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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Valgarðr á Velli (Valg)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Poem about Haraldr harðráði (Har) - 11

Skj info: Valgarðr á Velli, Islandsk skjald, 11. årh. (AI, 390-3, BI, 360-3).

Skj poems:
Et digt om Harald hårdråde

Nothing is known about Valgarðr (Valg), but his nickname (á Velli ‘at Völlur’) indicates that he could have belonged to the family of Mǫrðr Valgarðsson from Völlur (Rangársýsla) in southern Iceland (see Brennu-Njáls saga, ÍF 12, passim; SnE 1848-87, III, 605-6; LH 1894-1901, I, 637-8). Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275) lists him among Haraldr Sigurðarson’s court poets.

Poem about Haraldr harðráði — Valg HarII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 300-10.

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Skj: Valgarðr á Velli: Et digt om Harald hårdråde (AI, 390-3, BI, 360-3)

SkP info: II, 307-8

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

9 — Valg Har 9II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 307-8.

Dvalði daprt of skilða
(drifu, þeirs eptir lifðu)
ferð, en fengin urðu
fǫgr sprund (Danir undan).
Láss helt líki drósar;
leið fyr yðr til skeiða
(bitu fíkula fjǫtrar)
fljóð mart (hǫrund bjartir).

Dvalði daprt of skilða ferð; Danir, þeirs lifðu eptir, drifu undan, en fǫgr sprund urðu fengin. Láss helt líki drósar; mart fljóð leið fyr yðr til skeiða; bjartir fjǫtrar bitu hǫrund fíkula.

The pitifully scattered crowd was delayed; the Danes who were still alive fled away, but fair women were captured. A lock secured the girl’s body; many a maiden went before you to the warships; bright fetters bit greedily into the flesh.

Mss: (532v-533r), 39(21rb), F(44ra), E(13r), J2ˣ(264v) (Hkr); FskBˣ(65v) (Fsk); Mork(3v) (Mork); H(29r), Hr(21rb) (H-Hr)

Readings: [1] Dvalði: so 39, F, E, Dulði Kˣ, J2ˣ, Dvǫlðum FskBˣ, Dvǫlðu Mork, H, Hr;    daprt: djarft 39, F, ‘dafrt’ E;    of: om. E, ok Hr    [2] drifu: ‘drifa’ F;    þeirs (‘þeir er’): þeir sem H    [4] sprund: sprund en E    [5] helt: hefr E;    drósar: ‘drosat’ E    [6] leið: leiðr 39, F;    til skeiða: of skeiðar F, til skeiðar E, FskBˣ    [7] bitu: ‘bittv’ H;    fjǫtrar: ‘fionrar’ E, ‘fiortrar’ H    [8] fljóð: fjǫl‑ E;    bjartir: ‑bjartra FskBˣ, ‑bjarta Mork, ‑bjartar Hr

Editions: Skj: Valgarðr á Velli, Et digt om Harald hårdråde 9: AI, 392, BI, 362, Skald I, 181, NN §§876, 2989E; ÍF 28, 94 (HSig ch. 19), F 1871, 203, E 1916, 45; ÍF 29, 241 (ch. 52); Mork 1867, 18, Mork 1928-32, 90, Andersson and Gade 2000, 152, 474 (MH); Fms 6, 176 (HSig ch. 17).

Context: As sts 7-8 above.

Notes: [All]: For the capture and possible mistreatment of women by marauding vikings, see Note to ÞjóðA Magn 7/5, 6, Grani Har 1/1, 4, st. 3/4 above and Hskv Útdr 5. — [1, 3] dvalði daprt of skilða ferð ‘the pitifully scattered crowd was delayed’: Dvalði (3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) ‘was delayed’ is used impersonally with daprt of skilða ferð ‘the pitifully scattered crowd’ in the acc. (see Fritzner: dvelja 1). Dulði (3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) ‘suppressed’ (so , J2ˣ) must be a scribal error. FskBˣ has dvǫlðum (1st pers. pl. pret. indic.) ‘we delayed’, but it is highly unlikely that Valgarðr had been part of this expedition. Mork (and H-Hr) reads dvǫlðu daprt of skilða ferð ‘they delayed the pitifully scattered crowd’, which is possible but less likely in view of the ms. witnesses. — [6] til skeiða ‘to the warships’: See Note to st. 1/2 above. — [8] bjartir (m. nom. pl.) ‘bright’: The variant forms of the adj. bjartr ‘bright, fair’ give the following readings of ll. 7, 8: fjǫtrar bitu hǫrund bjartra fíkula ‘fetters bit greedily into the flesh of the fair ones (so FskBˣ; ÍF 29; Skald; NN §2989E); fjǫtrar bitu bjarta hǫrund fíkula ‘fetters bit greedily into fair flesh’ (so Mork). Skj B adopts the FskBˣ variant bjartra (gen. pl.) and connects it with skeiða (f. gen. pl.) in the previous cl., which creates an awkward tripartite l. (see NN §§876, 2989E).

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