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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Útsteinn Gunnlaðarson (Útsteinn)

volume 8; ed. Hubert Seelow;

VIII. Lausavísa (Lv) - 1

not in Skj

Lausavísa — Útsteinn LvVIII (Hálf)

Hubert Seelow (forthcoming), ‘ Útsteinn Gunnlaðarson, Lausavísa’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3131> (accessed 30 November 2021)

 1 

SkP info: VIII, 334

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Útsteinn Lv 1VIII (Hálf 38)

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Hubert Seelow (ed.) 2017, ‘Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka 38 (Útsteinn Gunnlaðarson, Lausavísa 1)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 334.

This stanza stands outside the following sequence that constitutes Útsteinskviða ‘Poem of Útsteinn’ (Útkv). In it Útsteinn, who has survived the burning and hall fight described in his dead brother, Innsteinn’s, Innkv, expresses his pleasure that at least one man, himself, is still alive and, by implication, ready to take vengeance on Ásmundr. However, such a statement does not fit well with the following sequence of stanzas (Hálf 39-50) in which the superiority of the Hálfsrekkar is mentioned frequently, but not a final battle against Ásmundr. The content of this stanza provides no reason for its incorporation into Útkv, contrary to the practice of most eds, even though the prose text places it more or less as an introduction to that poem.

Hitt hlægir mik         helzt í máli:
mun ekki Ásmundi         öll vá sofa.
Þrír eru fallnir         af því liði
Eynefs synir,         en einn lifir.

Hitt hlægir mik helzt í máli: öll vá mun ekki sofa Ásmundi. {Þrír synir Eynefs} eru fallnir af því liði, en einn lifir.

This makes me laugh especially about the matter: not all danger will be dormant for Ásmundr. {Three sons of Eynefr <sea-king>} [SEAFARERS] have fallen of this host, yet one lives.

Mss: 2845(37r) (Hálf)

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], E. 6. Vers af Fornaldarsagaer: Af Hálfssaga VIII 1: AII, 262-3, BII, 283-4, Skald II, 149; Hálf 1864, 26, Hálf 1909, 113-14, FSGJ 2, 119, Hálf 1981, 127-8, 186; Edd. Min. 71.

Context: This stanza is preceded by a prose paragraph: Útsteinn was staying with King Eysteinn of Denmark, whose counsellor Úlfr inn rauði ‘the Red’ had eight boisterous sons. They envied Útsteinn and treated him badly, so a dispute arose. First, though, Útsteinn told of King Hálfr’s death. The stanza is introduced by the words: Hann kvað þá ‘He then said’.

Notes: [3, 4] mun … sofa ‘will … be dormant’: Lit. ‘will sleep’. The threat expressed in these lines suggests that Útsteinn is plotting vengeance against Ásmundr, though no known poetic account of this action exists. — [7] þrír synir Eynefs ‘three sons of Eynefr <sea-king> [SEAFARERS]’: A sea-king name, taking the various forms Eynefr, Eynæfir or Eynefir occurs in Þul Sækonunga 2/1III and as the determinant in kennings for ‘ship’, like Bragi Þórr 2/3III; see Meissner 220 and Finnur Jónsson (1934-5, 292). It is not clear which three seafarers (i.e. warriors) are referred to here, but the most likely are Útsteinn’s brother Innsteinn, King Hálfr himself and Hrókr inn hvíti, the only ones of the Hálfsrekkar mentioned by name in Innkv.

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