This interface will soon cease to be publicly available. Use the new interface instead. Click here to switch over now.
Hjálmarr inn hugumstóri (Hjálm)
Hervarðr, Hjörvarðr, Hrani, Angantýr, Bildr ok Bófi, Barri ok Tóki, Tindr ok Tyrfingr, tveir Haddingjar: þeir váru bornir austr í Bólm, synir Arngríms ok Eyfuru.
Hervarðr, Hjǫrvarðr, Hrani, Angantýr, Bildr and Bófi, Barri and Tóki, Tindr and Tyrfingr, the two Haddingjar: they were born in the east in Bólm, sons of Arngrímr and Eyfura.
Mss: 344a(16v), 343a(67v), 471(74r), 173ˣ(35r) (Ǫrv)
Readings:  Hervarðr Hjörvarðr: so 173ˣ, Hervaðr ok Hjörvaðr 344a, 343a, 471  Hrani Angantýr: so 343a, 471, 173ˣ, Hrani ok Angantýr 344a  Bófi: bagi 343a, 471, Bragi 173ˣ  Barri: so 343a, ‘barr’ 344a, ‘berrri’ 471, Bölverkr 173ˣ; Tóki: so 343a, 471, 173ˣ, ‘taki’ or ‘tøki’ 344a  þeir: so 343a, 471, þeir er 344a, þeir eru 173ˣ; Bólm: Bar 173ˣ  bornir: ‘alder’ corrected from ‘fęddir’ in the margin 344a; váru: vestir 173ˣ  ‑gríms: ‑grím 343a, 471  Eyfuru: ‘Eyfreyiu’ 173ˣ
Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], E. 10. Vers af Fornaldarsagaer: Af Ǫrvar-Oddssaga III 1: AII, 290, BII, 311, Skald II, 165, NN §3179; Ǫrv 1888, 97, Ǫrv 1892, 52, FSGJ 2, 252; Edd. Min. 105.
Context: This stanza is spoken by Hjálmarr in response to Oddr’s question of where some strange howling noises he can hear can be coming from. Hjálmarr identifies the twelve berserks as producing the weird noises and tells Oddr their names.
Notes: [All]: The stanza lists the names of the twelve berserks and the last two lines give the names of their parents and their birthplace. The prose of Heiðr in 2845, probably reflecting a version of this stanza, gives the names of six of them, Angantýr, the eldest, Hjǫrvarðr, Hervarðr, Hrani and the two Haddingjar (Heiðr 1924, 4; Heiðr 1960, 3). However, the versions of Heiðr in Hb (Hb 1892-6, 353) and R715ˣ (Heiðr 1924, 93) give twelve names: Angantýr, Hervarðr, Hjǫrvarðr, Sæmingr, Hrani, Brámi, Barri, Reifnir, Tindr, Búi and the two Haddingjar. Lines 1-2 of this stanza are exactly paralleled by Herv Lv 9 and 11(Heiðr 26 and 28). Hyndl 23-4 (NK 292) also has a version of this list as Búi ok Brámi, | Barri ok Reifnir, | Tindr ok Tyrfingr, | [ok] tveir Haddingjar … Áni, Ómi | vóro bornir, | Arngríms synir | ok Eyfuro. Saxo has the following list of twelve (Saxo 2015, I, v. 13. 4, pp. 344-5): Brander, Biarbi, Brodder, Hiarrandi, Tander, Tiruingar, duo Haddingi, Hiorthuar, Hiarthwar, Rani, Angantir. For a comparative analysis of the various lists see Kommentar III, 750-61. —  Tyrfingr: Here, in Hyndl 23/5 and in Fornk (ÍF 35, 61), in connection with the battle of Brávellir, Tyrfingr is a man’s name, but in Heiðr the name of the cursed sword, forged for King Svafrlami by two dwarfs, and destined to kill a man each time it was drawn. Arn Hardr 2/3-4II tvær eggjar tyrfings ‘the two edges of the sword’ uses tyrfingr as a heiti for ‘sword’; see further Note to Þul Sverða 7/6III. —  tveir Haddingjar ‘the two Haddingjar’: A pair of heroes, possibly brothers, mentioned in a number of sources (cf. Simek 1993, 127-8; ARG II, 249, 253). Eyv Hál 9/4I (see Note there) refers to the Haddingjar in a warrior-kenning, and the names Haddingr (sg.) and Haddingjar (pl.) are mentioned several times in eddic poetry (cf. Kommentar IV, 810). Etymologically the name Haddingr denotes female head hair (cf. AEW: haddr) and may indicate that those who bore the name were identified by the wearing of long hair or other distinctive hair styles. In Book I of Saxo’s Gesta Danorum (Saxo 2015, I, i. 5. 1 ‑ 6. 9, pp. 40-51) Hadingus is the son of the Danish king Gram and a favourite of the god Óðinn. —  í Bólm austr ‘in the east in Bólm’: In two mss of Heiðr, Hb and R715ˣ (Heiðr 1960, 3 and n. 2; Heiðr 1924, 2, 91) Bólm is said to be the name of an island, and is located off the coast of Hålogaland in northern Norway (cf. Þul Eyja 4/5III and Note). However, in this case a more plausible identification may be with the island of Bolmsö in Lake Bolmen in Småland, southern Sweden, because the background narrative to the encounter between Angantýr (or Hjǫrvarðr) and Hjálmarr is connected to their rivalry for the hand of the daughter of the king of Sweden. The line is metrically irregular (Type A) and it is possible that austr has been desyllabified to austur here. — [9-10] synir Arngríms ok Eyfuru ‘sons of Arngrímr and Eyfura’: These names, whose Latin equivalents in Saxo are Arngrimus and Ofura, also appear in the prose of Heiðr, in Herv Lv 10/2 and 10/6 (Heiðr 27) and Hyndl 24/3-4 for the father and mother of the twelve berserks. In Heiðr Eyfura is said to be the daughter of Sigrlami (Svafrlami in Hb and R715ˣ), king of Garðaríki (northwest Russia), given in marriage to the king’s chief viking, Arngrímr, along with the sword Tyrfingr.
|Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated|