Lv 10/2

Fasti, a jarl of the Danish king Fróði — Þjóð Yt 15/10

Fenja, a giantess — Þorm Lv 24/6

Fenrir, Fenrisúlfr, a wolf, son of Loki — Eyv Hák 20/3 (Fenrisulfr), Eyv Lv 6/1 (see also Úlfr)

Fenrisulfr see Fenrir

Fjǫlnir, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 1/4, 6/11

Fjǫlnir, a name for Óðinn — Tindr Hákdr 1/3

Fornjótr, a giant — Þjóð Yt 21/7

Freki, a wolf belonging to Óðinn — ÞKolb Eirdr 17/2

Freyr, a god — Þjóð Yt 10/11, 16/7, Þhorn Harkv 6/4, Eyv Hál 7/7, Glúmr Gráf 3/6, Eskál Vell 12/5, 21/5, ÞKolb Eirdr 15/1, Eindr Lv 1/3, HSt Rst 6/3 (see also Yngvi-Freyr)

Frigg, a goddess, wife of Óðinn — Þhorn Harkv 12/3, Ǫlv Lv 1/2

Fróði, a name of several legendary Danish kings — Þjóð Yt 1/2, 15/14, Eyv Lv 8/5, Eskál Vell 17/2, 31/4, Anon Óldr 25/6

Fróði, a sea-king — Hár Lv 2/7

Fulla, a goddess — Eyv Lv 9/1

Gauti, a name for Óðinn — Ótt Hfl 1/5

Gautr, a name for Óðinn — Eyv Lv 6/7, Glúmr Gráf 2/8, Þjsk Lv 6/5, Anon Óldr 7/8

Gefjun, a goddess — Anon (Vǫlsa) 7/1

Gefn, a name for the goddess Freyja — Eyv Lv 4/4, Ólhelg Lv 8/5

Geir-Skǫgul see Skǫgul

Geitir, a sea-king — Þjóð Lv 2/3, Vígf Hák 1/3

Gerðr, a goddess (in kennings), originally a giantess — Eyv Lv 13/6, Tindr Hákdr 1/2, Stefnir Lv 2/7

Geri, a wolf belonging to Óðinn — Hókr Eirfl 7/6, ÞKolb Eirdr 17/3

Giljaðr, a name for Óðinn — Gsind Hákdr 1/7

Gillingr, a giant — Eyv Hál 1/3

Gjǫlp, a troll-woman — ÞKolb Eirdr 17/4

Glammi, a sea-king — Glúmr Gráf 11/3

Glitnir, a horse — Þjóð Yt 7/3

Gná, a goddess — Þjóð Yt 7/3, Ǫlv Lv 1/7, Bjbp Jóms 42/4

Gnóð, a legendary ship — Eskál Vell 5/4

Gn see Gná

Goðlaugr see Guðlaugr

Goðrøðr see Guðrøðr

Goti, a legendary horse — Hfr ErfÓl 17/6

Gríðr, a giantess — BjHall Kálffl 1/5

Grímhildr, a legendary heroine — Þjóð Yt 3/7

Grímr, supposedly Finnr Árnason incognito — Anon (Vǫlsa) 9/8

Grímr, supposedly Þormóðr Kolbrúnarskáld incognito — Anon (Vǫlsa) 10/7

Gripnir, a sea-king — Þhorn Gldr 1/5

Guðlaugr, a legendary Norwegian ruler — Þjóð Yt 12/7, Eyv Hál 4/1

Guðr see Gunnr

Guðrøðr inn gǫfugláti ‘the Splendid’, a legendary Norwegian king — Þjóð Yt 25/1 (see also under Nicknames)

Gunnr, Guðr, a valkyrie — Eskál Vell 33/3, Vígf Hák 1/6, Hókr Eirfl 8/5, Ólhelg Lv 4/7, 6/3, 7/3, Sigv Víkv 4/1, Sigv Lv 4/1, Þorf Lv 1/2, Bjbp Jóms 6/2

Gylfi, a sea-king — Þór Lv 1/5, Anon Óldr 23/6

Gymir, a sea-giant — Þjóð Yt 18/11, Tindr Hákdr 2/6

Gǫndul, a valkyrie — Eyv Hák 1/1, 10/1, Eskál Vell 6/3, Tindr Hákdr 5/3, 6/1, Sigv Nesv 7/2, Ótt Hfl 19/6, HSt Rst 11/4, 18/3, 25/3, Anon Óldr 11/4

Haddingjar, legendary warriors — Eyv Hál 9/4

Hagbarði, a legendary hero — Eskál Vell 26/8

Hagbarðr, a legendary Danish hero — Þjóð Yt 12/9

Halfdan(r), see Hálfdan

Hálfdan hvítbeinn ‘White-bone’, a legendary Norwegian king — Þjóð Yt 22/2

Hálfdan inn mildi ok inn matarilli ‘the Generous and the Food-stingy’, a legendary Norwegian king — Þjóð Yt 24/5

Hálfr, a legendary king — Þjóð Yt 6/7

Hallinskíði, a name for the god Heimdallr — Glúmr Gráf 14/2

Hamðir, a legendary hero — Hákg Lv 1/3, HSt Frag 1/5, ÞGísl Búdr 4/2, Bjbp Jóms 14/2

Hangi, a name for Óðinn — Tindr Hákdr 1/5, 7/3, ÞGísl Búdr 8/2, Anon Liðs 9/3

Harðráðr, a giant or man — Anon (ÓT) 2/6

Hárr, a name for Óðinn — Eyv Hál 6/2, Eskál Vell 10/8, 34/3

Heðinn Hjarrandason, a legendary king — Eskál Vell 6/6, 21/8, 22/6, 29/4, 32/6, Hfr ErfÓl 12/4, 24/4, Gizsv Lv 1/6

Heiti, a sea-king — Hfr ErfÓl 18/1

Hel, daughter of the god Loki; the realm of the dead and/or the goddess presiding over it — Sigv ErfÓl 1/7

Hermóðr, a god, son of Óðinn — Eyv Hák 14/1

Hildr, a valkyrie — Þhorn Lv 1/1, Edáð Banddr 3/7, Þorm Lv 21/3, Anon (Styrb) 1/1

Hlóðyn, a name for Jǫrð — Eskál Vell 26/3

Hlórriði, a name for the god Þórr — Eskál Vell 14/8

Hlǫkk, a valkyrie — Auðunn Lv 2/6, Eskál Vell 7/7, 15/2, Anon Liðs 9/2, Anon Ól 1/1

Hnikarr, a name for Óðinn — Anon Liðs 2/6

Hrafn, a legendary horse — Eskál Vell 9/1

Hrauðnir, a giant — Tindr Hákdr 5/5

Hrísgrísnir, a wolf — Eyv Hál 6/4

Hroptatýr, a name for Óðinn — Eyv Hák 14/2

Hroptr, a name for Óðinn — EValg Lv 1/3, Tindr Hákdr 9/1, ÞKolb Eirdr 8/2

Huginn, a raven belonging to Óðinn — ÞSjár Þórdr 4/4, Tindr Hákdr 4/2

Hveðrungr, a name for Loki — Þjóð Yt 24/3

Hymir, a giant — Þhorn Harkv 2/7

Halfr see Hálfr

Harr see Hárr

Hǫgni, a legendary hero — Þjóð Yt 19/11, Eyv Hál 7/2, Eskál Vell 34/3, Vígf Hák 1/3, Anon Liðs 10/1

Hǫlgabrúðr = Þorgerðr Hǫlgabrúðr, a giantess and patroness of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson — Bjbp Jóms 32/2

Hǫlgi, eponymous ruler of Hålogaland (ON Hálogaland), Norway — Þhorn Harkv 14/4

Hǫrn, a name for the goddess Freyja — Þhorn Lv 1/2

Ilmr, a goddess — Anon Liðs 10/4

Ingjaldr inn illráði ‘the Wicked’, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 20/1

Jalkr see Jálkr

Jálkr, a name for Óðinn — Sigv Erl 1/2

Jálkr, a sea-king — Eskál Vell 23/7

Jólnir, a collective term for gods — Eyv Hál 13/1

Jónakr, a legendary king, husband of Guðrún Gjúkadóttir — Þjóð Yt 19/2

Jǫlfuðr, a name for Óðinn — Gsind Hákdr 1/6, Þorm Lv 23/6

Jǫrð, a goddess, mother of the god Þórr — Hár Lv 2/5

Jǫrundr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 12/1

Kíarr, a legendary ruler — Edáð Banddr 2/4

Kvasir, a mythical being — Eskál Vell 1/2

Laufi, a legendary sword — Eskál Vell 10/7, Bjbp Jóms 18/7

Leifi, a sea-king — Hfr ErfÓl 9/1

Leikn, a troll-woman — Hfr Óldr 3/3

Lóðurr, a god — Eyv Hál 8/7

Logi, a brother of Skjálf — Þjóð Yt 9/7

Loki, a god — Þjóð Yt 7/11

Loptr, a name for Loki — Eskál Vell 11/2

Mardǫll, a name for the goddess Freyja — Ólhelg Lv 9/6

Maurnir, a phallic deity — Anon (Vǫlsa) 4/5, 5/5, 6/5, 7/5, 8/7, 9/6, 10/5, 11/5, 12/5

