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Runic Dictionary

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(subheadings only)

 
1. Ethnic Names

A(f)fríkar, Africans — ÞjóðA Sex 3/5

Austr-Vinðr, the East Wends — ÞjóðA Run 1/5

Bolgarar, the Bulgars — ÞjóðA Sex 1/3

Danir, the Danes — Hharð Lv 10/2, ÞjóðA Magn 8/8, 12/4, ÞjóðA Sex 18/4, ÞjóðA Har 7/8, ÞjóðA Lv 4/3, Arn Hryn 10/8, Arn Magndr 17/2, Arn Hardr 3/2, Bǫlv Hardr 8/6, Valg Har 6/8, 9/4, Þfagr Sveinn 4/2, SnH Lv 7/4, Halli XI Fl 2/6, 3/2, Stúfr Stúfdr 5/4, Steinn Nizv 2/4, 7/2, Gísl Magnkv 15/6, Mark Eirdr 1/2, 27/8, 30/8, ESk Hardr I 1/8, ESk Hardr II 1/8, Sturl Hryn 3/2, 6/8, 10/2, 11/4, 17/4, 18/6, Sturl Hákfl 8/2, Anon (HSig) 1/2, Anon (HSig) 5/2

Dœlir, people from Gudbrandsdalen (ON Guðbrandsdalar/-ir), Norway — ESk Sigdr I 5/1, Anon Nkt 52/8

Egðir, people from Agder (ON Agðir), Norway — ÞjóðA Sex 7/5, Stúfr Stúfdr 3/3, Steinn Óldr 6/3, 8/1, Bkrepp Magndr 10/7, Þham Magndr 3/3, Rv Lv 18/3, Sturl Hryn 18/1, Sturl Hákfl 10/1

Englar, the English — Arn Þorfdr 16/1, 17/1, Arn Hardr 7/1, Steinn Óldr 2/6, 5/1, 12/7, 14/7, Þstf Stuttdr 3/1, ESk Run 6/6, Anon Nkt 24/8

Eydanir ‘Island-Danes’, people from the Dan. islands — Arn Hardr 6/2, Mark Eirdr 22/8

Falstrbyggvar, inhabitants of Falster (ON Falstr), Denmark — Arn Magndr 17/4

Filir, people from Fjaler (ON Fjalir), Sunnfjord, Norway — Grani Har 1/5, Steinn Óldr 1/5, 8/6, Anon (Sv) 1/3

Finnar, the Saami — ÞjóðA Sex 15/8, Sturl Hryn 14/4

Finnr, a Saami — Hskv Útdr 10/3

Firðir, people from Sogn og Fjordane (ON Firðir), Norway — Anon (Sv) 1/4

Fjónbyggvar, inhabitants of Fyn (ON Fjón), Denmark — Arn Hardr 1/4

Foldungar, inhabitants of Folden (ON Foldin), districts around Oslofjorden, Norway — Anon (Hák) 1/6

Frakkar, the French, Franconians — Ill Har 3/1, Ív Sig 11/5

Frísir, the Frisians — SnH Lv 1/2

Gautar, people from Götaland (ON Gautland), Sweden — Arn Hardr 8/3,  Gísl Magnkv 17/6, Kolli Ingdr 3/2, Rv Lv 7/8, Sturl Hryn 2/2, 6/3, Sturl Hákfl 6/7, 7/5

Girkjar, the Greeks —ÞjóðA Sex 7/7, Arn Hardr 17/3, Stúfr Stúfdr 2/4 (see also Grikkjar)

Grikkjar, the Greeks — Ív Sig 11/4

Haðar, people from Hadeland (ON Haðaland), Norway — Gísl Magnkv 6/6

Háleygjar, people from Hålogaland (ON Háleygjaland), Norway — Ív Sig 26/4

Heinir, people from Hedmark (ON Heinmǫrk, Heiðmǫrk), Norway — ÞjóðA Sex 22/4, Arn Hardr 6/3

Hjaltar, people from Shetland (ON Hjaltland) — Arn Þorfdr 10/1, 22/7

Holmbúar see Hólmbúar

Hólmbúar, Island-dwellers — ÞjóðA Sex 21/1

Hollsetar, people of Holstein, North Germany — Hskv Hardr 2/7

Hringar, people from Ringerike (ON Hringaríki), Norway — ÞjóðA Sex 22/6

Hörðar see Hǫrðar

Hǫrðar, people from Hordaland (ON Hǫrðaland), Norway — ÞjóðA Sex 23/1, 29/4, Arn Hryn 3/5, Arn Magndr 1/8, 10/3, 16/3, Þfagr Sveinn 4/7, Þham Magndr 3/7, Bkrepp Magndr 1/3, Þstf Stuttdr 6/1, Ív Sig 13/3, Sturl Hákkv 26/3, Sturl Hákfl 2/2, Anon (Sv) 1/2

Innþrœndir, people from the inner parts of Trøndelag (ON Þrœndalǫg) — Þfagr Sveinn 2/4

Írar, the Irish — Arn Þorfdr 10/3

Íslendingar, the Icelanders — Anon Nkt 68/8

Jaðarbyggvar, inhabitants of Jæren (ON Jaðarr), Rogaland, Norway — Arn Magndr 3/6

Jótar, people from Jylland (ON Jótland), Denmark — ÞjóðA Sex 16/8, Arn Hryn 3/4, Arn Hardr 4/6, Grani Har 2/8, Þfagr Sveinn 10/7, Bkrepp Magndr 11/5, Mark Eirdr 24/8, Hskv Hardr 2/6, Ív Sig 18/4, 40/1, Sturl Hryn 4/7

Langbarðir, the Langobards, inhabitants of the Byzantine province of Langobardia in southern Italy — ÞjóðA Sex 5/2

Læsir, the Ljachar, people in Poland, western Slavs — ÞjóðA Run 1/7

Manverjar, people from the Isle of Man (ON Mǫn) — Bkrepp Magndr 9/4

Mœrir, people from Nord- and Sunnmøre (ON Mœrr), Norway — ÞjóðA Magnfl 17/6, Arn Hryn 8/4, Ív Sig 14/3, ESk Lv 1/1, Anon Nkt 50/6, Anon (Sv) 1/5

Nesþjóðir, inhabitants of Caithness (ON Katanes), northern Scotland — Sturl Hrafn 6/2

Norðmeðr, Norwegians — ÞjóðA Har 4/5 (see also Norðmenn)

Norðmenn, Norwegians — ÞjóðA Magn 6/8, 10/1, Steinn Nizv 5/8, Steinn Óldr 14/5, Þskakk  Erldr1/4, Sturl Hryn 5/8, Anon Harst 1/7

Norðmærir see Norðmœrir

Norðmœrir, people from Nordmøre (ON Norðmœri), Norway — Sturl Hrafn 19/2

Oddaverjar, people from the farmstead of Oddi, south-western Iceland — Anon Nkt 73/2

Partar, unidentified people, England — ESk Run 9/3

Raumar, people from Romerike (ON Raumaríki), Norway — ÞjóðA Sex 21/2, Arn Hardr 6/1, Steinn Óldr 5/4, 6/7, ESk Sigdr II 1/5, Sturl Hákfl 9/5

Renir, people from present-day Bohuslän (ON Ranríki), Sweden — ESk Run 3/5

Rygir, people from Rogaland, Norway — Arn Magndr 12/7, Gísl Magnkv 2/6, Anon (Sv) 1/2

Saxar, the Saxons — Mark Eirdr 11/2, Ív Sig 11/7

Selundbyggvar, inhabitants of Sjælland (ON Selund), Denmark — ÞjóðA Sex 24/2

Serkir, the Saracens — Hharð Lv 10/7, ÞjóðA Sex 2/7, Hskv Útdr 7/2, Sturl Hryn 21/1

Skánungar, people from Skåne (ON Skáney, Skáni), present-day Sweden — ÞjóðA Magnfl 5/8, ÞjóðA Magn 5/2, 11/4, Arn Magndr 14/2, ESk Hardr II, 1/4, Sturl Hákfl 9/4

Skotar, the Scots — Arn Þorfdr 7/4, 11/4, 14/4, Bkrepp Magndr 8/6, Gísl Magnkv 9/2, Ív Sig 5/4, 7/4

Skǭnungar see Skánungar

Svíar, the Swedes, people from Svealand (ON Svíþjóð, Svíaríki), Sweden, as opposed to Götaland — ÞjóðA Magn 14/6, ÞjóðA Sex 9/3, Gísl Magnkv 17/2, 18/3, Sturl Hryn 2/6, Sturl Hákkv 34/4, 38/7

Sygnir, people from Sogn, Norway — Sigv Berv 1/1, Arn Magndr 6/1, Arn Hardr 9/1, Bkrepp Magndr 2/1, Ív Sig 13/3, 32/2, Sturl Hryn 17/5, Anon Nkt 6/6, 34/6, 56/3, Anon (Sv) 1/3

Upplendingar, people from Oppland(ene) (ON Upplǫnd), Norway — Hharð Gamv 6/2, ÞjóðA Sex 19/4, Arn Hardr 5/2

Venðr see Vinðr

Vermir, people from Värmland (ON Vermaland), Sweden — Ólhv Hákdr 1/1, Sturl Hákkv 8/4

