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Runic Dictionary

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Máríuvísur I (Mv I) - 29

Máríuvísur I (‘Vísur about Mary I’) — Anon Mv IVII

Kari Ellen Gade 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Máríuvísur I’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 678-700.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29 

Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV]: [B. 4]. Et digt om Marias jærtegn, Máríuvísur I (AII, 487-92, BII, 526-32)

SkP info: VII, 695

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23 — Anon Mv I 23VII

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Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur I 23’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 695.

Máttr var móður dróttins
mjög ríkr um frú slíka
sýndr með sætleik reyndum
sveit í loganum heita.
Þann gaf þessi kvinnu
þrótt óskamey dróttins;
hosk sat Bil í báli
baugstalls um dag allan.

Mjög ríkr máttr {móður dróttins} var sýndr sveit með reyndum sætleik um slíka frú í loganum heita. {Óskamey dróttins} gaf þann þrótt þessi kvinnu; {hosk Bil {baugstalls}} sat í báli um allan dag.

The very mighty power {of the mother of the Lord} [= Mary] was revealed to the crowd with proven kindness concerning that lady in the hot flame. {The wish-maiden of the Lord} [= Mary] gave that fortitude to this woman; {the wise Bil <goddess> {of the ring-seat}} [ARM > WOMAN] remained in the fire all day.

Mss: 721(13r)

Readings: [7] Bil: brúðr 721;    báli: om. 721

Editions: Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV], [B. 4]. Et digt om Marias jærtegn 23: AII, 490-1, BII, 531, Skald II, 291, NN §2867; Kahle 1898, 36, 98, Sperber 1911, 6, 60, Wrightson 2001, 51.

Notes: [6] óskamey dróttins ‘the wish-maiden of the Lord [= Mary]’: For terms of this type, see Schottmann (1973, 95). — [7, 8] Bil baugstalls ‘the Bil <goddess> of the ring-seat [ARM > WOMAN]’: This emendation is conjectural. Baugstalls ‘of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is clearly a determinant in a kenning for woman (see Meissner 420). However, brúðr ‘woman’ (so 721) cannot function as a base-word in such a kenning. Skj B emends to brú ‘bridge’ and reads brú baugstalls ‘the bridge of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘woman’), but brú ‘bridge’ is unattested as a base-word in a kenning for woman (see LP: brú). Bil, on the other hand, is a common base-word in such kennings (see LP: Bil) and in keeping with the other woman-kennings in Mv I (see also st. 14/6: auðar-Bil ‘wealth-Bil’ i.e. ‘woman’). — [7] í báli ‘in the fire’: The noun is missing in 721 and must be supplied from the context. Skj B suggests í báli ‘in the fire’, which is supported by the parallel construction in st. 19/7-8 above: sat í báli miðju ‘sat in the middle of the fire’. The present emendations to Bil and í báli ‘in the bonfire’ have the advantage of restoring the missing internal rhymes. Kock (Skald; NN §2867) assumes that the alliteration in ll. 7-8 is on the letter h- (hosk ‘wise’) rather than on b- (alleged scribal confusion between <b> and <h>) and he restores the ll. as follows: hosk sat brúðr í háska | haukstalds um dag allan ‘the wise bride of the warrior sat in danger all day’.

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