Meiti, a sea-king — Eskál Vell 22/1, Edáð Banddr 1/1

Mist, a valkyrie — Gsind Hákdr 1/4, Tindr Hákdr 7/6

Muninn, a raven belonging to Óðinn — ÞSjár Þórdr 3/6

Nanna, a goddess, wife of Baldr — Þklypp Lv 1/2, Sigv Austv 15/5

Narfi, a son of Loki — Þjóð Yt 7/6, Eskál Vell 23/5

Nauma, a giantess or goddess — Þjóð Yt 22/6, Ótt Lv 3/8

Njótr, a name for Óðinn — Tindr Hákdr 2/3

Njǫrðr, a god — Gsind Hákdr 6/5 (twice), Eyv Hál 10/2, Eyv Lv 2/1, Eskál Vell 17/3, 26/7, 29/2, ÞSjár Þórdr 4/3, Edáð Banddr 8/3, Sigv Víkv 14/5, Sigv Lv 3/3, HSt Rst 35/3

Njǫrðungar, gods, descendants of Njǫrðr — Sigv ErfÓl 15/3, Anon Óldr 23/3

Norðri, a dwarf — Hfr ErfÓl 26a/3

Nǫkkvi, a sea-king — Þhorn Harkv 9/5

Óðinn, a god — Eyv Hák 1/5, 8/6, 13/4, 15/5, Eyv Hál 2/12, Glúmr Gráf 8/2, Eskál Vell 31/4, Þjsk Hák 1/5, Sigv Austv 5/3, Anon Eirm 3/6, 4/6, Anon (Styrb) 1/7

Óðrœrir, a mythical vat holding the mead of poetry — Eskál Vell 3/3

Óláfr Geirstaðaálfr see under Personal Names

Óláfr trételgja ‘Wood-cutter’, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 21/3

Ónarr, a giant — Gsind Hákdr 5/3

Óttarr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 15/1

Rakni, a sea-king — Eyv Lv 2/5

Rán, a goddess — Þjsk Hák 1/4

Reginn, a dwarf — Hhárf Snædr 1/7, Hókr Eirfl 3/6

Rennandi, a mythical river — Anon Liðs 7/8

Róði, a sea-king — Tindr Hákdr 1/7, Sigv Nesv 2/3

Rǫgnir, a name for Óðinn — Eskál Vell 3/2, 7/5, 27/2

Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár see under Nicknames and Personal Names

Rn see Rán

Sága, a goddess — Glúmr Gráf 7/2, Eskál Vell 29/3

Sif, a goddess, wife of Þórr — Hókr Eirfl 5/7

Sigarr, a legendary king — Eyv Hál 4/5, Sigv ErfÓl 1/8

Sigmundr, a legendary hero — Anon Eirm 5/1

Signý, a legendary heroine, wife of Hagbarðr — Þjóð Yt 9/12

Sinfjǫtli, a legendary hero — Anon Eirm 5/1

Skaði, a giantess — Eyv Hál 2/8

Skilfingar, a Swedish royal dynasty — Þjóð Yt 14/14

Skjálf, a legendary queen, wife of Agni — Þjóð Yt 9/3

Skjǫlf see Skjálf

Skævaðr, a legendary horse — Hfr ErfÓl 5/6

Skǫgul, a valkyrie — Þhorn Gldr 5/4, Eyv Hák 1/1, 8/3, 12/2 (Geir-Skǫgul), 13/2, Þjsk Hák 2/3, Þorm Lv 24/2, HSt Rst 7/3, 20/6, 29/4

Sleipnir, Óðinn’s horse — Þjóð Yt 8/16, 12/6

Sóti, a horse — Hókr Eirfl 5/7, Anon Óldr 24/5

Spǫrr, a Swede — Þjóð Yt 8/8

Styrbjǫrn ‘Uproar-Bjǫrn’, son of Óláfr Bjarnarson — Anon (Styrb) 2/3, 3/4

Surtr, a giant — Eyv Hál 1/9, Hfr ErfÓl 15/7

Sváfnir, a name for Óðinn — Þhorn Harkv 11/3

Sveiði, a sea-king — ÞKolb Eirdr 1/5

Sveigðir, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 2/4, Gsind Hákdr 5/7

Svǫlnir, a name for Óðinn — Eyv Lv 12/1, HSt Rst 5/8, 16/3

Syn, a goddess — Anon Liðs 7/6

Sǫkmímir, a giant — Þjóð Yt 2/10

Sǫrli, a legendary hero — Eskál Vell 30/4, Tindr Hákdr 3/6

Sǫrvi, a sea-king — Eskál Vell 22/3

Tunni, a Swede — Þjóð Yt 14/4

Týr, a god — Þjóð Yt 14/3, Eyv Hák 6/2, Eyv Hál 10/7, Eskál Vell 29/7, Hfr Óldr 6/7, Hfr ErfÓl 24/2, ÞKolb Eirdr 9/3, Þorm Lv 16/2

Ulfr see Úlfr

Úlfr, the wolf Fenrir — Þjóð Yt 7/6 (see also Fenrir)

Ullr, a god — Eyv Lv 8/1, 9/3, Eskál Vell 4/1, 21/7, 22/5, ÞKolb Eirdr 12/7, HSt Rst 6/3, Bjbp Jóms 43/7, 45/1, Anon Liðs 2/1

Váfuðr, a name for Óðinn — Eyv Hák 5/3, Eskál Lv 1a/4

Valhǫll, Óðinn’s hall — Eyv Hák 1/6, 9/7, Anon Eirm 1/3

Váli, a god — Edáð Banddr 4/5

Valr, a horse — Gsind Hákdr 2/7, Hár Lv 2/8

Valþǫgn, a valkyrie — Gsind Hákdr 6/1

Ván, a mythical river — Anon Óldr 21/7

Vanlandi, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 3/4

Viðrir, a name for Óðinn — Tindr Hákdr 3/1, 10/3, Vígf Lv 1/3

Viðurr, a name for Óðinn — Eskál Vell 10/5, 27/6, Tindr Hákdr 1/6

Vili, a god, brother of Óðinn — Þjóð Yt 3/2

Virfill, a sea-king — Edáð Banddr 4/7

Vísburr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 4/1

Vfuðr see Váfuðr

Vǫlsi, a horse phallus and phallic deity — Anon (Vǫlsa) 4/1, 4/8, 5/8, 6/8, 7/8, 8/10, 9/9, 10/8, 11/8

Vn see Ván

Vǫttr, a jarl of the Danish king Fróði — Þjóð Yt 15/10

Yggr, a name for Óðinn — Hildr Lv 1/6, Eskál Vell 19/8, 36/4, Tindr Hákdr 8/2, Edáð Banddr 3/5, Sigv Víkv 6/4, Sigv Nesv 10/7, Ótt Hfl 8/2, Bjbp Jóms 1/6, 4/6, 26/1, 29/5, 37/1, 43/4, Anon Óldr 20/5

Yngvarr ljóshamr ‘Light-skinned’, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 18/2 (see also under Nicknames)

Yngvi, an ancestor of the Svíar — Þjóð Yt 7/10

Yngvi, a god — Eyv Hák 1/4

Yngvi, a legendary ruler in the line of the Háleygir — Eyv Hál 4/6

Yngvi, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 11/8

Yngvi-Freyr — Eyv Hál 11/3 (see also Freyr)

Þorgarðr, a golem — Þjsk Lv 6/2

Þorinn, a dwarf — ÞKolb Eirdr 14/5

Þriði, a name for Óðinn — Eskál Vell 28/2, Tindr Hákdr 8/2, Hókr Eirfl 7/3

Þrór, an unidentified god, probably Óðinn — Þjóð Yt 26/3

Þróttr, a name for Óðinn — Þhorn Gldr 2/2, Eskál Vell 11/6, 28/6, Sigv ErfÓl 17/6, Ótt Hfl 16/5, HSt Rst 1/7, 2/7, Anon Óldr 2/5