Víkverjar, inhabitants of Viken (ON Vík(in)), Norway — ESk Run 2/1

Vinðr, the Wends — Okík Magn 1/3, ÞjóðA Magnfl 6/5, 7/5, Arn Hryn 11/2, 11/6, 13/2, Arn Magndr 8/1, Þfagr Sveinn 1/5, Þfisk Lv 3/1, Mark Eirdr 4/1, 6/1, 13/1, 14/4, 20/2, 21/2, Ív Sig 19/1, 20/4, 21/6

Vǫrsar, people from Voss (ON Vǫrs), Norway — Bkrepp Magndr 1/1

Þrændir see Þrœndir

Þrœndir, people from Trøndelag (ON Þrœndalǫg), Norway — Hharð Gamv 1/1, ÞjóðA Magnfl 10/3, 16/1, 19/5, Þfagr Sveinn 8/5,  Þfisk Lv 3/3, Steinn Óldr 12/1, Bkrepp Magndr 1/5, 10/3, Þstf Stuttdr 3/5,  Þstf Lv 2/1, Ív Sig 8/2, 14/3, Kolli Ingdr 2/5, Ólhv Hryn 2/1, 7/3, Sturl Hákfl 8/7, Anon Nkt 30/6

 
2. Indigenous Terms

Danaveldi, the realm of the Danes, encompassing present-day Denmark plus regions now in present-day Sweden (Halland, Skåne) and North Germany (Schleswig) — ÞjóðA Magn

dís, minor female deity — Játg Lv l. 7, Sturl Hákkv 22/8

drápa, long encomiastic skaldic poem with stefSnH Lv 7/3

herað (pl. herǫð), district (administrative district), rural community (as opposed to township) — Bkrepp Magndr 1/8, Gísl Magnkv 5/4, 17/7

hersir (pl. hersar), a Norw. nobleman of a lesser rank than a jarl, district chieftain — ÞjóðA Frag 5/2, Þfagr Sveinn 4/1, Gísl Magnkv 6/5, Mark Eirdr 22/5, 26/4, 28/8, Ív Sig 24/5, Ólhv Hryn 3/3, 7/1, Sturl Hrafn 19/4, Sturl Hákfl 6/3, Anon Nkt 11/6

leiðangr, conscripted fleet of warships — ÞjóðA Har

lest, unit of measurement c. 1250 kg in weight — Mark Eirdr 28/3

þingamaðr, soldier serving in the Engl. army of Knútr Sveinsson — Úlfr Lv l. 8

þula (pl. þulur), a list of poetic synonyms (heiti) in metrical form — SnH Lv 7/2

 
3. Mythical and Legendary Names

Alfaðir, a name for the god Óðinn — Arn Þorfdr 1/3

Áli, a son of Óðinn, a sea-king, a legendary king — Hskv Útdr 12/1

Ánarr, father of Jǫrð ‘earth’ — ÞjóðA Sex 3/6

Atall, a sea-king — Gísl Magnkv 20/4

Áti, a sea-king — Oddi Lv 4/7

Aurnir, a giant — Sturl Hákkv 16/8, Anon (HSig) 8/3

Austri, a dwarf — Arn Þorfdr 24/3

Baldr, a god, son of Óðinn — Hharð Lv 5/1, ÞjóðA Har 2/2, Arn Þorfdr 14/3, Bkrepp Magndr 3/6, Oddi Lv 1/4, Sturl Hryn 4/6, Anon Nkt 26/5

Báleygr, a name for Óðinn — Gísl Magnkv 1/7

Bil, a goddess — Oddi Lv 2/5

Bjarki, Bǫðvarr, a legendary Dan. hero — Rv Lv 14/5

Buðli, a legendary king, a sea-king — Ill Har 4/3, Þfagr Sveinn 3/3

Endill, a sea-king — Arn Þorfdr 22/5, Þstf Stuttdr 5/2

Fenrir, a wolf, son of the god Loki — Sturl Hákkv 21/5

Fjǫlnir, a name for Óðinn — Hskv Útdr 1/2

Freyr, a god — ÞjóðA Magn 7/3, Rv Lv 13/3 

Fróði, a legendary Dan. king — Mark Eirdr 5/8, Rv Lv 15/2

Garmr, a dog in ON myth — ESk Run 7/8

Gautr, a name for Óðinn — ÞjóðA Magn 2/2, ÞjóðA Sex 29/3, Þfagr Sveinn 5/7, Rv Lv 11/3, Sturl Hákkv 17/4, Sturl Hrafn 17/7

Gefn, a name for the goddess Freyja — Mgóð Lv 2/6, ÞjóðA Magn 7/4

Geirrøðr, a giant — ÞjóðA Lv 5/8

Gerðr, a goddess, originally a giantess — Hharð Gamv 1/7, 2/7, 3/7, 5/7, 6/7, Hharð Lv 4/3, Mberf Lv 5/3

Geri, one of Óðinn’s wolves — ÞjóðA Sex 31/1

Gestill, a sea-king — Sturl Hrafn 3/2

Gjallarbrú, a bridge in ON myth — Sturl Hákkv 24/2

Gjúki, a legendary king — Arn Hryn 9/7

Gjǫll, a river in ON myth — Sturl Hákkv 21/3

Glammi, a sea-king — Arn Magndr 9/2

Glaumr, a legendary horse — ESk Elfv 1/4

Gríðr, a giantess or troll-woman — Stúfr Stúfdr 1/3, Þskakk Erldr 2/2

Grímnir, a name for Óðinn — Rv Lv 7/3

Gunnr, a valkyrie — Þfagr Sveinn 5/4, ESk Ingdr 3/5

Gǫndul, a valkyrie — Hskv Útdr 7/7, Ólhv Hryn 11/5, Sturl Hákfl 10/8

Haddingr, a legendary hero, brother of Angantýr — Hskv Hardr 2/2

Hálfr, a legendary king — ÞjóðA Sex 22/8, Þfagr Sveinn 5/8

Hamðir, a legendary hero — Hjǫrtr Lv 1/6

Hárr, a name for Óðinn — Steinn Óldr 15/8, ESk Hardr I 2/2, Anon Nkt 17/4

Heðinn Hjarrandason, a legendary king — ÞjóðA Magnfl 8/6

Hel, daughter of the god Loki, presiding over the realm of the dead and/or place where the dead ‘live’ — ÞjóðA Sex 16/7

Hildr, a valkyrie — Hharð Lv 14/3, ÞjóðA Sex 2/6

Hlín, a goddess, perhaps a name for Frigg — Mberf Lv 5/2, Rv Lv 21/2

Hlǫkk, a valkyrie — Hharð Lv 14/7, Arn Hryn 14/3, Grani Har 1/3, Rv Lv 6/5

Hnikarr, a name for Óðinn — Ólhv Hryn 11/6

Hrafn, a legendary horse — ÞjóðA Magnfl 12/4

Hrammi, a name for Óðinn — ÞjóðA Magnfl 14/1

Hrist, a valkyrie — ESk Sigdr I 5/3

Hroptr, a name for Óðinn — Sturl Hrafn 12/4

Hrotti, a legendary sword — Anon Nkt 22/3

Huginn, a raven belonging to Óðinn — Arn Þorfdr 5/4, Grani Har 2/4, Gísl Magnkv 19/2, ESk Run 6/5

Hǭarr see Hárr

Hǫgni, a legendary hero, a king, a sea-king — Arn Magndr 13/6, Mberf Lv 3/7, Þstf Lv 3/7, Sturl Hákkv 22/7

Hǭolfr see Hálfr

Imð(r), a troll-woman — Gísl Magnkv 1/5

Jarnsaxa, a giantess — ÞjóðA Run 2/2

Kraki ‘Pole-ladder’, Hrólfr, a legendary Dan. king — ÞjóðA Sex 27/6, Grani Har 1/2, Þstf Stuttdr 1/8

Laufi, a sword belonging to Bǫðvarr bjarki — Bkrepp Magndr 11/1

Meiti, a sea-king — Arn Hryn 18/2

Miðgarðr, a stronghold, the world of men in ON myth — Arn Hardr 16/2, Þfagr Sveinn 7/2

Mist, a valkyrie — Anon Nkt 69/4

Muninn, a raven belonging to Óðinn — Kolli Ingdr 5/4

Njǫrðr, a god — ÞjóðA Lv 3/5, Arn Rǫgndr 1/3, SnH Lv 5/3, Sturl Hrafn 18/4

Rakni, a sea-king — Þfagr Sveinn 2/2

Rán, a goddess, wife of Ægir and personification of the sea — SnH Lv 6/3, Rv Lv 16/4

