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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Innsteinn Gunnlaðarson (Innsteinn)

volume 8; ed. Hubert Seelow;

VIII. Innsteinskviða (Innkv) - 17

not in Skj

Innsteinskviða — Innsteinn InnkvVIII (Hálf)

Not published: do not cite (Innsteinn InnkvVIII (Hálf))

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17 

SkP info: VIII, 319

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Innsteinn Innkv 3VIII (Hálf 18)

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Hubert Seelow (ed.) 2017, ‘Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka 18 (Innsteinn Gunnlaðarson, Innsteinskviða 3)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 319.

Þér er orðinn         Óðinn til gramr,
er þú Ásmundi         allvel trúir.
Hann mun alla         oss um véla,
nema þú vitrari         viðsjár fáir.

Óðinn er orðinn þér til gramr, er þú trúir Ásmundi allvel. Hann mun oss alla um véla, nema þú fáir vitrari viðsjár.

Óðinn has become too angry with you, since you trust Ásmundr so well. He will betray us all, unless you acquire wiser wariness.

Mss: 2845(36r) (Hálf)

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], E. 6. Vers af Fornaldarsagaer: Af Hálfssaga VI 5: AII, 259, BII, 279, Skald II, 146; Hálf 1864, 17, Hálf 1909, 101-2, FSGJ 2, 110, Hálf 1981, 117-18, 180; Edd. Min. 33­­-4.

Context: This stanza is introduced by the words: Innsteinn kvað ‘Innsteinn said’.

Notes: [1-2] Óðinn er orðinn þér til gramr ‘Óðinn has become too angry with you’: Cf. Heiðr 112/4, gramr er yðr Óðinn ‘Óðinn is angry with you’. Both here and in Hálf 35/5-6 Innsteinn invokes the name of the god Óðinn, who is widely represented in Old Norse myth, especially in fornaldarsögur, as the god of battle, who not only confers victory on his favourites, but may sometimes withdraw his favour from them (cf. Turville-Petre 1964, 52-4; Marold 1972, 27-8). Here Innsteinn suggests that the god will turn against Hálfr and the Hálfsrekkar because Hálfr allows himself to trust Ásmundr uncritically. In Hálf 35/5-8 Innsteinn interprets the Hálfsrekkar’s defeat as Óðinn’s evil doing. — [7] vitrari ‘wiser’: This word is hardly legible in the ms. and has been variously interpreted by earlier eds (see Hálf 1981, 117-18). Jón Helgason (1955b, xxii) suggested either ‘uitrarí’ or ‘uittrarí’ as possible readings, but inspection under ultra-violet light has shown that it cannot be ‘uitrarí’, as there are too many vertical pen strokes discernible. — [8] viðsjár ‘wariness’: The f. noun viðsjá ‘wariness, cautiousness’ is nowhere else used with the verb ‘get, acquire’ and may be either gen. sg. or acc. pl.. Finnur Jónsson (LP: viðrsjǫ́, viðsjǫ́) describes the meaning of the word as ævnen, handlingen at tage sig i agt for ‘the capability, the act of being wary of’, giving it a slightly more concrete nuance, which makes its use with the verb seem more plausible.

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