Þundr, a name for Óðinn — Eskál Vell 10/3, 19/2, Tindr Hákdr 11/1, ÞKolb Eirdr 14/3, Sigv Knútdr 5/8, HSt Rst 1/3, 8/3 (Þundregn ‘Þundr’s rain [POETRY]’)

Æsir, the gods — Eyv Hák 16/3

leifr see Óláfr

lfr see Álfr

Ǫnundr, a legendary Swedish king — Þjóð Yt 19/1

 
2. Personal Names

For early rulers named in Þjóð Yt and Eyv Hál, see under Mythical and Legendary Names

Aðalgrímr see under Mythical and Legendary Names

Aðalráðr, Æthelred ‘the Unready’, king of England (r. 978-1016) — Sigv Knútdr 2/3, 7/8, Ótt Hfl 13/2

Áki Pálna-Tókason, father of Vagn ÁkasonBjbp Jóms 8/8, 28/7, 29/6, 42/6

Alfhildr see Álfhildr

Álfhildr, mother of Magnús Óláfsson — Sigv Lv 30/2

Alfífa see Álfífa

Álfífa, Ælfgifu of Northampton, mistress of Knútr inn ríki and mother of Sveinn Álfífuson — Sigv Lv 26/1

Andaðr, a clown at the court of Haraldr hárfagri — Þhorn Harkv 22/4, 23/1

Ármóðr from Ǫnundarfjǫrðr, a Norwegian leader — Bjbp Jóms 21/6, 29/8

Ásbjǫrn kjǫtvi see Kjǫtvi

Áslákr Fitjaskalli ‘Fitjar-Baldhead’ Áskelsson, Norwegian district chieftain — Sigv Erlfl 7/1

Áslákr hólmskalli ‘Island-Baldhead’, one of the Jómsvíkingar — Bjbp Jóms 13/8, 26/8, 34/2

Ásta Guðbrandsdóttir, mother of Óláfr Haraldsson — Sigv Austv 8/3

Ástríðr Óláfsdóttir, daughter of Óláfr sœnski, wife of Óláfr Haraldsson — Sigv Ást 1/7, 3/4, Sigv Lv 30/1

Bergr, companion of Sigvatr ÞórðarsonSigv Vestv 1/1

Birgir, steward of Haraldr blátǫnn — Anon (ÓTHkr) 1/5

Bjarni, unidentified skald — HSt Rst 34/8

Bjǫrn digri ‘the Stout’, marshal of Óláfr Haraldsson — Sigv ErfÓl 18/1, Sigv Lv 5/5

Bjǫrn Haraldsson, a ruler of Vestfold, Norway — Eyv Hák 2/1

Brúsi Sigurðarson, half-brother of Þorfinnr Sigurðarson and father of Rǫgnvaldr, jarl of Orkney (d. 1034) — BjHall Kálffl 8/6

Búi digri ‘the Stout’ Vésetason, a leader of the Jómsvíkingar — Eskál Vell 33/4, Tindr Hákdr 2/4, 10/4, Þskúm Lv 1/3, Vagn Lv 1/8, ÞGísl Búdr 8/1, 11/6, Bjbp Jóms 9/5, 12/3, 13/1, 14/4, 25/2, 36/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Dagr Hringsson, son of a Norwegian petty king — Sigv ErfÓl 19/8, Þorm Lv 22/4

Eirekr see Eiríkr

Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’ Haraldsson, son of Haraldr hárfagri, Norwegian king (r. c. 929-c. 934) — Eyv Lv 6/6, Anon Eirm 4/4, 5/5, 6/1, 8/1 (see also under Nicknames)

Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson, son of Hákon Sigurðarson, jarl of Lade (ON Hlaðir), Norwegian ruler (r. c. 1000-c. 1014, d. c. 1023) — Hfr ErfÓl 17/4, 24/6, Edáð Banddr 4/4, 7/4, 9/2, Hókr Eirfl 1/8, ÞKolb Eirdr 7/4, 11/8, 15/6, Sigv Austv 19/4 (?), Sigv Vestv 4/6, HSt Rst 22/6, ÞGísl Búdr 12/8, Bjbp Jóms 21/3, 38/8, 41/1, 44/2, Anon Óldr 19/7, 25/2

Eiríkr inn sigrsæli ‘the Victorious’ Bjarnarson, king of Sweden (r. c. 935-c. 995) — ÞHjalt Lv 1/8

Ella, Ælla, Northumbrian king (d. 867) — Sigv Víkv 7/7, Sigv Knútdr 1/1

Erlingr Skjálgsson, Norwegian district chieftain (d. c. 1027) — ÞKolb Eirdr 9/1, Ólhelg Lv 6/7, Sigv Erlfl 1/1, 3/1, 5/2, 6/1, 8/3, 9/1, 10/1, BjHall Kálffl 2/2

Eyvindr skreyja ‘Wretch’, a Norwegian — Eyv Lv 3/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Finnr Árnason, son of Árni Arnmóðsson, Norwegian district chieftain — Þorm Lv 15/6, BjHall Kálffl 8/1

Gamli Eiríksson, son of Eiríkr blóðøx and Gunnhildr, d. c. 955 — Eyv Lv 6/4, Glúmr Lv 1/4

Geirfiðr, an unidentified Iberian ruler — Sigv Víkv 13/7

Geirmundr, a Norwegian — Bjbp Jóms 17/8

Goðlaugr see Guðlaugr under Mythical and Legendary Names

Goðþormr see Guthormr

Gormr inn gamli ‘the Old’, Danish king (r. C10th) — EValg Lv 1/5, Sigv Vestv 2/7

Górøðr see Guðrøðr

Grímr see under Mythical and Legendary Names

Grjótgarðr see Hallgarðr

Grjótvǫr = Steinvǫr — Anon Liðs 9/7

Guðbrandr, Dala-Guðbrandr ‘Guðbrandr of the Dales’, Norwegian chieftain — Sigv Erl 1/4

Guðmundr, king of Glasisvellir — ÓTr Lv 2/6

Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of light’ Haraldsson, son of Haraldr hárfagri and foster-son of the poet Þjóðólfr ór HviniÞjóð Lv 2/4

Gunnhildr, wife of Eiríkr blóðøx — ÞSjár Þórdr 2/8

Guthormr sindri ‘Spark’ (?), poet — Jór Send 5/3 (Goðþormr) (see also under Nicknames)

Haklangr, son of Kjǫtvi inn auðlagði — Þhorn Harkv 9/8

Hákon inn góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson, also Aðalsteinsfóstri ‘Foster-son of Æthelstan’, son of Haraldr hárfagri, Norwegian king (r. c. 934-c. 961) — Gunnh Lv 1/1, 2, Eyv Hák 10/4, 18/4, 21/4, Eyv Lv 8/4, Glúmr Lv 1/8

Hákon jarl Eiríksson, son of Eiríkr Hákonarson, jarl of Lade (ON Hlaðir), Norwegian ruler (r. c. 1014-c. 1015) — Sigv Víkv 15/4, Sigv Vestv 3/4, 4/8, Ótt Hfl 16/4

Hákon jarl Sigurðarson, jarl of Lade (ON Hlaðir), Norwegian ruler (r. c. 970-c. 995) — Eskál Vell 16/4, 31/8, Tindr Hákdr 8/4, 10/8, Þskúm Lv 1/6, Þjsk Hák 1/1, 2/1, Hhal Lv 1/4, Hfr ErfÓl 17/8, ÞKolb Eirdr 6/4, Bjbp Jóms 12/6, 21/1, 24/4, 30/8

Hákun see Hákon

Halfdan see Hálfdan

Hálfdan svarti ‘the Black’ Guðrøðarson, Norwegian king (r. c. 840-c. 860) — Þjóð Harkv 4/6

Hálfdan svarti ‘the Black’ Haraldsson, son of Haraldr hárfagri — Jór Send 2/1

Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld ‘Troublesome-poet’ Óttarsson, Icelandic poet — HSt Rst 34/5

Hallgarðr = Grjótgarðr, grandfather of Sigurðr jarl Hákonarson — Eyv Hál 8/3

Haraldr blátǫnn ‘Blue-tooth’ Gormsson, king of Denmark (r. c. 958-c. 988) — Anon (ÓTHkr) 1/2

Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’ Eiríksson, son of Eiríkr blóðøx and Gunnhildr, Norwegian king (r. c. 961-970) — Eyv Lv 2/8, 7/8, Glúmr Gráf 8/6, 10/4, 12/4, 15/2, Glúmr Lv 1/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Haraldr inn grenski ‘from Grenland’ Guðrøðarson, father of Óláfr Haraldsson (identification certain in Þloft Glækv 4/3, probable in others) — Sigv Víkv 7/8, Sigv Ást 2/6, Sigv Knútdr 3/3, Sigv Lv 11/2, Ótt Hfl 15/8, Þloft Glækv 4/3, BjHall Kálffl 1/2

