Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Máríuvísur II (Mv II) - 24

not in Skj

Máríuvísur II (‘Vísur about Mary II’) — Anon Mv IIVII

Kari Ellen Gade 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Máríuvísur II’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 701-17.

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Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV]: [B. 5]. En digt om et andet Maria-jærtegn, Máríuvísur II (AII, 492-6, BII, 532-38)

SkP info: VII, 712

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

16 — Anon Mv II 16VII

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Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur II 16’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 712.

‘Líknarinnar lofað tákn,
líttu hier á barn frítt;
— það er minning — miskunn
mínu holdi gaf þín.
Móðurnafn og minn heiðr
mist hefi eg nú tvist;
vel máttu, björt, böl
bæta mier, frúin sæt.

‘{Lofað tákn líknarinnar}, líttu hier á frítt barn; það er minning; miskunn þín gaf holdi mínu. Móðurnafn og heiðr minn hefi eg nú mist, tvist; máttu vel bæta mier böl, björt, sæt frúin.

‘{Praised sign of compassion} [= Mary], look here at the beautiful child; that is a remembrance; your mercy gave [it] to my flesh. The name of mother and my honour I have now lost, mournful; you can easily put right the misfortune for me, bright, sweet lady.

Mss: 713(87), 721(13v-14r)

Readings: [1] lofað: so 721, lofuð 713    [5] minn heiðr: ‘[...]ieðr’ 721    [7] björt: borið 721    [8] frúin: so 721, meyjan 713

Editions: Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV], [B. 5]. En digt om et andet Maria-jærtegn 16: AII, 494, BII, 536, Skald II, 294, Metr. §19; Kahle 1898, 41, Sperber 1911, 12-13, 63, Wrightson 2001, 62.

Notes: [1] lofað ‘praised’: The adj. modifies tákn (n. nom. sg.) ‘sign’ and lofuð (so 713) is n. pl. — [1] tákn líknarinnar ‘sign of compassion [= Mary]’: For terms of this type, see Schottmann (1973, 66-7). — [3] það er minning ‘that is a remembrance’: The syntax of ll. 3-4 is difficult. In the present edn, það er minning ‘that is a remembrance’ is taken as a separate cl., followed by another main cl. Skj B treats ll. 3-4 as one cl., which is translated as det som din nåde skænkede mit legeme som minde (?) ‘that which your mercy gave my body as a memory (?)’. The syntax of that cl. is unclear. Presumably minning ‘memory’ is taken as a dat. (though one would expect a -u ending), but it is difficult to see what type of construction that could be. Wrightson gives the translation ‘which is a remembrance your mercy gave to my flesh’. Her reading presupposes a relative cl. without rel. particle and dem. (‘a remembrance which your mercy gave to my flesh’). Because the l. starts with an unstressed syllable, Skald reverses the initial w.o. (see Introduction above), but reads minnig er þat, where the adj. minnig (f. nom. sg.) ‘of good memory’ replaces the noun minning ‘remembrance, memory’ (so also Sperber), modifying miskunn (f. nom. sg.) ‘mercy’: ‘which your mercy of good memory gave to my flesh’. — [8] frúin ‘the lady’: Meyjan ‘the Virgin’ (so 713) is syntactically possible, but unmetrical, because the word in penultimate position must be monosyllabic or consist of two short syllables.

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