Randverr (-vér), a sea-king — Sturl Hákkv 34/7

Rindr, a giantess, consort of Óðinn — ÞjóðA Sex 3/3, Oddi Lv 1/3

Róði, a sea-king — HSn Lv 1/2

Ræfill, a sea-king — Rv 31/1

Rǫgnir, a name for Óðinn — Þfagr Sveinn 6/3

Rǭn see Rán

Sif, a goddess, wife of Þórr — Rv Lv 12/1

Sigarr, a legendary king — Hskv Hardr 3/6

Sigurðr Fáfnisbani ‘Slayer of Fáfnir’, a legendary hero — ÞjóðA Lv 6/1

Skǫgul, a valkyrie — Sigm Lv 1/2

Sól, a goddess, personification of the sun — Þham Lv 1/3

Sviðrir, a name for Óðinn — Rv Lv 22/8

Svǫlnir, a name for Óðinn — Rv Lv 13/3, Sturl Hákkv 20/7

Týr, a god — Sturl Hákkv 16/3, 18/7

Ullr, a god — ÞjóðA Frag 3/2, Rv Lv 18/3, Sturl Hryn 15/6

Urðr, a norn of fate — Anon (HSig) 7/8, 9

Vakr, a horse — Rv Lv 31/1

Valr, a horse — Arn Hryn 19/4, Þfagr Sveinn 7/7, ESk Sigdr I 1/7, Ólhv Hryn 8/6

Ván, a river in ON myth — Hskv Útdr 2/2, Rv Lv 22/6

Vár, a goddess — Rv Lv 13/3

Viðurr, a name for Óðinn — Gísl Magnkv 10/7

Vimur, a river in ON myth — ESk Sigdr I 1/7

Vǭn see Ván

Vǭr see Vár

Yggr, a name for Óðinn — Hharð Gamv 4/2, ÞjóðA Sex 28/4, Arn Hryn 5/2, 6/2, 15/2, Arn Magndr 11/5,  ÞSkall Valfl 1/3, Þstf Stuttdr 6/6, Rv Lv 11/7, Árm Lv 1/3, Anon Nkt 23/4, 42/6

Ymir, a giant — Arn Magndr 19/4

Yrsa, a legendary queen — ÞjóðA Sex 27/1

Þórr, a god — ÞjóðA Lv 5/2

Þróttr, a name for Óðinn — Arn Þorfdr 22/8, Hskv Útdr 7/8, Sturl Hákfl 11/1

Þundr, a name for Óðinn — Sturl Hrafn 20/7, Anon Nkt 8/2, 17/8

 
4. Nicknames

(for full information, see Personal Names)

Aðalsteinsfóstri ‘Foster-son of Aðalsteinn’, Hákon inn góði — Sigv Berv 5/5, 8

berfœttr ‘Barelegs’, Magnús Óláfsson — Anon Nkt 43/1, 66/3

blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’, Eiríkr Haraldsson — Anon Nkt 10/3

breiðskeggi see breiðskeggr

breiðskeggr ‘Broad-beard’, Þorleifr, Norw. royal pretender (d. 1191) — Blakkr Breiðdr 1/2, 2/2

inn digri ‘the Stout’, Óláfr Haraldsson — Sigv Berv 16/3, ÞjóðA Magn 1/2, Arn Hryn 13/7, Anon Nkt 28/4, Anon (HSig) 9/2

fǫruskeifr ‘Shore-skewed’, Árni — Þstf Lv 3/2, 3/7

af Fljóðum ‘from Fløan’, Ívarr — ESk Lv 1/7

fóstri ‘Fosterer’, Þorkell Sumarliðason, a man from Orkney —  Ív Sig 2/7

inn fróði ‘the Learned’, Sæmundr Sigfússon — Anon Nkt 36/8

inn gamli ‘the Old’, Rǫgnvaldr Eysteinsson — Arn Þorfdr 16/8

gapamunnr ‘Gaping-mouth’, Erlendr — ESk Lv 2/4

gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Haraldr Magnússon — Anon Nkt 55/2

glæsirófa ‘Show-tail’, Styrkárr — Ív Sig 28/4

inn góði ‘the Good’, Magnús Óláfsson — Anon Nkt 34/4

inn góði ‘the Good’, Óláfr Magnússon — Anon Nkt 46/2

gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, Haraldr Gunnhildarson (Eiríksson) — Anon Nkt 16/5

inn grenski ‘the one from Grenland’, Haraldr Guðrøðarson — Anon Nkt 28/6

Gull-Haraldr ‘Gold-Haraldr’ Knútsson — Anon Nkt 16/10

hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, Haraldr Hálfdanarson — Anon Nkt 4/4

hrísi ‘Illigitimate’, Sigurðr Haraldsson — Anon Nkt 38/2, 38/6

Hvinngestr ‘Thief-guest’, father of Þórir, the half-brother of Magnús inn góði — Mgóð Lv 1/2, Hharð Lv 3/4

kringluaugi ‘Round-eye’, Kálfr — Ív Sig 31/6

kyrri ‘the Quiet’, Óláfr Haraldsson — Anon Nkt 40/4, 42/2

kœna ‘Little-boat’, Frírekr — Þskakk Erldr 3/3

mǫrstrútr ‘Lump of Lard’, Hákon Serksson — Þstf Lv 2/8

inn prúði ‘the Proud’, Hugi, Hugh of Shrewsbury — Bkrepp Magndr 11/4

inn rauði ‘the Red’, Auðun — Rv Lv 26/4

inn ríki ‘the Mighty’, Knútr Sveinsson, Cnut the Great — Anon Nkt 29/2

Rípa-Úlfr, Úlfr of Ribe, a Dane, one of Sveinn svíðandi’s counsellors — ESk Lv 3/8

inn skakki ‘the Tilting’, Erlingr Kyrpinga-Ormsson — Anon Nkt 61/6

skalpr see skálpr

skálpr ‘Sword-sheath’, Símun Hallkelsson — ESk Eystdr 2/4

skeifr see dǫruskeifr

Steigar-Þórir, Þórir of Steig, Þórir Þórðarson — Anon (Mberf) 1/4

svarti ‘the Black’, Hálfdan Guðrøðarson — Anon Nkt 3/6

svarti ‘the Black’, Þorbjǫrn — Oddi Lv 4/4

Svína-Grímr ‘Pig-Grímr’, a Norwegian — Ív Sig 29/4

sýr(r) ‘Sow’, Sigurðr Hálfdanarson — Mgóð Lv 1/5, Hjǫrtr Lv 1/3, Anon Nkt 38/7

Torf-Einarr, ‘Turf-Einarr’ Rǫgnvaldsson, son of Rǫgnvaldr jarl of Møre, jarl of Orkney — Arn Þorfdr 25/4,

ullstrengr ‘Wool-band’, Sigurðr, Norw. chieftain — Anon (Mberf) 3/1

Vatn-Ormr ‘Water-Ormr’ Dagsson, son of Dagr Eilísson, brother of Grégóríus — Anon (Hsona) 1/2

þambarskelfir ‘Paunch-shaker’(?), Einarr Eindriðason — Hharð Lv 6/3

þúfuskítur ‘Hillock-shit’, Ingi Magnússon — Anon (Sv) 5/3

 
5. Personal Names

Aðalbrikt, foster-father of Sigurðr slembidjákn — Ív Sig 1/2

Aðalsteinn, Æthelstan, foster-father of king Hákon inn góði, Engl. king (r. 924-39) — Sigv Berv 5/8, Anon Nkt 10/11

Áleifr see Óláfr

Aleinn, Alan, brother of King Dugald of the Hebrides — Sturl Hrafn 14/8

Alfífa see Álfífa

Álfífa, Ælfgifu (of Northampton), mother of Sveinn Álfífuson, mistress of Knútr inn ríki — ÞjóðA Magnfl 3/8, Anon Nkt 32/2

Ármóðr, Icel. poet — Árm Lv 1/8

Arni see Árni

Árni Arnmóðsson, father of Finnr — ÞjóðA Sex 18/8

Ása, woman from Orkney — Rv Lv 10/1

Ásbjǫrn, a Norwegian — Hskv Hardr 3/1

Ásta Guðbrandsdóttir, mother of Óláfr inn digri and Haraldr harðráði — Anon Nkt 39/2

Auðun inn rauði, Erlingr skakki’s forecastle man — Rv Lv 26/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Benteinn Kolbeinsson, Norw. district chieftain — Ív Sig 25/7

Bjarni inn illi ‘the Evil’, a Norwegian — Þskakk Erldr 3/8

Bjǫrn Sveinsson, son of Sveinn Úlfsson — Mark Eirdr 24/2

Bjǫrn Úlfsson, brother of Sveinn Úlfsson — Arn Magndr 14/1

Brúsi Sigurðarson, half-brother of Jarl Þorfinnr of Orkney and father of Rǫgnvaldr, jarl of Orkney (d. 1034) — Arn Lv 1/4

Dáfinnr, see Dávíð

Dagr Eilífsson, a Norwegian, father of Grégóríus Dagsson — ESk Ingdr 3/4

Dávíð, David, Scottish king (r. 1124-1153) — Ív Sig 3/4, 4/2

Dótta, daughter of the Dan. chieftain Þorkell geysir ‘Big-mouth’ — Grani Har 1/8

Egill Ásláksson or Áskelsson, Norw. district chieftain — Þham Magndr 1/4, Þham Lv 1/1, Gísl Magnkv 2/2, 6/3

Eilífr Rǫgnvaldsson, son of the Swed. Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Úlfsson — ÞjóðA Run 1/2

Einarr, man from Orkney — Rv Lv 11/1

Einarr rangmunnr ‘Wry-mouth’ Sigurðarson (d. 1020), half-brother of Jarl Þorfinnr of Orkney — Arn Þorfdr 5/7

Einarr Skúlason, Icel. poet — ESk Lv 3/2

Einarr þambarskelfir Eindriðason, Norw. district chieftain — Hharð Lv 6/2, 7/3 (see also under Nicknames)

Eirekr see Eiríkr

Eiríkr blóðøx Haraldsson, son of Haraldr hárfagri, Norw. king (r. 930-5) — Anon Nkt 10/1, 7, 11/1, 13/3 (see also under Nicknames)

Eiríkr eymuni ‘the Long-remembered’ Eiríksson, Dan. king (r. 1134-7) — Hskv Hardr 2/4

