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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Marmennill (Marm)

volume 8; ed. Hubert Seelow;

VIII. Lausavísur (Lv) - 7

not in Skj

Lausavísur — Marm LvVIII (Hálf)

Hubert Seelow (forthcoming), ‘ Marmennill, Lausavísur’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <> (accessed 27 November 2021)

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SkP info: VIII, 310

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Marm Lv 1VIII (Hálf 6)

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Hubert Seelow (ed.) 2017, ‘Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka 6 (Marmennill, Lausavísur 1)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 310.

The following seven stanzas or part-stanzas comprise the prophetic utterances of a marmendill or marmennill ‘merman’, who is fished up from the sea by two fishermen and forced to predict King Hjǫrleifr’s fate.

Ek lýsa
langt suðr í haf;
vill danskr konungr
dóttur hefna.
Hann hefir úti
ótal skipa;
býðr hann Hjörleifi
hólmstefnu til.


I see a glitter a long way south in the sea; a Danish king wants to avenge his daughter. He sails with countless ships; he challenges Hjǫrleifr to a duel.

context: Two fishermen called Handir and Hrindir catch a merman (marmendill) and bring him to King Hjǫrleifr, who entrusts him to the care of one of the women at his court. One night, when the lights had been put out, Hjǫrleifr’s wife Hildr prods her co-wife Æsa with a horn. The king slaps Hildr, but Æsa says it is the dog’s fault, so he strikes the dog. The merman laughs, and, when asked by the king why he is laughing, he replies that the king has acted foolishly, as the two he has slapped would save his life. The king asks more questions, but the merman gives no answer. Then the king says he will take him back to sea and asks the merman to tell him what he needs to know. The stanza is introduced by the words: Hann kvað, er hann fór til sjóvar … ‘He said, when he went to the sea …’.

notes: The motif of the laughing sage is attested in a number of folklore sources (see Boberg 1966, 69 (D1318.2.1); Davíð Erlingsson 1980). Davíð Erlingsson (1980) finds both this and the motif of the otherworld spirit that pollutes waterways in Irish sources about the dealings of the hero Fergus mac Léite with the elf-people.

texts: Hálf 6

editions: Skj Anonyme digte og vers [XIII]: E. 6. Vers af Fornaldarsagaer: Af Hálfssaga IV 1 (AII, 257; BII, 277); Skald II, 145; Hálf 1864, 9-10, Hálf 1909, 83, FSGJ 2, 102, Hálf 1981, 112, 174; Edd. Min. 90-1.


GKS 2845 4° (2845) 33v, 26 - 34r, 2 (Hálf)  transcr.  image  image  
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