This interface will soon cease to be publicly available. Use the new interface instead. Click here to switch over now.

Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Runic Dictionary

login: password: stay logged in: help

Vígfúss Víga-Glúmsson (Vígf)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

1. Poem about Hákon jarl(?) (Hák) - 1

Vígfúss (Vígf) was born c. 955, according to the chronology of Víga-Glúms saga, the saga of his father Víga-Glúmr ‘Slayings-Glúmr’ Eyjólfsson, in which Vígfúss also features prominently. Physically and temperamentally robust, he travelled abroad on merchant voyages and then became a trusted retainer of the jarls of Hlaðir (Lade), Hákon and Eiríkr. Back in Iceland, he spent six years in outlawry after avenging his foster-father on Bárðr, brother of Brúsi skáld, then appears to have returned to the service of the jarls, fighting bravely in the battles of Hjǫrungavágr (Liavågen, c. 985) and Svǫlðr (c. 1000), before settling back in Iceland (see further LH I, 541-2 for his biography). He is named in the U text of Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256) as a poet of Hákon jarl, and the first stanza below (Vígf Hák) may belong to a composition about him. That and the lausavísa that follows are the only extant poetry credited to Vígfúss (though see Introduction to Þskúm Lv). Olsen (1956; 1962, 51-2), noting resemblances to Eskál Vell 1 both in Vígf Lv and in the dróttkvætt lines on the Karlevi stone (Run Öl1/7VI) and envisaging a similar historical context, suggested Vígfúss as the Karlevi poet, but this is not generally accepted.

Poem about Hákon jarl(?) — Vígf HákI

Diana Whaley 2012, ‘ Vígfúss Víga-Glúmsson, Poem about Hákon jarl(?)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 362. <> (accessed 29 May 2022)

stanzas:  1 

Skj: Vígfúss Víga-Glúmsson: [1]. Digt om Hakon jarl(?), o. 986. (AI, 120, BI, 115); stanzas (if different): [v]

SkP info: I, 363

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Vígf Hák 1I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Diana Whaley (ed.) 2012, ‘Vígfúss Víga-Glúmsson, Poem about Hákon jarl(?) 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 363.

Varðat hœgt, þás hurðir
hjǫrklofnar sák rofna
(hôtt sǫng Hǫgna) Geitis,
(hregg) til Vagns at leggja.
Þar gengum vér, þrøngvar
þunníss, í bǫð, Gunnar,
(strǫng vas) danskra drengja
(darra flaug) til knarrar.

Varðat hœgt at leggja til Vagns, þás sák {hjǫrklofnar hurðir Geitis} rofna; {hregg Hǫgna} sǫng hôtt. Þar gengum vér í bǫð til knarrar danskra drengja, {þrøngvar {þunníss Gunnar}}; flaug darra vas strǫng.

It was not easy to attack Vagn, when I saw {the sword-riven doors of Geitir <sea-king>} [SHIELDS] split; {the storm of Hǫgni <legendary hero>} [BATTLE] sang loudly. There we advanced into battle towards the vessel of the Danish warriors, {forcers {of the slender ice of Gunnr <valkyrie>}} [SWORD > WARRIORS]; the flight of spears was mighty.

texts: Fsk 94, Jvs 21

editions: Skj Vígfúss Víga-Glúmsson: [1]. Digt om Hakon jarl(?) (AI, 120; BI, 115); Skald I, 65, NN §§385, 386, 1817, 1853C; Fsk 1902-3, 99 (ch. 20), ÍF 29, 134 (ch. 22); Fms 11, 142 n., Fms 12, 241, Jvs 1879, 87.


OsloUB 371 folx (FskBx) 29v, 14 - 29v, 21 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 109, 20 - 110, 4 (Fsk)  image  
AM 510 4° (510) 63r, 27 - 63r, 30 (Jvs)  transcr.  image  
AM 51 folx (51x) 26v, 14 - 26v, 21 (Fsk)  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 40v, 4 - 40v, 8 (Fsk)  
© 2008-