Haraldr harðráði ‘Hard-rule’ Sigurðarson, son of Sigurðr sýr(r) and Ásta, Norwegian king (r. 1046–1066) — Sigv Lv 19/8, Þorm Lv 22/1, BjHall Kálffl 3/4, 7/4

Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ Hálfdanarson, also lúfa ‘Mop-head’, son of Hálfdan svarti Guðrøðarson, Norwegian king (r. c. 860-c. 932) — Þjóð Har 5/7, Þhorn Gldr 9/4, Þhorn Harkv 1/2, 4/5, 13/6, 16/3, 18/5, 19/11, 22/5, TorfE Lv 2/7, Vitg Lv 1/7, Jór Send 2/1, 5/2, Sigv Ást 2/6 (?) (see also under Nicknames)

Haraldr, Strút-Haraldr ‘Jutting-hood-Haraldr’, jarl of Skåne (ON Skáney) — Bjbp Jóms 7/2 (?), 24/5

Harðráðr, a giant or man — Anon (ÓT) 2/6

Hávarðr hǫggvandi ‘Hewer’, one of the Jómsvíkingar — Bjbp Jóms 13/5, 26/6, 34/6

Hemingr Hákonarson, son of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson, and half-brother of Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson — Hókr Eirfl 8/8

Hringr, purported king of Hedmark (ON Heiðmǫrk), Norway — Þorm Lv 22/4

Hrolfr see Hrólfr

Hrólfr, Gǫngu-Hrólfr ‘Walking Hrólfr’, son of R`ǫgnvaldr Mœrajarl Eysteinsson and Hildr — TorfE Lv 1/1

Hrollaugr, son of R`ǫgnvaldr Mœrajarl Eysteinsson — TorfE Lv 1/2

Hundingr, an unidentified leader — ÞHjalt Lv 2/8

Húnn = Bersi Skáld-Torfuson, Icelandic poet — Sigv Vestv 5/4

Hvíta-Kristr see Kristr

Hyrningr, a Norwegian, kinsman-in-law and supporter of Óla´fr Tryggvason — ÞKolb Eirdr 8/8, HSt Rst 21/7

Hkun see Hákon

Hǫlgi see Mythical and Legendary Names

Ingibjǫrg Þorkelsdóttir, daughter of Þorkell leira — Bjbp Jóms 45/4

Ívarr inn beinlausi ‘the Boneless’, son of the legendary viking Ragnarr loðbrókSigv Knútdr 1/3

Ívarr hvíti ‘the White’, Norwegian district chieftain — Sigv Lv 8/2

Játgeirr, Eadgar, king of England (r. 959-75) — Ótt Knútdr 3/6

Játmundr, Eadmund, an English king (identification uncertain) — Ótt Hfl 13/8, Ótt Knútdr 7/5

Kalfr see Kálfr

Kálfr Árnason, son of Árni Arnmóðsson, Norwegian district chieftain — BjHall Kálffl 1/4, 6/5, 8/2

Karli, unidentified, possibly an Icelandic farmer — Ólhelg Lv 3/1

Kjǫtvi inn auðlagði ‘the Wealthy’, also called Ásbjǫrn kjǫtvi ‘the Fleshy’, king of Agder (ON Agðir), Norway — Þhorn Harkv 7/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson, Cnut the Great, son of Sveinn tjúguskegg, king of Denmark, England and Norway (d. 1035) — ÞKolb Eirdr 13/4, Sigv Vestv 3/4, 3/6, 5/1, 7/1, 8/8, Sigv Knútdr 2/4, 3/1, 7/1, Sigv Lv 12/2, Ótt Knútdr 1/8, Hár Lv 1/8, Þloft Hfl 1/1, Þloft Tøgdr 1/1, BjHall Kálffl 3/8, Anon Liðs 7/1

Kristr, Hvíta-Kristr ‘White-Christ’, Christ — Hfr ErfÓl 27/7, Sigv Ást 2/7, Sigv Lv 23/2 (Hvíta-Kristr), Þrándr Kredda 1/6, Þloft Glækv 7/3, HSt Rst 33/2, Anon Óldr 9/4, 28/3

Magnús inn góði ‘the Good’ Óláfsson, son of Óláfr Haraldsson, Norwegian king (r. 1035-47) — Sigv Ást 2/3, 2/8, 3/2, Sigv ErfÓl 6/6, 22/7, 25/4, Sigv Lv 28/4, 29/2, BjHall Kálffl 6/6

Óláfr inn digri ‘the Stout’ Haraldsson, posthumously inn helgi ‘the Holy’, S. Óláfr, son of Haraldr inn grenski and Ásta, Norwegian king (r. c. 1015-1030) — ÞSjár Róðdr 1/2, Sigv Víkv 2/2, 6/3, 7/4, 8/8, 9/8, 11/1, Sigv Nesv 4/4, 15/1, Sigv Austv 17/2, 20/2, Sigv Vestv 3/1, 4/4, 7/4, Sigv Erlfl 5/8, Sigv Ást 1/8, Sigv Knútdr 3/7, Sigv ErfÓl 1/3, 3/6, 6/7, 7/2, 8/1, 13/2, 19/5, 20/8, 21/1, 23/1, 25/1, Sigv Lv 6/4, 10/4, 12/5, 15/3, 21/7, 23/3, 24/4, 26/5, HalldR Lv 1/3, Jǫk Lv 1/6, Þorm Lv 19/8, 21/2, 22/2, 23/1, Þloft Glækv 3/1, 7/5, 9/1, BjHall Kálffl 5/2, 7/8, Anon (ÓH) 1/1, Anon (Vǫlsa) 3/6 (see also under Nicknames)

Óláfr Geirstaðaálfr ‘Elf of Geirstaðir’, a Norwegian king (r. C9th) — Þjóð Yt 26/5

Óláfr sœnski ‘the Swede’ Eiríksson, Swedish king (r. c. 995-c. 1021) — Sigv Ást 1/3

Óláfr Tryggvason, Norwegian king (r. c. 995-c. 1000) — Hfr ErfÓl 11/4, 15/8, 20/6, 24/8, 27/2, Hókr Eirfl 6/2, Sigv Erlfl 9/3, HSt Rst 2/8, 3/8, 7/7, 8/6, 10/8, 13/8, 16/8, 19/8, 22/8, 33/7, Anon Óldr 3/4, 28/6, Anon Ól 3/7

Óttarr svarti ‘the Black’, Icelandic poet — Sigv Lv 9/6

Pétrús, S. Peter the Apostle — Sigv Knútdr 10/8

Ragnfrøðr Eiríksson, son of Eiríkr blóðøx, Norwegian king — Eskál Vell 18/4

Ragnhildr Eiríksdóttir, wife of Haraldr hárfagri — Þhorn Harkv 13/2

Rannveig, mother of Halldórr RannveigarsonÓlhelg Lv 1/3

Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár ‘High with Honours’, a legendary Norwegian king — Þjóð Yt 27/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Rǫgnvaldr Mœrajarl ‘Jarl of Møre’ Eysteinsson — TorfE Lv 4/1

Rǫgnvaldr réttilbeini ‘with equally long legs, one who stretches his legs, straight of stature’ (?) Haraldsson, son of Haraldr hárfagri — Vitg Lv l/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Rǫgnvaldr Úlfsson, jarl possibly in Skara, present-day Sweden — Sigv Austv 12/4, 17/4, 18/8, 20/8, 21/2, Sigv Erlfl 9/8

Saxi, unidentified man in Sweden or Norway — Sigv Austv 8/5

Sighvatr see Sigvatr

Sigurðr jarl Hákonarson, jarl of Lade (ON Hlaðir) (d. c. 962) — Eyv Hál 9/1

Sigurðr kápa ‘Cloak’ Vésetason, one of the Jómsvíkingar — Bjbp Jóms 9/6

Sigvaldi jarl Strút-Haraldsson, a leader of the Jómsvíkingar — Eskál Vell 33/2, Eskál Lv 2a/4, Tindr Hákdr 2/2, Þskúm Lv 1/4, Vagn Lv 1/1, ÞKolb Eirdr 3/4, Bjbp Jóms 9/1, 12/2, 13/2, 24/1, 33/6