Eiríkr inn góði ‘the Good’ Sveinsson, son of Sveinn Úlfsson, Dan. king (r. 1095-1103) — Mark Eirdr 2/1, 5/3, 6/5, 7/7, 10/8, 11/1, 17/5, 20/4, 21/1, 28/6

Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson, son of Hákon Sigurðarson, jarl of Lade, Norw. ruler (d. c. 1023) — Anon Nkt 18/4, 21/5, 23/3, 24/2, 25/7

Eiríkr Magnússon, son of Magnús lagabœtir, Norw. king (r. 1280-99) — Anon Mlag 3/2

Eiríkr plógpenningr ‘Plough-penny’ Valdimarsson, Dan. king (r. 1232-50) —Sturl Magndr 2/5

Ella, Ælle, Northumbrian king (d. 867) — ÞjóðA Magnfl 6/6, ESk Hardr II 3/1

Engus, Angus, lord of Kintyre, Scotland — Sturl Hrafn 7/6

Erlendr gapamunnr, a Norwegian — ESk Lv 2/1 (see also under Nicknames)

Erlingr inn skakki Kyrpinga-Ormsson, father of Magnús Erlingsson, Norw. jarl (d. 1179) — Rv Lv 24/1, Þskakk Erldr 3/2, Anon Nkt 61/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Erlingr steinveggr ‘Stone-wall’ Magnússon, king of the Baglar (d. 1207) — Sturl Hákfl 3/5

Ermingerðr, Viscountess of Narbonne — Rv Lv 16/1, 17/4, 20/8, Oddi Lv 2/2, Árm Lv 3/1

Eysteinn Haraldsson, son of Haraldr gilli(-kristr), Norw. king (r. 1142-57) — ESk Harsonkv 1/1, ESk Ingdr 4/6, Anon Nkt 56/5, 59/1

Eysteinn Magnússon, son of Magnús berfœttr, Norw. king (r. 1103-22) — Þham Magndr 5/4, Gísl Magnkv 20/3, Anon Nkt 44/6, 47/4

Fiðr see Finnr

Finnr Árnason, son of Árni Arnmóðsson, Norw. district chieftain — ÞjóðA Sex 18/8

Finnr Úlfsson, a Norwegian — Ív Sig 30/1

Frírekr kœna, a Norwegian — Þskakk Erldr 3/6 (see also under Nicknames)

Giffarðr, Giffard, Norman knight — Eldj Lv 1/8, 2/8, Anon (Mberf) 5/2

Gormr Hǫrðaknútsson, Dan. king (r. C10th) — Anon Nkt 16/9

Guðrøðr crovan ‘Little-hand’, father of Lǫgmaðr, king of the Hebrides, the Isle of Man, and parts of Ireland (d. 1095) — Bkrepp Magndr 10/2

Gull-Haraldr Knútsson, Dan. royal pretender (C10th) — Anon Nkt 16/10 (see also under Nicknames)

Gunnhildr, wife of Eiríkr blóðøx and mother of Haraldr gráfeldr — Anon Nkt 16/6

Hákon inn góði Aðalsteinsfóstri Haraldsson, son of Haraldr hárfagri, Norw. king (d. 960/1) — Sigv Berv 5/4, Anon Nkt 10/13, 12/3, 14/8 (see also under Nicknames)

Hákon Hákonarson, Norw. king (r. 1217-63) — Sturl Hákkv 25/3

Hákon herðibreiðr ‘Broad-shoulder’ Sigurðarson, son of Sigurðr munnr, Norw. king (r. 1161-2) — ESk Elf 2/8, Anon Nkt 60/5, 61/1, 62/4, Anon (MErl) 1/7

Hákon Ívarsson, Norw. nobleman, Dan. jarl — ÞjóðA Lv 9/7

Hákon jarl Eiríksson, son of Eiríkr Hákonarson, jarl of Lade, Norw. ruler (d. 1029) — Anon Nkt 25/4, 26/1

Hákon jarl Sigurðarson, jarl of Lade, Norw. ruler (d. 995) — Anon Nkt 17/3, 18/8, 27/8

Hákon mǫrstrútr Serksson, a Norwegian, retainer of Sigurðr jórsalafari — Þstf Lv 2/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Hákon Þórisfóstri ‘Foster-son of Þórir’ Magnússon, son of Magnús Haraldsson, Norw. king (r. 1093-4) — Anon (Mberf) 1/1

Halfdan see Hálfdan

Hálfdan Sigurðarson, grandson of Haraldr hárfagri, father of Sigurðr sýr(r) — Anon Nkt 38/5, 8

Hálfdan svarti ‘the Black’ Guðrøðarson, father of Haraldr hárfagri, Norw. king (r. C9th) — Anon Nkt 3/6, 4/5, 5/6, 9/8, 65/8 (see also under Nicknames)

Halli, Sneglu-Halli, Icel. poet — Hharð Lv 9/1, ÞjóðA Lv 7/1

Haraldr gilli(-kristr) Magnússon, son of Magnús berfœttr, Norw. king (r. 1030-6) — Ív Sig13/4, 36/3, Anon Nkt 53/8, 55/2 (see also under Nicknames)

Haraldr gráfeldr Gunnhildarson (Eiríksson), son of Eiríkr blóðøx and Gunnhildr, Norw. king (d. 976) — Anon Nkt 16/2, 17/2 (see also under Nicknames)

Haraldr inn grenski Guðrøðarson, father of Óláfr inn digri, grandson of Haraldr hárfagri (d. c. 995) — Sigv Berv 6/5, Anon Nkt 28/6, 31/8 (see also under Nicknames)

Haraldr harðráði ‘Hard-rule’ Sigurðarson, son of Sigurðr sýr(r) and Ásta, Norw. king (r. 1046-66) — ÞjóðA Magnfl 7/2, ÞjóðA Run 4/4, ÞjóðA Sex 6/4, 9/8, 21/4, 24/4, 25/2, 25/7, 28/4, ÞjóðA Har 7/1, ÞjóðA Frag 1/8, ÞjóðA Lv 10/7, 11/4, Arn Hardr 16/1, Ill Har 4/4, SnH Lv 2/2, 3/8, 10/4, Valg Har 5/4, 7/1, Þfagr Sveinn 3/4, 6/6, 7/8, Halli XI Fl 2/2, 3/8, 6/2, Úlfr Lv 1/2, Hjǫrtr Lv 1/8, 3/4, Stúfr Stúfdr 6/4, Steinn Nizv 3/2, 5/8, Gísl Magnkv 11/2, 20/6, Anon (HSig) 5/2

Haraldr hárfagri Hálfdanarson, son of Hálfdan svarti, Norw. king (d. 930) — Sigv Berv 15/7, Anon Nkt 4/3, 7/6, 9/2, 15/6, 36/4, 38/3, 39/3, 65/7 (see also under Nicknames)

Haraldr hein ‘Hone’ Sveinsson, son of Sveinn Úlfsson, Dan. king (r. 1074-80) — Mark Eirdr 10/1, Anon (Knýtl) 1/5

Heðinn harðmagi ‘Hard-belly’, a Norwegian — Ív Sig 31/3

Heiti Górsson, great-great-great-grandfather of Rǫgnvaldr Eysteinsson, a sea-king — Arn Rǫgndr 2/1

Hlǫðvir Þorfinnsson, grandfather of Jarl Þorfinnr Sigurðarson of Orkney — Arn Þorfdr 10/7

Hugi inn prúði, Hugh of Shrewsbury, English earl (d. 1098) — Bkrepp Magndr 11/4, Gísl Magnkv 13/8 (see also under Nicknames)

Hǭkon see Hákon

Hǭkun see Hákon

Hǫrðaknútr Knútsson, son of Knútr inn ríki and Álfífa, king of Denmark and England (d.1042) — Sigv Berv 17/2

Ingi Bárðarson, half-brother of Skúli, Norw. king (r. 1204-17) — Anon (Hák) 3/7

Ingi Haraldsson, son of Haraldr gilli(-kristr), Norw. king (r. 1136-61) — Ív Sig 36/8, Kolli Ingdr 4/5, Balti Sigdr 4/1, ESk Harsonkv 1/3, ESk Ingdr 2/1, Anon Nkt 56/6, 59/4, 60/2, 8, 61/10

Ingi Steinkelsson, Swed. king — Anon (Mberf) 4/1

Ingi þúfuskíter Magnússon, king of the Baglar (d. 1202) — Anon (Sv) 4/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Ingunnr, a woman — Anon (Sv) 3/2

Ívarr af Fljóðum, a Norwegian — ESk Lv 1/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Jarizleifr, Jaroslav, prince of Novgorod, Russia — ÞjóðA Run  3/1

Jarlmaðr, a minstrel — ESk Lv 5/2

Jóan see Jón.

