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Runic Dictionary

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Valgarðr á Velli (Valg)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Poem about Haraldr harðráði (Har) - 11

Nothing is known about Valgarðr (Valg), but his nickname (á Velli ‘at Völlur’) indicates that he could have belonged to the family of Mǫrðr Valgarðsson from Völlur (Rangársýsla) in southern Iceland (see Brennu-Njáls saga, ÍF 12, passim; SnE 1848-87, III, 605-6; LH 1894-1901, I, 637-8). Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275) lists him among Haraldr Sigurðarson’s court poets.

Poem about Haraldr harðráði — Valg HarII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 300-10.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11 

Skj: Valgarðr á Velli: Et digt om Harald hårdråde (AI, 390-3, BI, 360-3)

SkP info: II, 300-1

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Valg Har 1II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 300-1.

Skilfingr, helzt, þars skulfu
skeiðr, fyr lǫnd in breiðu
— auð varð suðr of síðir
Sikiley — liði miklu.

Skilfingr, helzt miklu liði fyr in breiðu lǫnd, þars skeiðr skulfu; suðr varð Sikiley of síðir auð.

Lord, you led a large host past the wide lands where warships shook; in the south Sicily was finally laid waste.

Mss: R(40r), Tˣ(42r), U(37v), A(15v), B(6v), 744ˣ(43v), C(9v) (SnE)

Readings: [2] lǫnd in breiðu: land it breiða U    [3] auð: so Tˣ, A, B, C, ‘avld’ or ‘avdt’ R, auðit U;    varð suðr: var þar suðr U, ‘var suð’ A, ‘[…]ð’ B, ‘ū sud’ 744ˣ;    of: und C;    síðir: ‘sið[…]’ B    [4] Sikiley: ‘sikil[…]’ B

Editions: Skj: Valgarðr á Velli, Et digt om Harald hårdråde 1: AI, 390, BI, 360, Skald I, 180, NN §§806, 2783; SnE 1848-87, I, 528-9, II, 345, 463, 542, 609, SnE 1931, 185, SnE 1998, I, 105.

Context: Skilfingr is given in Skm as a heiti for ‘ruler, dignitary’.

Notes: [All]: The helmingr commemorates Haraldr’s campaigns in Sicily (1038-40). See also Note to Hharð Gamv 2/1, ÞjóðA Sex 2 and Bǫlv Hardr 4. — [2] skeiðr ‘warships’: Usually skeið denotes a type of warship (see Falk 1912, 104-5; Jesch 2001a, 123-6). — [3] auð ‘waste’: The l. contains three internal rhymes (auð : -- : -íð-), and Skj B emends auð ‘waste’ to eydd ‘ravaged’ against all mss (see NN §2783). — [3] suðr ‘in the south’: Skj B takes this adv. with the first cl. (suðr fyr in breiðu lǫnd ‘south past the wide lands’), which creates an awkward w. o. (see NN §806).

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