Sigvatr Þórðarson, Icelandic poet — Sigv Lv 27/3

Skjǫldungr, member of the Danish dynasty of the Skjǫldungar = Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson — ÞKolb Eirdr 13/2, Ótt Knútdr 10/1 (see also Knútr inn ríki)

Skopti, Tíðenda-Skopti ‘News-Skopti’, son-in-law of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson — Edáð Banddr 1/8

Stefnir Þorgilsson, an Icelander — Anon (ÓT) 1/1

Steinvǫr see Grjótvǫr

Strút-Haraldr see Haraldr

Sveinn Álfífuson, son of Knútr inn ríki and Álfífa, king in Norway (r. c. 1029-c. 1035) — Sigv Tryggfl 1/3, BjHall Kálffl 6/4, Anon Sveinfl 1/5

Sveinn jarl Hákonarson, son of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson, jarl of Lade (ON Hlaðir), Norwegian ruler (r. c. 1000-c. 1015) — Sigv Nesv 2/4, 2/7, 4/1, 10/2, 11/7, 14/3, Sigv Austv 19/6, Bersi Ólfl 2/1

Sveinn tjúguskegg ‘Fork-beard’ Haraldsson, king of Denmark and England (d. 1014) — ÞSjár Róðdr l/7, Stefnir Lv 1/5, ÞKolb Eirdr 10/5, Ótt Knútdr 6/8, OSnorr Lv 1/5 (Sueion), HSt Rst 20/2

Sueion see Sveinn tjúguskegg

Teitr, unidentified — Sigv Nesv 5/1

Tófa Sigvatsdóttir, daughter of the poet Sigvatr ÞórðarsonSigv Lv 19/4

Tryggvi Óláfsson, Norwegian petty king, father of Óláfr TryggvasonHfr Óldr 3/2, Hfr ErfÓl 13/2, 20/4, 23/8, 28/4, Stefnir Lv 1/7, ÞKolb Eirdr 6/8, Sigv Erlfl 9/4, Sigv ErfÓl 3/2, OSnorr Lv 1/7, HSt Rst 3/7, 32/8, 34/2, Anon Óldr 3/8, 25/8, Anon Ól 5/7

Tryggvi Óláfsson, alleged son of Óláfr Tryggvason, pretender to the Norwegian throne — Sigv Tryggfl 1/1

Ulfkell see Úlfkell

Úlfkell, Ulfcytel, ealdorman of East Anglia — ÞKolb Eirdr 14/8, Sigv Víkv 7/3, Anon Liðs 6/2

Ulfr see Úlfr

Úlfr Rǫgnvaldsson, jarl in Sweden, father of Rǫgnvaldr Úlfsson — Sigv Erlfl 9/7

Úlfr, perhaps a son of Rǫgnvaldr jarl at Skara — Sigv Austv 19/8, 20/1

Vagn Ákason, a leader of the Jómsvíkingar — Vígf Hák 1/4, ÞGísl Búdr 12/1, Bjbp Jóms 9/7, 14/1, 28/2, 29/1, 36/4, 38/2, 39/3, 40/5, 41/4, 42/7, 43/2, 44/4

Valdamarr, (S.) Vladimir, ruler of the Kievan Rus’, c. 970-1015 — Edáð Banddr 6/4

Valdamarr, an unidentified man in Garðar — Sigv ErfÓl 23/8

Véseti, father of Búi inn digri — Bjbp Jóms 7/8

Vigfúss Víga-Glúmsson, an Icelandic poet and warrior — Bjbp Jóms 34/1

Viljálmr, possibly an Iberian ruler — Sigv Víkv 11/6 (see also Viljálmsbœr as possible place name)

Þorbergr Árnason, son of Árni Arnmóðsson, Norwegian district chieftain — BjHall Kálffl 7/1

Þorfinnr Sigurðarson, jarl of Orkney (d. c. 1064) — BjHall Kálffl 8/8

Þórðr Fólason, standard-bearer of Óláfr Haraldsson — Sigv ErfÓl 7/1

Þórðr Sigvaldaskáld ‘Poet of Sigvaldi’, father of the poet Sigvatr — Sigv Lv 18/8

Þórir hundr ‘Dog’ Þórisson, Norwegian district chieftain — Sigv ErfÓl 16/4, 17/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Þórir, son of R`ǫgnvaldr Mœrajarl Eysteinsson — TorfE Lv 1/8

Þorkell dyrðill ‘Cloak’, retainer of Óláfr TryggvasonHfr ErfÓl 16/8 (or Þorkell nefja ‘Nose’), HSt Rst 29/6, Anon Ól 4/7

Þorkell inn hávi ‘the Tall’ Strút-Haraldsson, a leader of the Jómsvíkingar — Bjbp Jóms 9/4, Anon Liðs 4/2

Þorkell leira ‘Clay’ — Bjbp Jóms 14/8 (Þorketill), 42/2 (see also under Nicknames)

Þórleifr see Þorleifr

Þorleifr jarlsskáld ‘Jarl’s poet’ Rauðfeldarson, Icelandic poet — Svtjúg Lv 1/1

Þorleifr skúma ‘the Dusky’ (?) Þorkelsson, an Icelander — Bjbp Jóms 34/5

Þórketill see Þorkell

Þórrøðr see Þórðr

Ǫgmundr, brother of Þórðr Fólason — Sigv ErfÓl 7/8

leifr see Óláfr

Ǫlvir, name of three heathen farmers in Sweden or Norway — Sigv Austv 6/7

Ǫnundr Eiríksson, king of the Swedes (r. c. 1021-c. 1050) — Sigv Knútdr 4/6

 
3. Nicknames

Nicknames are capitalised when they stand alone in the Text, unaccompanied by a forename. Several of the individuals listed below are also listed under Personal Names or (in the case of Guðrøðr inn gǫfugláti and Yngvarr ljóshamr) under Mythical and Legendary Names

inn auðlagði ‘the Wealthy’, Kjǫtvi — Þhorn Harkv 7/4

Blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’, Eiríkr Haraldsson — Eyv Lv 1/1

inn digri ‘the Stout’, Óláfr Haraldsson, also inn helgi ‘the Holy, Saint’ — Sigv Lv 12/6

Goll-Búi see Gull-Búi

Gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, Haraldr Eiríksson — Anon (Ágr) 1/2

Gull-Búi ‘Gold-Búi’ Vésetason — Bjbp Jóms 26/2, 37/4

inn gǫfugláti ‘the Splendid’, Guðrøðr — Þjóð Yt 25/2

Háfœta ‘Long-legs’ = Hálfdan háleggr ‘Long-legged’ Haraldsson — TorfE Lv 4/8

hárfagri, inn hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, Haraldr Hálfdanarson, also Lúfa (below) — Þjóð Har 5/7, Jór Send 2/4 (inn hárfagri)

heiðumhár ‘High with Honours’, Rǫgnvaldr — Þjóð Yt 27/7

heiðumhr see heiðumhár

Hundr ‘Dog’, Þórir Þórisson — Sigv ErfÓl 16/5

leira ‘Clay’, Þorkell — Bjbp Jóms 42/2

Ljóshamr ‘the Light-skinned’, Yngvarr — Þjóð Yt 18/5

Loftunga ‘Praise-tongue’, Þórarinn — Þorm Lv 10/1

Lúfa ‘Mop-head’, Haraldr Hálfdanarson, also hárfagri (above) — Þjóð Har 4/1, 5/2, Þhorn Harkv 10/1

Nefja ‘Nose’, Hrólfr — Hildr Lv 1/1

réttilbeini ‘with equally long legs, one who stretches his legs, straight of stature’ (?), Rǫgnvaldr Haraldsson — Vitg Lv l/6

Sindri ‘Spark’ (?), Guthormr — Jór Send 4/8

Skjalgr see Skjálgr

Skjálgr ‘the Squinting’, Þórólfr, father of Erlingr Skjálgsson — Sigv Erlfl 3/6, 4/4

skreyja ‘Wretch’, Eyvindr — Eyv Lv 3/4, 4/2 (Skreyja)

Skurfa ‘the Scabby’, Kálfr, a viking — Anon (Hhárf) 1/2

Torf-Einarr ‘Turf-Einarr’, son of Rǫgnvaldr Mœrajarl Eysteinsson, jarl of Orkney — Anon (Hhárf) 1/2