Jón Árnason, father of Víðkunnr Jónsson — GullásÞ Víðdr 1/3, Anon (Mberf) 2/5

Jón Loptsson, grandson of Magnús berfœttr, son of Loptr Sæmundaron, Icel. chieftain (d. 1197) — Anon Nkt 67/6, 69/2, 74/7

Kalfr see Kálfr

Kálfr Árnason, brother of Finnr, Norw. district chieftain — Kolgr Ól 1/2, Anon Nkt 30/4

Kálfr kringluaugi, a Norwegian — Ív Sig 31/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Karkr, a slave, slayer of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson — Anon Nkt 18/5

Karl Hundason, a Scottish nobleman — Arn Þorfdr 6/1

Knútr Hákonarson galins, Norw. jarl (d. 1261) — Ólhv Lv 2/7, Sturl Hákfl 6/5,

Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson, Cnut the Great, son of Sveinn tjúguskegg, king of Denmark, England and Norway (d. 1035) — ÞjóðA Magnfl 15/7, Anon Nkt 29/2, 32/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Knútr Sveinsson, S. Knútr, son of Sveinn Úlfsson, Dan, king (r. 1080-6) — Mark Eirdr 4/6

Kristín Sigurðardóttir, mother of Magnús Erlingsson, daughter of Sigurðr jórsalafari — Anon Nkt 61/12, 63/2

Kristr, Christ — Stúfr Stúfdr 3/8, Mark Eirdr 12/4, Sturl Hákkv 3/1, Anon Nkt 31/3, 75/1

Kúgi, a man from Orkney — Rv Lv 5/4, 5

Loptr Sæmundarson, son of Sæmundr Sigfússon, Icel. chieftain — Anon Nkt 71/5, 72/5

Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson, son of Guðrøðr, king of the Hebrides, Man, and parts of Ireland — Bkrepp Magndr 10/4, Gísl Magnkv 9/7

Maddaðr Melmarason, earl of Atholl, Scotland — ESk Eystdr 1/2

Magnús berfœttr Óláfsson, son of Óláfr kyrri, Norw. king (r. 1093-1103) Þham Magndr 5/8, Gísl Magnkv 12/2, Ív Sig 10/8, 13/2, 14/8, 36/6, Anon Nkt 41/4, 42/5, 43/3, 44/2, 46/6, 73/8, Anon (Mberf) 1/7, Anon (Mberf) 6/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Magnús blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, son of Sigurðr jórsalafari, Norw. king (r. 1130-5) — Hskv Hardr 1/1, Ív Sig 34/8, 39/8, Kolli Ingdr 2/6, 4/3, Balti Sigdr 2/1, Anon Nkt 53/5, 54/9

Magnús Erlingsson, grandson of Sigurðr jórsalafari, son of Erlingr skakki and Kristín, Norw. king (r. 1161-84) — Anon Nkt 62/1, 64/3, Anon (MErl) 1/5, Anon (Sv) 3/4

Magnús inn góði Óláfsson, son of Óláfr inn digri, Norw. king (r. 1035-47) — Sigv Berv 4/2, 8/1, 15/5, 17/4, Þflekk Lv 1/2, Okík Magn 3/1, ÞjóðA Magnfl 7/6, 11/1, 12/2, 15/5, 18/3, 19/2, ÞjóðA Magn 9/4, 10/3, 13/5, ÞjóðA Frag 1/5, ÞjóðA Lv 1/4, Arn Hryn 3/1, Bǫlv Hardr 7/4, Anon Nkt 33/5, 34/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Magnús Haraldsson, son of Haraldr gilli(-kristr) — ESk Harsonkv 1/4

Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson, son of Hákon Hákonarson, Norw. king (r. 1263-1280) —Anon Mlag 2/1

Maktildr, Matilda, daughter of Malcolm of Scotland (?) — Mberf 3/2

Míkjál, Michael IV Katallaktos, Byzantine emperor (r. 1034-41) — Ill Har 4/1

Mǫrukári, Morcere, son of Ælfgar, earl of Northumbria — Steinn Óldr 1/4

Nereið, a Norwegian — Hskv Hardr 3/5

Oddr kíkinaskáld, poet — Okík Magn 3/3

Óláfr inn digri Haraldsson, S. Óláfr, son of Haraldr inn grenski and Ásta, Norw. king (d. 1030) — Sigv Berv 4/7, 6/4, 15/1, 16/1, ÞjóðA Magnfl 1/1, 5/5, ÞjóðA Magn 1/1, 9/1, ÞjóðA Sex 1/8, 10/6, Arn Hryn 14/2, Arn Magndr 3/3, 15/6, Arn Hryn 14/2, Arn Magndr 3/3, 15/6, Steinn Óldr 7/6, Anon Nkt 25/13, 26/4, 27/1, 28/3, 33/4, 39/16, 48/7 (see also under Nicknames)

Óláfr inn góði Magnússon, son of Magnús berfœttr, Norw. king (r. 1103-15) — Anon Nkt 46/1 (see also under Nicknames)

Óláfr Haraldsson kesju, a Dan. royal pretender (d. 1141) — Ív Sig 23/6

Óláfr kyrri Haraldsson, son of Haraldr harðráði and Þóra Þorbergsdóttir, Norw. king (r. 1066-93) — ÞjóðA Run 2/1, Steinn Óldr 5/8, 9/1, 12/8, 13/5, 14/8, 16/1, Bkrepp Magndr 4/4, Anon Nkt 40/4, 42/1, Anon (Ólkyrr) 1/2, Anon (Mberf) 1/5 (see also under Nicknames)

Óláfr Tryggvason, son of Tryggvi Óláfsson, Norw. king (r. 995-1000) — Sigv Berv 6/4, Anon Nkt 20/1, 21/1, 22/6

Páll inn ómálgi ‘the Taciturn’ Hákonarson, jarl of Orkney — Anon (Orkn) 1/8

Ragna, a woman from Orkney — Hbreiðm Lv 1/1

Rípa-Úlfr (see under Nicknames)

Rǫgnvaldr Brúsason, son of Jarl Brúsi Sigurðarson of Orkney, jarl of Orkney (r. 1035-1045/46) — Arn Rǫgndr 3/2

Rǫgnvaldr Eysteinsson, jarl of Møre, Norway, and the first jarl of Orkney (see also under Nicknames) — Arn Þorfdr 2/4, 16/7

Rǫgnvaldr Hallkelsson, a Norwegian — Anon (Hák) 1/1

Rǫgnvaldr Kali Kolsson, jarl of Orkney and poet (d. 1158) — Rv Lv 11/2, Oddi Lv 3/6

Serkr, father of Hákon Serksson — Þstf Lv 2/3

Sigfúss Loðmundarson, father of Sæmundr inn fróði — Anon Nkt 72/3

Sighvatr see Sigvatr

Sigurðr hrísi Haraldsson, son of Haraldr hárfagri, father of Hálfdan — Anon Nkt 38/2 (see also under Nicknames)

Sigurðr jarl Hávarðsson, a Norw. nobleman (d. 1163) — Anon (MErl) 1/4

Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ Magnússon, son of Magnús berfœttr, Norw. king (r. 1103-30) — Gísl Magnkv 19/4, Hskv Útdr 12/4, Anon Nkt 49/1, 50/4, 52/3, 53/6

Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’ Haraldsson, son of Haraldr gilli(-kristr), Norw. king (r. 1136-55) — ESk Harsonkv 1/2, ESk Sigdr II 1/4,  Anon Nkt 56/8, 58/2

Sigurðr slembir/slembidjákn ‘Fortuitous-deacon’ (?) Magnússon, son of Magnús berfœttr, Norw. king (r. 1136-8) — Ív Sig 3/2, 6/1, 9/7, 11/8, 16/8, 19/3, 33/2, 34/2, 35/6, 40/3, 43/5 44/2, Kolli Ingdr 4/8, Balti Sigdr 1/8

Sigurðr sýr(r) Hálfdanarson, king of Opplandene, Norway, father of Haraldr harðráði — Mgóð Lv 1/5, ÞjóðA Sex 31/4, Anon Nkt 38/7, 39/2 (see also under Nicknames)

Sigvatr Þórðarson, Icel. poet — Sigv Berv 1/2, 17/1

Sigvorðr see Sigurðr

Símun skálpr Hallkelsson, a Norwegian (d. 1162), the slayer of Eysteinn Haraldsson — ESk Eystdr 2/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Skjalgr see Skjálgr

Skjálgr af Jaðri ‘from Jæren’, a Norwegian rebel — Þham Magndr 1/6

Skúli Bárðarson, half-brother of Ingi, Norw. jarl and duke (d. 1240) — Sturl Hákkv 9/2, 13/7, Anon (Hák) 1/5, 3/1

Steigar-Þórir see Þórir Þórðarson

Steinkell, father of Ingi, Swed. king (d. 1066) — ÞjóðA Lv 9/4

Styrkárr glæsirófa, a Norwegian — Ív Sig 28/6 (see also under Nicknames)

Sunnifa, S. Sunnifa — Anon Nkt 64/8

Sveinn Álfífuson, son of Knútr inn ríki and Álfífa, Norw. king (r. 1029-35) — ÞjóðA Magnfl 3/5, Arn Magndr 3/2, 4/7, Anon Nkt 32/1

Sveinn Ásleifarson, a man from Orkney — Eir Lv 1/3

Sveinn jarl Hákonarson, son of Hákon Sigurðarson, jarl of Lade, Norw. ruler (r. 1013-15) — Anon Nkt 25/4, 27/4

Sveinn svíðandi ‘the Singeing’ Sveinsson, son of Sveinn Úlfsson, Dan. king (r. 1147-57) — ESk Lv 3/2

Sveinn tjúguskegg ‘Forkbeard’ Haraldsson, king of Denmark and England (d. 1014) — Mark Eirdr 21/8

