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Runic Dictionary

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Starkaðr gamli Stórvirksson (StarkSt)

volume 8; ed. Margaret Clunies Ross;

Víkarsbálkr (Vík) - 33

Starkaðr inn gamli ‘the Old’ Stórvirksson (StarkSt) was a legendary Scandinavian hero, known to Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic and possibly Anglo-Saxon traditions. Some sources (e.g. Saxo Grammaticus (Saxo 2015, I, vi. 5. 2, pp. 378-9), one version of Heiðr and Víkarsbálkr (Vík) in Gautr) claim that he was born a giant with six or eight arms, which the god Þórr reduced to two by tearing off the remainder. Both in Saxo and in Gautr, Starkaðr is represented as a hero of prodigious strength and bravery, but influenced by the gods Óðinn and Þórr to commit acts of gross treachery, the best-known of which is his mock sacrifice of his friend, King Víkarr, at Óðinn’s instigation. The mock sacrifice turns into the real thing, and, as a consequence, Starkaðr is repudiated by his warrior companions. Saxo and the Icelandic sources also know Starkaðr as a poet. Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 251, 259) heads its list of poets and their patrons with Starkaðr’s name as that of the earliest poet whose identity people remember, adding that he composed about the kings of Denmark. In Ht Snorri Sturluson names a verse-form, Starkaðar lag, after Starkaðr (SnE 2007, 38), while in TGT Óláfr Þórðarson quotes a fragment (StarkSt Frag 1III) which he attributes to him. In Gautr the autobiographical poem Víkarsbálkr ‘Víkarr’s Section’ (VíkVIII) is attributed to Starkaðr.

Víkarsbálkr — StarkSt VíkVIII (Gautr)

Not published: do not cite (StarkSt VíkVIII (Gautr))

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33 

SkP info: VIII, 277

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

26 — StarkSt Vík 26VIII (Gautr 34)

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 26/5

betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’bezt 26/3

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 26/1, 26/3

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 26/6

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 26/2

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 26/5

flagð (noun n.) ‘troll-woman...’flögð 26/6

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’framast 26/2

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’Fylgða 26/1

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’fylki 26/1

hindri (adj. comp.) [°superl. hinztr] ‘[for last]...’hinzta 26/7

Hǫrðaland (noun n.)Hörðalands 26/8

Hǫrðar (noun m.) ‘the Hǫrðar...’Hörða 26/8

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’lands 26/8

minn (pron.) [°f. mín, n. mitt] ‘my...’minni 26/4

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’†ór† 26/5

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þeim 26/2, því 26/6

2sinn (noun n.) [°?dat. -] ‘time...’sinni 26/7

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 26/8

una (verb) ‘be content, love...’unða 26/3

valda (verb) ‘cause...’ollu 26/6

1vita (verb) ‘know...’vissak 26/2

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 26/3

ævi (noun f.) [°-/-ar] ‘life...’ — 26/4

 

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