Tréskegg ‘Wood-beard’, Þórir, a viking — Anon (Hhárf) 1/1

 
4. Ethnic and Regional Names

Bretar, the British — Hfr ErfÓl 12/2

Danir, the Danes — Þjóð Yt 15/4, Gsind Hákdr 2/6, Eyv Lv 5/8, Tindr Hákdr 6/4, 9/4, Þskúm Lv 1/10, Hfr ErfÓl 5/4, Edáð Banddr 7/6, ÞKolb Eirdr 1/8, 4/4, 5/2, Sigv Víkv 4/8, Sigv Austv 11/6, Sigv Knútdr 4/6, 6/6, 7/4, 9/6, Ótt Lv 2/2, Þloft Glækv 1/2, HSt Rst 20/4, Anon Liðs 7/2, 8/8, Anon (Styrb) 1/4 (see also Eydanir)

Egðir, people from Agder (ON Agðir), Norway — Eyv Hál 12/2, ÞSjár Róðdr 1/1, Þloft Tøgdr 2/1, BjHall Kálffl 2/7

Eistr, the Estonians — Þjóð Yt 19/6

Englar, the English — Hfr Óldr 5/1, ÞKolb Eirdr 15/8, 16/1, Sigv Víkv 6/2, 9/1, Sigv ErfÓl 19/3, Ótt Hfl 9/7, Ótt Knútdr 6/1, Ótt Lv 2/3, BjHall Kálffl 4/1, Anon Liðs 1/1, 1/8

Eybúar ‘Island-dwellers’, people from Orkney — Ótt Lv 2/4

Eydanir ‘Island-Danes’, people from the Danish islands — Eyv Hák 3/7 (see also Danir)

Eynir, people from Eynafylki, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway — Hókr Eirfl 2/1

Finnar, the Saami — Eyv Lv 12/2, Sigv ErfÓl 16/3

Finnlendingar, the Finns — Sigv Víkv 3/3

Flæmingjar, the Flemings — Hfr Óldr 4/8

Frakkar, the Franks — Eskál Vell 27/8

Frísir, the Frisians — Eskál Vell 27/5, Hfr Óldr 3/6, Ótt Knútdr 7/1

Gautar, people from Götaland (ON Gautland), Sweden — Þhorn Gldr 7/6, Gsind Hákdr 4/2, Eyv Hák 1/2, Glúmr Gráf 5/2, Eskál Vell 29/8, Edáð Banddr 8/3

Gotar, people from Gotland (ON Gotland), Sweden — Hfr Óldr 2/2

Háleygir, people from Hålogaland (ON Hálogaland), Norway — Eyv Hák 3/1

Heinir, people from Hedmark (ON Heinmǫrk, Heiðmǫrk), Norway — Sigv Nesv 14/5

Hjaltar see Hjaltlendingar

Hjaltlendingar, Hjaltar, the Shetlanders, people from Shetland (ON Hjaltland) — Ótt Hfl 20/4, HSt Rst 11/5 (Hjaltar)

Holmrygir see Hólmrygir

Hólmrygir, people from Rogaland, Norway — Þhorn Harkv 14/1, Eyv Hák 3/2

Hringar, people from Ringerike (ON Hringaríki), Norway — Sigv ErfÓl 7/5

Hǫrðar, people from Hordaland (ON Hǫrðaland), Norway — Þhorn Harkv 14/2, Eyv Lv 7/2, Eskál Vell 12/3, 25/6, Ólhelg Lv 9/3, Sigv Erlfl 7/2, Sigv Lv 15/1, HSt Rst 34/5, HSt Frag 1/4

Innþrœndir, people from the inner parts of Trøndelag (ON Þrœndalǫg), Norway — Sigv ErfÓl 14/6, Þorm Lv 18/6

Írar, the Irish — Gsind Hákdr 5/5, Hfr Óldr 6/8, Ótt Lv 2/3, HSt Rst 6/1

Jamtr, people from Jämtland (ON Jamtaland), Norway — Hfr Óldr 1/5

Jómsvíkingar — a warrior fraternity based in Jóm or Jómsborg (Wolin, present-day Poland) — Bjbp Jóms 17/4

Jótar, people from Jutland (Jylland; ON Jótland), Denmark — Þjóð Yt 5/10, Gsind Hákdr 1/3, ÞSjár Róðdr 1/3, Þjsk Sveindr 1/3, Sigv Vestv 2/1, Ótt Knútdr 2/1, 3/5, Þloft Tøgdr 6/4 (veg-Jótar ‘Glory-Jótar’), HSt Rst 19/7, Anon (Styrb) 2/1

Listir, people from Lista (ON Listi), Vest-Agder, Norway — Sigv Austv 18/6

Mœrir, people from Nord- and Sunnmøre (ON Mœrr), Norway — Eskál Vell 21/1, Sigv Víkv 14/1

Norðimbrar, the Northumbrians — Hfr Óldr 5/4, Ótt Knútdr 6/4

Norðmenn, the Norwegians — Þhorn Harkv 5/3, Eyv Hák 3/6, 6/4, Eyv Lv 4/8, ÞSjár Þórdr 1/8, Hfr ErfÓl 23/1, Sigv Lv 21/4

Partar, an unidentified group of people in England — Sigv Víkv 8/7

Saxar, the Saxons, people from Saxony (ON Saxland), Germany — Eskál Vell 2/2, 28/5, Hfr Óldr 3/4

Skánungar, people from Skåne (ON Skáney, Skáni), present-day Sweden — ÞSjár Róðdr 1/6, Hókr Eirfl 2/8, Ótt Knútdr 2/4

Skotar, the Scots — Þhorn Gldr 8/6, Hfr Óldr 6/4, HSt Rst 6/8, Anon Óldr 7/4

Sknungar see Skánungar

Strindir, people from Strinda, Trøndelag, Norway — Sigv Austv 9/4

Svíar, the Svear or Swedes, people from Svealand (ON Svíþjóð, Svíaríki), as opposed to Götaland — Þjóð Yt 5/11, 17/6, 20/12, 21/8, Sigv Ást 1/6, 2/2, Sigv ErfÓl 1/5, 8/8, Ótt Knútdr 5/8, 11/1

Sygnir, people from Sogn, Norway — Ólhelg Lv 1/5, Sigv Austv 13/3

Upplendingar, people from Oppland(ene), Norway (ON Upplǫnd) — Sigv Nesv 14/2

Valkerar, probably people from Walcheren, the Netherlands — Hfr Óldr 4/6

Vinðr, the Wends — Gsind Hákdr 3/3, Eskál Vell 23/1, 27/7, Tindr Hákdr 4/1, Hfr Óldr 1/7, Hfr ErfÓl 7/1, Hókr Eirfl 6/7, 7/2, Sigv Víkv 8/2, HSt Rst 5/3, Anon (ÓTHkr) 1/3

Þrœndir, people from Trøndelag (ON Þrœndalǫg), Norway — Svtjúg Lv 1/1, ÞKolb Eirdr 7/7, Sigv Víkv 13/1, Sigv ErfÓl 11/3, Anon Ól 2/5

 
5. Place Names

Á in helga, Helgeå, Skåne — Ótt Knútdr 11/3

Assatúnir, Ashingdon, Essex, England — Ótt Knútdr 10/4

Bálagarðssíða, unidentified p. n., possibly in Finland — Sigv Víkv 3/7-8

Bókn, Bokn, islands of Vestre Bokn and Austre Bokn in Boknafjorden, Rogaland, Norway — Sigv Erlfl 3/4, BjHall Kálffl 1/4

Borró, Borre, Vestfold, Norway — Þjóð Yt 24/10

Brandfurða, Brentford, Middlesex, England — Ótt Knútdr 7/4

Danaskógar, probably the Forest of Dean, England — Ótt Knútdr 10/8

Danmǫrk, Denmark — Eskál Vell 25/4, Vagn Lv 1/4, Hfr Óldr 2/6, Sigv Knútdr 6/2, Ótt Hfl 3/4, Þloft Tøgdr 6/8, BjHall Kálffl 6/4, Bjbp Jóms 10/2, Anon (Styrb) 2/5

Dofrafjall, Dovrefjell, mountain range in Norway — Sigv Lv 10/8

Dofrar, district south of Dovrefjell, Norway — Eskál Vell 25/7

Egðir, Agder, district in southern Norway — ÞKolb Eirdr 9/8, Sigv Nesv 3/4

Eið, p. n. of uncertain identity in Sweden or Norway — Sigv Austv 2/1

Eiðar, probably the same as Eið — Sigv Austv 3/2, Ótt Hfl 19/5

Eiðaskógr, probably Eidskogen, forest in Norway — Sigv Austv 8/2, 14/4

Eikundasund, Eigersund, Rogaland, Norway — Þloft Tøgdr 3/8

England — Þjsk Sveindr 1/4, Sigv Lv 16/2, HSt Rst 4/6, Anon Liðs 3/8, Anon Óldr 5/4