Sveinn Úlfsson, son of Úlfr Þorgilsson, Dan. king (r. 1047-74) — ÞjóðA Magnfl 5/3, 17/4, 18/4, ÞjóðA Magn 2/1, 3/6, 7/2, 12/8, 13/6, ÞjóðA Sex 12/1, 17/4, 18/1, ÞjóðA Har 7/6, Arn Magndr 15/1, Arn Hardr 4/1, Bǫlv Hardr 7/8, Þfagr Sveinn 2/7, 3/6, 7/4, 8/3, 10/2, Halli XI Fl 2/3, 3/5, 6/2, Steinn Nizv 3/2, Steinn Óldr 7/1, Anon (HSig) 2/5, Anon (Knýtl) 1/3

Sverrir Sigurðarson, son of Sigurðr munnr, Norw. king (r. 1184-1202) —Nefari Lv 1/2, Ólhv Hryn 12/7, Anon Nkt 63/8, 65/2, Anon (Sv) 3/4

Svína-Grímr (see under Nicknames)

Sæmundr inn fróði Sigfússon, son of Sigfúss Loðmundarson, Icel. chieftain and historian (d. 1133) — Anon Nkt 36/7, 72/1 (see also under Nicknames)

Sǫlmundr Sigurðarson, a Norw. chieftain, kinsman of Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Kali — Rv Lv 18/4

Torf-Einarr (see under Nicknames)

Tryggvi Óláfsson, father of Óláfr Tryggvason, grandson of Haraldr hárfagri — Sigv Berv 6/6, Sturl Hákkv 1/3, Anon Nkt 20/2

Túta, a Frisian dwarf — SnH Lv 1/6

Ulfr see Úlfr

Úlfr, father of Finnr — Ív Sig 30/7

Úlfr stallari ‘Marshal’ Óspaksson, marshal of Haraldr harðráði — Steinn Úlffl 1/2

Úlfr Þorgilsson, father of Sveinn Úlfsson, Dan. jarl —ÞjóðA Magnfl 5/2, Þfagr Sveinn 5/1, Steinn Óldr 7/7

Valþjófr, Waltheof, earl of Huntingdon and Northumbria (d. 1076) — ÞSkall Valfl 2/1, Anon Harst 1/3

Vatn-Ormr Dagsson (see under Nicknames)

Vilhjalmr, see Vilhjálmr

Vilhjálmr, William the Conqueror, earl of Rouen, duke of Normandy and king of England (d. 1087) — ÞSkall Valfl 2/2

Vilhjálmr, William of Sabina, papal legate and cardinal — Sturl Hryn 1/1

Vilhjálmr skinnari ‘Tanner’, a Norwegian — Ív Sig 3/6, 27/4

Þjóðolfr see Þjóðólfr

Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Icel. poet — SnH Lv 9/2, 11/3

Þóra Magnússdóttir, daughter of Magnús berfœttr, mother of Jón Loptsson — Anon Nkt 67/2

Þóra Þorbergsdóttir, mistress of Haraldr harðráði — SnH Lv 10/2

Þórbjǫrn see Þorbjǫrn

Þorbjǫrn svarti, poet — Oddi Lv 4/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Þórfinnr see Þorfinnr

Þorfinnr Sigurðarson, jarl of Orkney (d. c. 1064) — Arn Þorfdr 23/4, 24/6

Þórir, half-brother of Magnús inn góði — Hharð Lv 3/1

Þórir flík ‘Flap of Garment’, a Norwegian — Játg Lv 1/4

Þórir hundr ‘Dog’ Þórisson, Norw. district chieftain, opponent of Óláfr inn digri — Anon Nkt 30/4

Þórir hvínanþorði ‘Whining-turd’ (?), companion of Óláfr Haraldsson kesju  — Ív Sig 23/2

Þórir Þórðarson, Steigar-Þórir, Norw. district chieftain, foster-father of Hákon Magnússon — Bkrepp Magndr 2/6, Þham Magndr 1/2, Gísl Magnkv 5/8, Anon (Mberf) 1/4, 2/3, 3/4 (see also under Nicknames)

Ǫnundr Símunarson, a Norwegian, foster-brother of Hákon herðibreiðr — Anon (MErl) 1/1

Ǫzurr Sveinsson, archbishop of Lund (d. 1137) — Mark Eirdr 25/6

Ǭláfr see Óláfr

Ǭleifr see Óláfr

 
6. Place Names

including river names, locations of battles and churches

Agðir, Agder, district in southern Norway — Ív Sig 24/3

Akrsborg, Acre, city in present-day Israel, harbour and stronghold of the Crusaders — ESk Sigdr I 3/8, Oddi Lv 4/8, Þsvart Lv 1/8

Alkasse, Alcácer do Sal, city south of Lisbon, Portugal — Hskv Útdr 4/2

Apardjón, Aberdeen, town in Scotland — ESk Run 5/4

Áróss, Århus, town in Jylland, Denmark — Okík Magn 1/8

Askr, Ask, farmstead in Ringerike, Norway — Ingimarr Lv 1/8

Bakki, Bakke in Trondheim, Norway — ESk Lv 4/6

Bár, Bari, town in Italy — Mark Eirdr 9/1

Bjarkey, Bjarkøy, island in Troms, Norway — Anon (Mberf) 2/1

Bjǫrgyn, Bergen, town in Hordaland, Norway — ESk Hardr II 2/3, ESk Ingdr 3/8, 4/7, Rv Lv 2/8, Máni Lv 1/2, Snæk Lv 1/7, Sturl Hákkv 25/15, Sturl Hákfl 11/2, Anon Nkt 55/11, 58/7, 64/5

Bláland ‘Dark-land’, North Africa — Bǫlv Hardr 5/4, Sjórs Lv 3/6, Sturl Hryn 21/4

Bót, Bute, island off the western coast of Scotland — Sturl Hrafn 10/3

Byrða, Børøya, island between Namdalen and Nordmøre, Norway — Ív Sig 28/2

Danmǫrk, Denmark — ÞjóðA Magn 9/6, 12/6, ÞjóðA Sex 10/4, Arn Magndr 5/8, 7/2, Þfagr Sveinn 10/8, Mark Eirdr 4/8, 25/1, Anon (Knýtl) 1/2, Anon (Hák) 3/3

Dollshellir, Dollsteinshola, cave on Sandsøya, Sunnmøre, Norway — Rv Lv 3/3

Dyflinn, Dublin, Ireland — Arn Þorfdr 23/4, Mberf Lv 6/2

Dýrnes, Deerness, peninsula on the east side of Mainland, Orkney — Arn Þorfdr 6/4

Ekkjall, the river Oykell, Scotland — Arn Þorfdr 9/6

Ekreyjar, Öckerö, island off the estuary of the Götaälv, Sweden — Sturl Hákfl 8/4

Elfr, the Götaälv, river in south-western Sweden (see also Gautelfr) — ÞjóðA Magnfl 5/1, ÞjóðA Har 7/2, Þfagr Sveinn 5/1, Þham Magndr 4/1, Gísl Magnkv 17/3, Ív Sig 22/1, 23/7, ESk Elfv 1/5, Sturl Hryn 5/5, 11/1, 14/8, Sturl Hákkv 37/1, Anon Nkt 6/10

England — Hharð Lv 11/5, Arn Hardr 10/5, Hjǫrtr Lv 3/8, ÞSkall Valfl 2/8, Anon Nkt 39/11, Anon (HSig) 4/5

Erri, Ærø, island in Denmark — Ív Sig 19/4

Eyjar, the Isles, Shetland, Orkney and the Hebrides — Arn Þorfdr 24/5

Eyrar, Øra, Trondheim, Norway — Sturl Hákkv 9/16

Eyra(r)sund, Øresund, the strait between Denmark and Sweden — Halli XI Fl 1/2, Sturl Hryn 16/8

it Eystra Salt, the Baltic Sea — Arn Hryn 4/2

Falstr, Falster, island in Denmark — Stúfr Stúfdr 5/1

Fenney, Venice, Italy — Mark Eirdr 8/4

Finnbygðir, the settlements of the Saami, North Norway — Sturl Hrafn 1/4

Finnmǫrk, Finnmark, district in North Norway — Anon Nkt 6/11

Fitjar, place on the island of Stord, Hordaland, Norway — Sigv Berv 5/1, Anon Nkt 13/2

Fjón, Fyn (Funen), island in Denmark — ÞjóðA Magn 6/6, 7/5, 13/3, Arn Magndr 18/1, Arn Hardr 1/3, Valg Har 7/5

Forminterra, Formentera, island in the Mediterreanen — Hskv Útkv 1/4

Fors, Foss, near Munkedal in present-day Bohuslän, Sweden — Anon Nkt 59/8

Foxerni, Fuxerna, near Lilla Edet, close to the Götaälv, Sweden, site of the battle of Fuxerna (c. 1101) — Eldj Lv 2/4

Frakkland, the kingdom of the Franks — Mark Eirdr 24/2

Fyrileifr, Färlev, near Foss in present-day Bohuslän, Sweden, site of the battle of Färlev (9 August, 1134) — Ingimarr Lv 1/2

Garðar, north-west Russia — Hharð Gamv 1/8, 2/8, 3/8, 5/8, 6/8, ÞjóðA Sex 9/2, Arn Rǫgndr 1/3, Arn Magndr 1/8, Arn Hardr 17/3, Bǫlv Hardr 1/8, Valg Har 5/3, Mark Eirdr 3/2, 4/2, Anon Nkt 33/2

Gaulardalr, Gauldalen, valley in Trøndelag, Norway — Anon Nkt 18/2

Gautelfr, the Götaälv, river in south-western Sweden (see also Elfr) — Sturl Hrafn 1/7

