Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Máríudrápa (Mdr) - 43

not in Skj

Máríudrápa (‘Drápa about Mary’) — Anon MdrVII

Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Máríudrápa’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 476-514.

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Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV]: [B. 1]. En drape om jomfru Maria (Máríudrápa), Begyndelsen mangler åbenbart. (AII, 464-72, BII, 496-505)

SkP info: VII, 501-2

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

28 — Anon Mdr 28VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 28’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 501-2.

Kaup veit dýrt fyr drápu,
drottning himins og gotna;
hróðr nemi höldar kvæðis;
hef eg slæm en lýk stefjum.
Þá … ór gröf grýttri
gaft, mær, bragar stæri
blindum, björt, að venda
braut og styrk ….

{Drottning himins og gotna}, veit dýrt kaup fyr drápu; höldar nemi hróðr kvæðis; eg hef slæm en lýk stefjum. Björt mær, þá gaft {blindum stæri bragar} … að venda braut ór grýttri gröf og styrk ….

{Queen of heaven and of men} [= Mary], grant a precious reward for the drápa; may men learn the praise of the poem; I begin the slœmr and finish the refrains. Bright maiden, then you gave {the blind increaser of the poem} [POET] … to turn away from a stony grave and strength ….

Mss: B(14r), 399a-bˣ

Readings: [3] nemi höldar: ‘nem[...]o᷎ldar’ B, ‘nemị ho᷎ldar’ 399a‑bˣ    [5] …: ‘[...]tt’ B, ‘o[...]ṃạ́tt’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘(er) [...]tt’(?) BRydberg, ‘[...]m[...]ut’ BFJ    [8] …: ‘[...]tu’ B, ‘ị́ þ̣ṛạụṭum’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]tum’ BRydberg

Editions: Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV], [B. 1]. En drape om jomfru Maria (Máríudrápa) 28: AII, 469, BII, 502, Skald II, 274, NN §1653; Rydberg 1907, 37, 56, Attwood 1996a, 109, 310.

Notes: [1-4]: As the poet says, this st. marks the end of Mdr’s refrain section (stefjabálkr) and the beginning of the conclusion (slæmr). — [5-8]: The reconstruction and interpretation of this helmingr follows Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (NN §1653; Skald) in retaining the dat. stæri (l. 6) and construing it with bragar, gen. sg. m. of bragr ‘poem’, to form a kenning for the poet ‘increaser of the poem’, here qualified with m. dat. sg. adj. blindum ‘blind’ (l. 7). The blindness referred to here may be physical or spiritual. The 399a-bˣ transcript contains tentative readings/reconstructions of mátt acc. ‘strength, power’ in l. 5 and í þrautum ‘in struggles’ in l. 8. The helmingr is thus interpreted as a statement that the Virgin gave the poet the power to turn away from (spiritual?) death (mátt að venda braut ór grýttri gröf ‘power to turn away from a stony grave’) and the strength required for his spiritual battles (styrk í þrautum ‘strength in struggles’).

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