Eyjar, the Isles, Orkney, sometimes also Shetland and the Hebrides — TorfE Lv 2/3 (Orkney), HSt Rst 11/4, Anon Óldr 12/2

Eylimafjǫrðr = Limafjǫrðr, Limfjorden, fjord in Jutland, Denmark — Glúmr Gráf 11/4 (see also Limfjǫrðr)

Eyrarsund, Øresund, the strait between Denmark and Sweden — Hár Lv 1/6

Eysýsla, Saaremaa, Estonia — Sigv Víkv 2/4, Ótt Hfl 7/8 (see also Sýsla)

Fetlafjǫrðr, possibly Betanzos, Galicia, Spain — Sigv Víkv 12/3

Fíf, Fife, Scotland — Sigv Lv 12/3

Firðir, Fjordane, district in western Norway — Gunnh Lv 1/4

Fitjar, place on the island of Stord (ON Storð) — ÞSjár Þórdr 1/4

Fjalir, Fjaler, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway — Eyv Hál 7/8

Fold, probably = Vestfold, district in southern Norway — Þjóð Yt 26/10

Fýri, Fyrisån, river in Uppland, Sweden — Þjóð Yt 6/12

Fýrisvellir, Fýrisvǫllr, south of modern Uppsala — Eyv Lv 8/3, ÞHjalt Lv 1/1 (Fýrisvǫllr)

Gandvík, possibly the White Sea or Arctic Ocean — EValg Lv 1/6

Garðar, north-west Russia — Hfr Óldr 4/4, Edáð Banddr 6/8, Ólhelg Lv 9/8, Sigv ErfÓl 23/6, Sigv Lv 25/2, 28/6, BjHall Kálffl 3/3, 6/8, HSt Rst 2/2, 3/2, HSt Frag 1/4, Anon Óldr 3/2

Gautland, Götaland, Sweden — Eskál Vell 30/8

Geirstaðir, Gjekstad, Vestfold, Norway — Þjóð Yt 26/14

Goðmarr, probably Gullmaren, Bohuslän, present-day Sweden — Tindr Hákdr 11/4

Gotland, island east of the Swedish mainland — Edáð Banddr 4/6

Gríkland, Greece — Þloft Hfl 1/2

Grímsey, island off northern Iceland — Eþver Lv 1/4

Gríslupollr, possibly Castropol, Asturias, Spain — Sigv Víkv 11/4

Grœnaveldi = Grœnland, Greenland — HSt Rst 11/3 (see also Grœnland)

Grœnland — Anon Óldr 12/5 (see also Grœnaveldi)

Gunnvaldsborg, unidentified fortified place in Iberia — Sigv Víkv 13/6

Fitjar, place on the island of Stord (ON Storð), Hordaland, Norway, site of a battle c. 961 — ÞSjár Þórdr 1/4

Haðaland, Hadeland, district in Oppland, south-eastern Norway — Vitg Lv l/8

Hádýr, Hådyret, Rogaland, Norway — Þloft Tøgdr 3/3

Hafrsfjǫrðr, Hafrsfjorden, near Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway, site of a battle c. 885-c. 890 — Þjóð Har 4/8, Þhorn Harkv 7/1, 11/7

Hals see Háls

Háls, Hals, Jutland, Denmark — Glúmr Gráf 11/6

Hangrar, unidentified p. n. in Sweden — Sigv Ást 1/5

Heiðabýr, ‑bœr, Hedeby, in northern Schleswig, present-day Germany — Hfr Óldr 2/7, 8

Hemmingaborg, probably Hemingbrough, East Yorkshire, England — Ótt Knútdr 5/6

Herdalar, unidentified p. n., possibly in Finland — Sigv Víkv 3/2

Hillar, Hille and other islands in Vest-Agder, Norway — Sigv Lv 21/5

Himinfjǫll, unidentified p. n. in Sweden — Þjóð Yt 19/4

Hjaltland, Shetland — Anon Óldr 12/1

Hjǫrnagli, Tjernagel, Hordaland, Norway — Þloft Tøgdr 4/3

Hjǫrungavágr, probably Liavågen, Møre og Romsdal, Norway — Bjbp Jóms 20/8

Hof, (probably) unidentified p. n. in Sweden or Norway — Sigv Austv 4/1

Hóll, unidentified p. n., possibly in Brittany, France — Sigv Víkv 10/5

Holmr see Hólmr

Hólmr, probably Bornholm (ON Borgundarhólmr), island in present-day Denmark — Hfr Óldr 4/1

Holtar, probably Holtan, Borre, Vestfold, Norway — Þjóð Yt 24/6

Hringmaraheiðr, Ringmere Heath, Norfolk, England — Sigv Víkv 7/5, Ótt Hfl 9/3

Hringsfjǫrðr, unidentified p. n., possibly in Brittany, France — Sigv Víkv 10/4

Hverbjǫrg, unidentified p. n. in Verdal (ON Veradalr), Nord-Trøndelag, Norway — Þorm Lv 18/4

Ísland, Iceland — HSt Rst 11/1

Jaðarr, Jæren, district in southern Norway — Þjóð Lv 2/8, Þhorn Harkv 11/6, Ólhelg Lv 6/4, 7/4, Sigv Erlfl 2/6, 8/4, Bjbp Jóms 17/3

Jóm, stronghold of the Jómsvíkingar on the Baltic coast, identified with present-day Wolin, Poland — Bjbp Jóms 6/2

Jórðán, the river Jordan — Sigv ErfÓl 28/2

Jórvík, York, England — Sigv Knútdr 1/4

Jótland, Jutland (Jylland), Denmark — Sigv Knútdr 9/3

Kantaraborg, Canterbury, England — Sigv Víkv 8/6, Ótt Hfl 10/4

Kinnlimasíða, unidentified p. n., probably in the present-day Netherlands — Sigv Víkv 5/4

Kvinnar, possibly Kvinnherad (ON Kvinnaherað), Sunnhordland, Norway — Þhorn Harkv 5/2

Leira, the river Loire, France — Sigv Víkv 14/4

Limafjǫrðr, Limfjorden, fjord in Jutland, Denmark — Þjóð Yt 12/4, Sigv Knútdr 8/8, Þloft Tøgdr 1/5, 6 (see also Eylimafjǫrðr)

Lindisey, Lindsey, district in Lincolnshire, England — Ótt Knútdr 5/2

Listi, Lista, Vest-Agder, Norway — Sigv Austv 9/6, Þloft Tøgdr 3/1, Anon Óldr 11/2

Lófund, unidentified p. n. in Sweden — Þjóð Yt 17/4

Lundr, Lund, Skåne, present-day Sweden — Hár Lv 2/1

Lundúnir, Lundún, London, England — ÞKolb Eirdr 14/4 (Lundún), Sigv Víkv 6/4, Ótt Hfl 8/4, BjHall Kálffl 4/8, Anon Liðs 10/8

Mont, a mountain or mountains, possibly the Alps — Sigv Lv 18/1

Mœrr, Nord- and Sunnmøre, districts in western Norway — TorfE Lv 1/8, ÞKolb Eirdr 4/6

Mǫn, the Isle of Man — Hfr Óldr 6/2

Nauma, a possible place- or river-name in Norway, unidentified — Tindr Hákdr 6/2

Nið, Nidelven, river flowing through the city of Trondheim, Norway — Þhorn Gldr 8/2, ÞSjár Klœingr l/4, Sigv Knútdr 3/6, Þloft Tøgdr 5/7

Norðvík, Norwich, England — Ótt Knútdr 9/4

Nóregr, Norway — Þjóð Yt 26/2, Glúmr Gráf 7/4, Eskál Vell 22/8, ÞKolb Eirdr 10/4, Sigv Austv 13/8, Sigv Lv 24/2, Ótt Hfl 15/7, Þloft Tøgdr 6/3, HSt Rst 7/2, 11/6, 19/5, ÞGísl Búdr 3/8, Bjbp Jóms 18/4, Anon Oddm 1/4, Anon Óldr 5/6, 12/4

Nýjamóða, probably a place in Suffolk, England — Sigv Víkv 9/4

Peita, Poitou, France — Sigv Víkv 14/8, Ótt Hfl 12/2

Rín, the river Rhine — Sigv Austv 18/2, Hár Lv 1/2, Anon Liðs 3/7

Róm, Rúm, Rome, Italy — Sigv Knútdr 10/6, Sigv ErfÓl 27/1, Sigv Lv 23/6

Rúða, Rouen, France — Sigv Vestv 1/2

Rúm see Róm

Ræningr, unidentified p. n. in Sweden — Þjóð Yt 20/4

Sauðungssund, Sauesund, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway — Sigv Víkv 15/2, 4