Geitkjǫrr, unidentified p. n. (Kärra?) in northern Halland, present-day Sweden — Sturl Hryn 7/8

Glaumsteinn, unidentified p. n. in Halland, present-day Sweden — Sturl Hryn 11/8

Goðnarfjǫrðr, the Randersfjord, fjord in Jylland, Denmark — Hharð Lv 4/3

Grenland, present-day Nedre Telemark and Bamble, Norway — Bkrepp Magndr 8/5

Grikkland, Greece — ÞSkegg Hardr 1/2

Griksalt, the Aegean Sea — ESk Sigdr I 3/4

Grímsbýr, Grimsby, town in England — Rv Lv 2/4

Hákarlastrǫnd, the beach from Nordnesodden to Tollbua in Bergen, Norway — Ólhv Hryn 2/8

Halland, district in present-day south-western Sweden, earlier a part of Denmark — Arn Hardr 2/7, Halli XI Fl 1/8, Steinn Nizv 3/6, Steinn Óldr 9/6, Bkrepp Magndr 1/4, Sturl Hryn 4/5, 7/5, 11/6

Hallvarðskirkja, Hallvardskirken, ‘Church of S. Hallvarðr’, Oslo, Norway — Anon Nkt 51/7-8

Hals, Hals by Limfjorden, Denmark — Anon Nkt 16/14

Harmr, Velfjorden, fjord in Nordland, Norway — Bkrepp Magndr 2/4

Haugr, Haug, royal farmstead near Stiklestad, Trøndelag, Norway — ÞjóðA Sex 1/1, Stúfr Stúfdr 1/6

Heiðabýr, -bœr, Hedeby, in North Schleswig, present-day Germany — ÞjóðA Magnfl 6/2, Þfagr Sveinn 1/3-4, 6/1, Anon (HSig) 2/4

Helganes, Helgenæs, peninsula near Århus in Jylland, Denmark — ÞjóðA Magnfl 17/2, Arn Hryn 15/4, Arn Magndr 12/2

Hísing, Hisingen, island in the Götaälv, Sweden — ESk Run 4/3

Hjaltland, Shetland — Arn Þorfdr 12/2

Hjartarpollr, Hartlepool, England — ESk Run 6/4

Hlaðir, Lade, in Trondheim, Norway — Gísl Magnkv 6/4

Hleiðr, Lejre, Sjælland, Denmark — Steinn Nizv 2/6

Hlésey, Læsø, island in Denmark — ÞjóðA Har 6/1, ESk Hardr I 2/4, ESk Hardr II 5/2-3

Holmr see Hólmr

Hólmr, Holmen, island in the bay of Bergen, Norway — HSn Lv 2/1

Hólmr inn gráni, Holmengrå, island in Hvaler, present-day Sweden — ESk Ingdr 1/1, 3

Hornskógr, forest near Hornslæt, Jylland, Denmark — Grani Har 1/4

Hrafnseyrr, Ravenseer/Ravenspurn, now Spurn Head, Yorkshire — Steinn Óldr 4/4

Hringaríki, Ringerike, district in Norway — Anon Nkt 5/4

Hringstaðir, Ringsted, Sjælland, Denmark — ÞjóðA Magn 4/8

Hróiskelda, Roskilde, town in Sjælland, Denmark — Valg Har 8/2

Hrott, Rott, island off Sola, Rogaland, Norway — Blakkr Lv 2/7

Hrund, Runde, island in Sunnmøre, Norway — ESk Run 10/2

Humra, the river Humber, England — Árm Lv 2/1

Hveðn, Hven, island in Denmark — ESk Hardr I 1, 3, ESk Hardr II 4/3

Hvítabýr, Whitby, England — ESk Run 7/4

Íl, Islay, island in the Hebrides — Bkrepp Magndr 8/3, Sturl Hrafn 7/7

Imbólum, unidentified p. n. — Rv Lv 30/8

Írland, Ireland — Anon Nkt 44/3

Ívist, North Uist, island in the Hebrides — Bkrepp Magndr 7/2, Gísl Magnkv 9/4

Ívíza, Ibiza, island in the Mediterranean — Hskv Útdr 9/4

Jákóbsland, Galicia, northern Spain — ESk Sigdr I 2/3

Jóm, Wollin, present-day Poland — Arn Hryn 12/4, Arn Magndr 8/3

Jórðán, the river Jordan — Stúfr Stúfdr 3/4, Þstf Stuttdr 5/8, ESk Sigdr I 4/8, Rv Lv 16/4, 27/4

Jórðǭn see Jórðán

Jórsalir, Jerusalem — Stúfr Stúfdr 2/4, Mark Eirdr 26/8, Ív Sig 9/2, ESk Sigdr I 4/2, Anon Nkt 49/6

Jótland, Jylland (Jutland), Denmark — Arn Magndr 6/8, 15/4

Jótlandshaf, Kattegat, the sea between Denmark and Sweden — Þfagr Sveinn 8/8

Kalmarnes, headland of Kalmar, south-eastern Sweden — Ív Sig 17/8

Kaupangr, present-day city of Trondheim, Norway — Steinn Óldr 7/2, Mberf Lv 6/3, Anon Nkt 41/8

Kristskirkja, Kristkirken ‘Church of Christ’, Trondheim, Norway — Anon Nkt 31/5-6, 35/7, 41/7

Kristskirkja, Kristkirken ‘Church of Christ’, Bergen, Norway — Anon Nkt 55/9-10

Krít, Crete, island in the Aegean — Árm Lv 4/8

Krókaskógr, Sörbygden, Bohuslän, present-day Sweden — Kolli Ingdr 3/8

Kvildir, Kville, northwest of Hamburgsund, Bohuslän, present-day Sweden — Ív Sig 30/4

Kýrfjǫll, unidentified p. n. in Vestfold, Norway — Játg Lv  1/2

Kǫrmt, Karmøy, island in Rogaland, Norway — ESk Elfv 1/8,

Láka, Låke, farmstead in Nannestad, Romerike, Norway — Ólhv Hryn 8/3, Sturl Hákkv 10/6

Langatún, unidentified p. n. (Langton?) in England — ESk Run 9/8

Langeyjarsund, Langösund, Hvaler, present-day Sweden — Kolli Ingdr 5/8

Leikbjǫrg, unidentified p. n. in south-eastern Norway — ESk Run 3/4

Limafjǫrðr, Limfjorden, fjord in Jylland, Denmark — Anon Nkt 16/16

Listi, Lista, Vest-Agder, Norway — Ív Sig 24/1, Balti Sigdr 1/1

Lizibón, Lisbon, Portugal — Hskv Útdr 3/4

Ljóðhús, Lewis, island in the Hebrides — Bkrepp Magndr 5/1

Ljóðhús, Lödöse, on the Götaälv, Sweden — Sturl Hákkv 37/8, Sturl Hákfl 7/4

Lundr, Lund, town in Skåne, present-day Sweden — ÞjóðA Magn 5/3, 10/8, Mark Eirdr 25/2

Manork, Minorca, island in the Mediterranean — Hskv Útdr 10/4

Miklagarðr, Constantinople, Byzantium — Bǫlv Hardr 2/6, Mark Eirdr 28/4, Rv lv 31/4

Mostrarsund, unidentified p. n. in northern Halland, present-day Sweden — Sturl Hryn 6/4

Mynni, Minne, Akershus, Norway — Kolli Ingdr 1/1

Mœrr, Möre, near Kalmar in south-eastern Sweden — Ív Sig 21/2

Mœrr, Nord- and Sunnmøre, districts in western Norway Ív Sig 31/1, Anon Nkt 62/2

Mǫn, the Isle of Man — Arn Þorfdr 16/6

Nerbón, Narbonne, France — Rv Lv 16/8, 25/8

Nesjar, peninsulas between Langesundsfjorden and Tønsbergfjorden, southern Norway — Ív Sig 24/4, Anon Nkt 27/2

Nið, Nidelven, river flowing through the city of Trondheim, Norway —ÞjóðA Har 2/5, Arn Hardr 14/3

Niðarbakki, the banks of Nidelven (Nið), Trondheim — Sturl Hákkv 23/4, Anon Nkt 48/4

Niz, the river Nissan in Halland, present-day Sweden — ÞjóðA Sex 14/7, Arn Hardr 2/2, Stúfr Stúfdr 7/4, Steinn Nizv 5/7

Nóregr, Norway — Sigv Berv 18/2, ÞjóðA Magnfl 3/4, ÞjóðA Har 7/3, Arn Hryn 8/2, Arn Magndr 4/5, 7/4, Valg Har 11/8, Steinn Óldr 7/8, 14/6, Hskv Hardr 5/2, Ólhv Hryn 5/5, 9/4, Sturl Hryn 4/8, 12/8, Anon Nkt 6/14, 16/8, 19/6, 35/6, 54/4, Anon (Mberf) 1/6

Nǫrvasund, the Straits of Gibraltar, Spain — Hskv Útdr 6/4, Oddi Lv 3/8

Orkneyjar, Orkney — Þsvart Lv 1/2, Sigm Lv 1/4

Ósló, Oslo, Norway — Gísl Magnkv 2/1, Ólhv Hryn 10/1, Sturl Hákkv 6/4, Sturl Hákfl 5/3, Anon Nkt 51/2, 60/10

