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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gestumblindi (Gestumbl)

volume 8; ed. Margaret Clunies Ross;

Heiðreks gátur (Heiðr) - 37

not in Skj

Heiðreks gátur (‘Riddles of Heiðrekr’) — Gestumbl HeiðrVIII (Heiðr)

Not published: do not cite (Gestumbl HeiðrVIII (Heiðr))

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Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII]: D. 5. Heiðreks gátur, Gestumblindes gåder (AII, 221-8, BII, 240-7); stanzas (if different): 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38

SkP info: VIII, 446

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

32 — Gestumbl Heiðr 32VIII (Heiðr 79)

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Hannah Burrows (ed.) 2017, ‘Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks 79 (Gestumblindi, Heiðreks gátur 32)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 446.

Hverjar eru þeir þegnar,         er ríða þingi at
        sáttir allir saman?
Lýða sína
        senda þeir lönd yfir
        at byggja bólstaði.
Heiðrekr konungr,         hyggðu at gátu.

Hverjar eru þeir þegnar, er ríða allir saman sáttir at þingi? Þeir senda lýða sína yfir lönd at byggja bólstaði. Heiðrekr konungr, hyggðu at gátu.

Who are those thanes, who all ride together reconciled to the assembly? They send their men over lands to settle homesteads. King Heiðrekr, think about the riddle.

Mss: 2845(71v), 281ˣ(100v), 597bˣ(51r), R715ˣ(28r) (ll. 1-6) (Heiðr)

Readings: [1] þegnar: ‘þeguar’ R715ˣ    [2] ríða: ráða R715ˣ;    þingi: landi R715ˣ;    at: ‘all’ R715ˣ    [3] sáttir allir: ok eru sextán 281ˣ, 597bˣ    [4] Lýða: lýdi 281ˣ, 597bˣ;    sína: om. R715ˣ    [5] lönd: land R715ˣ    [6] byggja: sigra menn R715ˣ;    bólstaði: ‘sierhuoria’ R715ˣ    [7-8] abbrev. as ‘h k’ 2845, abbrev. as ‘heidr: k:’ 281ˣ, abbrev. as ‘h K:’ 597bˣ

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], D. 5. Heiðreks gátur 12: AII, 223, BII, 242, Skald II, 125-6; Heiðr 1672, 146, FSN 1, 473, Heiðr 1873, 259, 337-8, Heiðr 1924, 67, 79, 134, FSGJ 2, 43, Heiðr 1960, 37; Edd. Min. 118.

Notes: [All]: Heiðrekr’s response is (Heiðr 1960, 37): þat er Ítrekr ok Andaðr, er þeir sitja at tafli sínu ‘That is Ítrekr and Andaðr, when they sit at their tafl-board’. The H redaction has (Heiðr 1924, 79): þat er tafl Ítreks konungs ‘That is King Ítrekr’s tafl’. On tafl or hnefatafl see Heiðr 66, Note to [All]. One Ítreksjóð (lit. ‘offspring of Ítrekr’) appears in Þul Ása I 1/8III, names for Óðinn’s sons (cf. SnE 1998, I, 113), suggesting Ítrekr is an Óðinn-name. An Anduðr or Ǫnduðr appears in a list of heiti for giants in the same text (SnE 1998, I, 111; Þul Jǫtna I 4/6III). Further details of such a skill-contest have not survived, but are not dissimilar to the wisdom-contests between gods and giants in e.g. Vafþr or Alv. — [All]: Cf. Heiðr 66 and 73, which both also refer to aspects of the game tafl. — [1-2]: Ms. R715ˣ has these two lines (with a slight variation in l. 1) at the beginning of Heiðr 83. — [2] at þingi ‘to the assembly’: Ms. R715ˣ has the variant ‘landi all’, which does not make grammatical sense and lacks alliteration with l. 1. — [3]: The H redaction has: ok eru sextán saman ‘and are sixteen together’, which is adopted by Edd. Min. On a 7x7 hnefatafl board there would be sixteen attackers.

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