Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

I. 1. Eiríksmál (Eirm) - 9

not in Skj

2.1: Eiríksmál (‘Words about Eiríkr’) — Anon EirmI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Eiríksmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1003.

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Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [X]: I. A. [1]. Eiríksmál, fra omkr. 950 (AI, 174-5, BI, 164-6)

SkP info: I, 1009

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

4 — Anon Eirm 4I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Eiríksmál 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1009.

‘Heimsku mæla *         skalat inn horski Bragi,
        þó at þú vel hvat vitir:
fyr Eireki glymr,
        es hér mun inn koma
        jǫfurr í Óðins sali.

‘Inn horski Bragi skalat mæla * heimsku, þó at þú vitir vel hvat: glymr fyr Eireki, es mun koma hér inn, jǫfurr í sali Óðins.

‘The wise Bragi must not talk nonsense, though you know well why: the clangour is made for Eiríkr, who must be coming in here, a prince into Óðinn’s residence.

Mss: 761bˣ(105v); FskAˣ(37), 52ˣ(14v-15r), 301ˣ(13r) (Fsk)

Readings: [1] mæla *: mæla kvað Óðinn all    [2] skalat: skalt þú all    [4] Eireki: Eiríkr all

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [X], I. A. [1]. Eiríksmál 4: AI, 175, BI, 165, Skald I, 89; Fsk 1902-3, 29 (ch. 7), ÍF 29, 78 (ch. 8); Möbius 1860, 231, Gordon 1957, 149, Jón Helgason 1968, 22.

Context: As for st. 1 (Fsk).

Notes: [1] mæla * heimsku ‘talk nonsense’: The speaker is Óðinn. The phrase identifying him as such in the mss, however, is extrametrical and is omitted here; see Introduction to the poem. It seems that the heimsku ‘nonsense, folly’ Óðinn imputes to the normally wise Bragi is his failure to recognise the newcomer, though the details of the text are difficult (see Notes below). — [2] skalat ‘must not’: So Holthausen (1896) and Skj B (after Árni Magnússon’s correction in 761bˣ). The þú of the mss is retained by Möbius (1860), Fsk 1902-3, Jón Helgason (1968), and ÍF 29, but if skalt is a misreading of skalat, most likely þú is a scribal addition. Kershaw (1922, 97-8), like some others, retains skalt þú and translates, ‘Surely thou art talking folly’. Hofmann (1955, 46-8) offers a similar analysis, assuming future meaning for skalt on the basis of influence from OE sculan. Lindquist (1929, 10) retains þú and takes ll. 1-3 as a question. — [3] þó at ‘though’: Möbius (1860) and Skj B emend to þvít ‘because’; so also Gordon (1957, 245), who translates, ‘For you well know all about it’. Yet this seems unnecessary, and use of the subj. vitir ‘know’ would be unmotivated after þvít. — [3] vitir vel hvat ‘you know well why’: The thought seems to be that Bragi knows, or should know, what the commotion is about. See LP: 2. (*hvar eller *hver af hveR), hvat 3 for hvat in the sense ‘why’. It could alternatively mean ‘everything’, and is interpreted thus in LP: 2. (*hvar eller *hver af hveR), hvat 4. Hofmann (1955, 48) reads an otherwise unattested cpd velhvat, comparing OE welhwæt ‘everything’. — [4] Eireki ‘Eiríkr’: Eirekr is the earlier form of the name Eiríkr, which is secured by rhyme on snekk- in Gsind Hákdr 7/8. The emendation to dat. sg. -i was made by Árni in 761bˣ and is almost universally approved. Sahlgren (1927-8, I, 19) would emend to æirike’r, normalised Eiríki es (so also Lindquist 1929, 10), hence fyr Eiríki es glymr ‘the clangour is for/announces Eiríkr’, with glymr taken as a m. noun rather than 3rd pers. sg. pers. indic. of glymja ‘resound’, as here.

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