Selja, island in Sogn og Fjordane, Norway — Sigv Lv 11/8

Seljupollir, possibly La Guardia, Galicia, Spain — Sigv Víkv 13/3

Selund, Silund, Zealand (Sjælland), island in Denmark — Gsind Hákdr 3/1, Sigv Knútdr 4/4 (Silund)

Silund see Selund

Skáney, Skåne (Scania), district in present-day southern Sweden — Gsind Hákdr 3/4, Glúmr Gráf 2/2, Hfr Óldr 2/4, Sigv Knútdr 6/6

Skíringssalr, hall and/or its territory near Kaupang, Vestfold, Norway — Þjóð Yt 22/10

Skorsteinn, Sherston, Wiltshire, England — Ótt Knútdr 6/8

Skotland, Scotland — Glúmr Gráf 2/6, HSt Rst 6/5

Skúta, probably Skutån, a river in Uppland, Sweden — Þjóð Yt 3/10

Skæreið, unidentified p. n. in south-eastern Norway — Þjóð Yt 22/9

Sogn, district in western Norway — Eskál Vell 21/4

Sótasker, unidentified p. n. in Sweden — Sigv Víkv 1/8

Staðr, Stad, Stadlandet, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway — Ólhelg Lv 4/2, Þloft Tøgdr 4/5, Anon Liðs 9/8

Stafanes, probably Stavenes in Askvoll, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway — Eyv Hál 8/5

Staurr, possibly Staver on the island of Fehmarn, present-day Schleswig-Holstein — Edáð Banddr 5/1

Stíflusund, unidentified p. n. in south-eastern Norway — Þjóð Yt 25/15

Stiklastaðir, Stiklestad, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway, site of a battle 29 July 1030 — Sigv ErfÓl 10/7, Þorm Lv 23/3-4, BjHall Kálffl 5/5

Stim, Stemmet, mountain between Nordmøre and Romsdalen, Norway — Þloft Tøgdr 5/4

Storð, Stord, island in Hordaland, Norway — Eyv Hák 7/8

Straumeyjarnes, unidentified p. n. — Eyv Hál 5/8

Strǫnd, an unidentified river — Anon (Styrb) 2/4

Suðrvík, Søndervig, Jutland, Denmark — Sigv Víkv 4/8

Súðvirki, Southwark, London, England — Sigv Víkv 6/8

Sult, Sylte, river in Møre og Romsdal, Norway — Jǫk Lv 1/1

Svíþjóð, Svealand, Sweden, as opposed to Götaland — ÞHjalt Lv 2/3, Hókr Eirfl 1/2, Sigv Austv 1/7, Ótt Hfl 6/4

Sýsla, either Suuremaa, the Estonian mainland (ON Aðalsýsla) or the island of Saaremaa (ON Eysýsla) — Þjóð Yt 18/3 (see also Eysýsla)

Temps, the river Thames, England — Ótt Knútdr 8/8, Anon Liðs 5/8, 9/2

Thesa, the river Tees, northern England — Ótt Knútdr 6/2

Tungur, Tunge, Rogaland, Norway— Sigv Erlfl 2/4, 3/2

Túskaland, Touraine, France — Ótt Hfl 12/4

Upplǫnd, Oppland(ene), present-day Hadeland, Romerike, Gudbrandsdalen and Østerdalen, Norway — Þjóð Har 2/7, Sigv ErfÓl 2/1

Uppsalir, Uppsala, Uppland, Sweden — Þjóð Yt 13/2, 16/16, 21/10

Úsa, the river Ouse, Yorkshire, England — Ótt Knútdr 5/7

Útsteinn, Utstein, Rogaland, Norway — Þhorn Harkv 9/4, Sigv Erlfl 5/7, BjHall Kálffl 2/4

Vaðla, unidentified, possibly a river flowing into Oslofjorden — Þjóð Yt 23/11

Varrandi, possibly Guérande, Brittany, France — Sigv Víkv 14/6

Veiga, Vega, island in Hålogaland, Norway — ÞKolb Eirdr 9/5

Vendill, a district, either Vendel, north of Uppsala, Sweden or Vendsyssel, north of Limfjorden, Denmark — Þjóð Yt 15/8

Vestmarir, unidentified district in south-eastern Norway — Þjóð Yt 26/8

Vettaland, p. n. probably in Bohuslän, present-day Sweden — Brúlf Lv 1/2

Vík, Viken, area around Oslofjorden (Øst- and Vestfold), Norway — Eskál Vell 16/4, Sigv Nesv 1/1

Viljámsbœr, possibly a p. n. in Spain — Sigv Víkv 11/6

Vína, the northern Dvina river, Russia — Glúmr Gráf 6/8, Eskál Vell 11/3

Vǫrvi, unidentified p. n. — Þjóð Yt 8/6

Þótn, Toten, district in Oppland, Norway — Þjóð Yt 22/8

Þrándheimr, Trøndelag, district in Norway — Þloft Glækv 2/4, HSt Rst 15/4

Ǫgló, unidentified p. n. near Skatval, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway — Eyv Hál 9/8

 
6. Miscellaneous Names

Barði ‘Prow, Beak’, a ship belonging to Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson — Hókr Eirfl 3/5, 5/6

Drekinn langi ‘the Long Serpent’ = Ormr inn langi — HSt Rst 23/4

Fáfnir = Ormr inn langi — Hókr Eirfl 3/8

Grábak ‘Grey-back’, serpent = Ormr inn langi — Anon Óldr 21/4

Hvítingar, drinking horns — ÓTr Lv 2/3

Jómsvíkingar see under Ethnic and Regional Names

Karlhǫfði ‘Man-head’, a ship belonging to Óláfr Haraldsson — Sigv Nesv 3/2

Lærir, a dog — Anon (Vǫlsa) 13/9

Linni ‘Serpent’ = Ormr inn langi — HSt Rst 18/2

Maurnir, uncertain identity — Anon (ÓTHkr) 1/1; for Maurnir as a phallic deity, see Mythical and Legendary Names

Naðr ‘Adder’ = Ormr — Hfr ErfÓl 10/1 (= Ormr inn langi), 16/4 (Naðrar = Ormr inn langi and Ormr inn skammi), Hókr Eirfl 8/6 (= Ormr inn langi), Anon Ól 4/6 (= Ormr inn langi)

Ormr inn langi ‘the Long Serpent’, a ship belonging to Óláfr TryggvasonHfr ErfÓl 10/5 (twice), 17/1, 24/5, Hókr Eirfl 3/4, 4/4, 5/8, 8/4, HSt Rst 15/6, 19/4, 21/4, 22/4, 29/8, Anon Óldr 19/6, Anon Ól 6/2 (see also Drekinn langi, Fáfnir, Grábak, Linni, Naðr)

Rekstefja, possibly ‘Split-refrain’, name of a poem HSt Rst 1/4

Trani ‘Crane’, a ship belonging to Óláfr TryggvasonHfr ErfÓl 16/2

Tøgdrápa, possibly ‘Journey drápa’, name of a poem (or a type of poem) — Þloft Tøgdr 8/4

Visundr ‘Bison’, a ship belonging to Óláfr Haraldsson — Sigv ErfÓl 3/8, Anon (ÓH) 1/2

Vǫlsi see Mythical and Legendary Names

 
7. Indigenous Terms

drápa, a long encomiastic skaldic poem with stef ‘refrain(s)’ — HSt Rst 34/7, 35/4

einherjar, slain warriors dwelling in Valhǫll — Eyv Hák 16/1, Anon Eirm 1/5

flokkr, a long encomiastic skaldic poem without stefHSt Rst 34/4

fylki, a district and community centred around a þing (legal assembly) — Eskál Vell 13/1

hersir (pl. hersar), a Norwegian nobleman of a lesser rank than a jarl, district chieftain — Þjóð Yt 12/10, Edáð Banddr 1/4, ÞKolb Eirdr 9/2, Sigv ErfÓl 13/6, 20/2, 28/3

mara, a mythical being which causes nightmares — Þjóð Yt 3/12

miðjungr, a supernatural being, possibly an intermediary between gods and giants — Eskál Vell 28/2, 34/2

slœmr ‘cut, tailpiece’, the third and final part of a poem — HSt Rst 24/2

tvískelfðr ‘twice-shaken’, composed in tvískelft, a variant of the dróttkvætt metre — HSt Rst 35/4

tøgdrápa see Miscellaneous Names

ulfheðinn ‘wolf-skin’, a term for a berserk — Þhorn Harkv 21/1

þingamaðr ‘retainer, warrior’ (precise application uncertain) — ÞKolb Eirdr 14/6

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