Óslófjǫrðr, Oslofjorden, Norway — Sturl Hákkv 13/4

Peita, Poitou, France — Arn Hryn 9/8

Péttlandsfjǫrðr, Pentland Firth, between Orkney and Scotland — Arn Þorfdr 21/2

Pílavík, unidentified p. n. (Willoughby?) in England — ESk Run 9/4

Portyrja, Portør, Telemark, Norway — Anon (Hsona) 1/2

Rauðabjǫrg, possibly Roberry, Orkney — Arn Þorfdr 20/8

Raumsdalr, Romsdalen, valley in Møre og Romsdal, western Norway — Anon Nkt 62/8

Ré, Rügen, island in present-day north-eastern Germany — Arn Magndr 9/1

Rín, the river Rhine — Mark Eirdr 31/2, ESk Run 6/8, Sturl Hryn 15/4, Sturl Hákfl 1/3

Rogaland, Rogaland, district in south-western Norway — Anon Nkt 9/4

Róm, Rome, Italy — Mark Eirdr 8/2,10/2, 10/8, Ív Sig 8/1

Sandey, Sanda, island south of Kintyre, Scotland — Bkrepp Magndr 8/2

Sandvík, Sandwick, Orkney — Arn Þorfdr 8/8

Sanntíri, Kintyre, Scotland — Bkrepp Magndr 9/1 (see also Sátíri)

Sarpr, Sarpfossen, waterfall in Sarpsborg, Østfold, Norway — Hskv Hardr 3/4

Sátíri, Kintyre, Scotland — Sturl Hrafn 9/3 (see also Sanntíri)

Sauðungssund, Sauesund, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway — Anon Nkt 25/15-16

Saxland, Saxony — Mark Eirdr 23/8

Selund, Sjælland (Zealand), island in Denmark — ÞjóðA Magn 4/4, Valg Har 7/4

Serkland, land of the Saracens — ÞjóðA Sex 2/2, ÞjóðA Lv 4/6, Þfisk Lv 3/5, Þstf Lv 3/6

Sigtúnir, -tún, Sigtuna, city north of Stockholm, Sweden — ÞjóðA Magnfl 2/8, Arn Magndr 2/8, Valg Har 5/8

Sikiley, Sicily, Italy — Hharð Gamv 2/1, ÞjóðA Sex 2/8, Bǫlv Hardr 4/6, Valg Har 1/4

Sintré, Sintra, town northwest of Lisbon, Portugal — Hskv Útdr 2/4

Skáney, Skåne (Scania), district in present-day southern Sweden — ÞjóðA Magn 9/8, 10/6, Arn Magndr 16/4, Valg Har 6/8

Skáneyr, Skanör, peninsula in south-western Skåne, Sweden — ÞjóðA Magn 14/8

Skíð, Skye, island in the Hebrides — Bkrepp Magndr 6/2, Gísl Magnkv 9/1

Skotborgará, the river Kongeå, Jylland, Denmark —ÞjóðA Magnfl 6/4, Arn Hryn 13/2

Skotborgarǭ see Skotborgará

Skotland, Scotland — Arn Þorfdr 9/8, Sturl Hrafn 9/8, 16/8

Skǫrpusker, the Farne Islands, Northumberland, England — ESk Run 8/3

Sogn, district in western Norway — ÞjóðA Magn 1/3, ÞjóðA Sex 17/1, Anon Nkt 63/6

Spánn, Spain — Hskv Útdr 2/2, Rv Lv 20/1, 22/6, 23/7

Staðr, Stadlandet, Nordfjord, Norway — Steinn Óldr 11/6

Staðr, Stadsbygd, Trøndelag, Norway — Gísl Magnkv 4/8

Stafangr, Stavanger, town in Rogaland, Norway — Arn Hryn 10/5

Staurr, Point of Stoer, on the north-western coast of Scotland — Ív Sig 6/4

Stiklastaðir, Stiklestad, Trøndelag, Norway, site of the battle of Stiklestad (29 July 1030) — Anon Nkt 30/7-8

Stræti, Øvregaten, street in Bergen, Norway — ESk Ingdr 3/1

Suðreyjar, the Hebrides — Sturl Hrafn 7/4, 10/8

Sunnmœrr, Sunnmøre, district in western Norway — Snæk Lv 1/4

Sverrisborg, Sverresborg, fortification in Bergen, Norway — Anon (Sv) 4/4, Anon (Sv) 5/4

Svíþjóð, Svealand, Sweden, as opposed to Götaland — ÞjóðA Magnfl 3/2, Arn Magndr 3/1, Valg Har 6/4

Svǫlðrarvágr, the Bay of Svolder, unidentified p. n. in the Baltic, site of the battle of Svolder (9 September 1000) — Anon Nkt 22/7

Sæheimr, Seim, Nordhordland, Norway — Anon Nkt 15/4

Sætt, Sidon, city in present-day Lebanon — ESk Sigdr I 5/1

Torfnes, Tarbatness, Scotland — Arn Þorfdr 9/2

Túnsberg, Tønsberg, town in Vestfold, Norway — Þskakk Erldr 2/4, Játg Lv 1/8

Tyrvist, Tiree, island in the Hebrides — Bkrepp Magndr 6/3

Ulfasund see Úlfasund

Úlfasund, Ulvesundet, sound in Nordfjord, Norway — Sigv Berv 9/7

Unnardys, Hummerdus, island in Vest-Agder, Norway — Máni Lv 1/8

Upplǫnd, Oppland(ene), present-day Hadeland, Romerike, Gudbrandsdalen, Østerdalen, Norway — Gísl Magnkv 17/4, Ólhv Hryn 8/2, Sturl Hákkv 2/3, Sturl Hákfl 3/6

Úsa, the river Ouse, Yorkshire, England — Arn Hardr 7/3, Steinn Óldr 2/1

Útsteinn, Utstein, on Mosterøy in Boknafjorden, Hordaland, Norway — ESk Lv 6/4

Vágar, Vågan, in Lofoten, Norway — Ív Sig 26/8, 27/2

Valsnes, Valsneset, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway — Ív Sig 29/2

Varna, Værne, Østfold, Norway — Sturl Hákfl 1/1

Vatsfjǫrðr, possibly Loch Vatten, Skye, the Hebrides — Arn Þorfdr 13/1

Vermaland, Värmland, district in south-eastern Sweden — Sturl Hákfl 4/8

Veslu sandar, unidentified p. n., North-East England — Árm Lv 2/4

Vestland, West Pomerania (?), Germany — Arn Magndr 9/4

Vík, Viken, area around Oslofjorden (Øst- and Vestfold), Norway — Anon Nkt 60/7

Þjóð, Thy, Jylland, Denmark — Stúfr Stúfdr 6/1

Þjólarnes, near the river Gudenå in Jylland, Denmark — Grani Har 2/4

Þrándheimr, Trøndelag, Norway — Ólhv Hryn 8/5, Sturl Hákfl 3/4

Þrasnes, unidentified p. n. — Oddi Lv 4/3

Þrœndalǫg, Trøndelag, district in Norway — Anon (Sv) 1/8

Þumli, southern part of Hisingen, in the Götaälv — ÞjóðA Har 7/5

Þursasker, possibly The Skerries, east of Shetland —Arn Þorfdr 23/2

Yrjar, Ørland, in Sør-Trøndelag, Norway — Gísl Magnkv 3/5

Ǫngulsey, Anglesey, island off the western coast of Wales — Gísl Magnvk 11/3

Ǫngulssund, the Menai Strait between Wales and Anglesey — Bkrepp Magndr 11/2

Ǫrvahamrar ‘Arrow-crags’, unidentified p. n. in Trøndelag, Norway — Gísl Magnkv 4/4

 
7. Miscellaneous Names


Baglar ‘the Crosiers’, Norw. political faction — Anon (Sv) 4/7, 5/7, Sturl Hákkv 2/5

Birkibeinar ‘the Birch-legs’, Norw. political faction — Nefari Lv 1/1, Ólhv Lv 2/1

Fífa ‘Arrow’, a ship belonging to Rǫgnvaldr Kali — Rv Lv 8/4

Grýtlingar ‘Gravelings’, derogatory name for the Ribbungar — Sturl Hákkv 6/8

Gulaþing, Gulatinget, the Gula Assembly, Norw. legal assembly — SnH Lv 8/1

Hel ‘Hell’, an axe belonging to Magnús inn góði — Arn Magndr 10/7

Hjǫlp ‘Help’, a ship belonging to Rǫgnvaldr Kali — Rv Lv 8/4

Kuflungar ‘the Monks’, Norw. political faction — Blakkr Lv 1/2, 2/4

Lafranzmessa ‘Feast of S. Lawrence’, 10 August — Rv Lv 28/4

Laufvíkingar ‘Forest-/Leaf-Vikings’, derogatory name for the Ribbungar — Sturl Hákfl 5/8

Míkjálsmessa ‘Michaelmas’, 29 September — Okík Magn 1/1

Óláfssúð ‘Óláfr’s ship’, a ship belonging to Magnús Erlingsson — HSn 1/3

Ormr ‘Serpent’, a ship belonging to Óláfr Tryggvason — Anon Nkt 22/2

Ribbungar ‘the Robbers, Rabble’, Norw. political faction — Játg Lv 1/6, Sturl Hákfl 1/4, 3/8, 5/2

Visundr ‘Bison’, a ship belonging to Magnús inn góði — Arn Hryn 9/4, 16/8, ÞjóðA Magnfl 4/8

Væringjar ‘the Varangians’, Byzantine military unit and army — Valg Har 4/4

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