Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

login: password: stay logged in: help

Torf-Einarr Rǫgnvaldsson (TorfE)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

Lausavísur (Lv) - 5

Einarr jarl Rǫgnvaldsson (TorfE) ruled over the Orkneys at some time in the early tenth century. Our knowledge of him derives largely from Orkn, Fsk, and HHárf in Hkr; the relevant part of ÓT essentially derives from Hkr. All three principal compilations incorporate lausavísur ascribed to Einarr which are printed below as his five lausavísur. Additionally, Orkn and Hkr give a brief account of his life and of the events that the lausavísur relate to. Parts of the story are also told in Ldn (ÍF 1, 314, 316) but without the lausavísur (Mundal 1993, 248). His more familiar name, Torf-Einarr ‘Turf-Einarr’, is explained as due to his adoption of peat as a fuel in Orkney (ÍF 34, 11; ÍF 26, 129).

Einarr was a son of Rǫgnvaldr Mœrajarl ‘Jarl of Møre’, his mother being a concubine (see Note to Lv 1 [All] on Rǫgnvaldr’s sons). When King Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ awarded Rǫgnvaldr the rule of Orkney and Shetland in compensation for the killing of his son Ívarr, Rǫgnvaldr initially delegated it to his brother Sigurðr, then to Sigurðr’s son Guttormr, and after their deaths to his own son Hallaðr. Only after Hallaðr failed in the task did Rǫgnvaldr grudgingly assent to Einarr’s offer to take it on (ÍF 34, 10-11). Torf-Einarr established himself as lord of the islands, having first defeated two viking leaders; see Anon (Hhárf). The killing of Rǫgnvaldr, possibly at Haraldr’s instigation, precipitated the vengeance on Einarr’s part recounted in the lausavísur.

Lausavísur — TorfE LvI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Torf-Einarr Rǫgnvaldsson, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 129.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5 

Skj: Torf-Einarr jarl: Lausavísur (AI, 31-2, BI, 27-8); stanzas (if different): 2 | 4 | 5

SkP info: I, 133

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — TorfE Lv 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Torf-Einarr Rǫgnvaldsson, Lausavísur 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 133.

Margr verðr sekr at sauðum
seggr með fǫgru skeggi,
en ek at ungs í Eyjum
allvalds sonar falli.
Hætt segja mér hǫlðar
við hugfullan stilli;
Haralds hefk skarð í skildi
— skala ugga þat — hǫggvit.

 

Many a man with a handsome beard is convicted for sheep, but I [am convicted] for the death {of the young son of the mighty ruler} [= Hálfdan] in the Islands [Orkney]. Freeholders say there is danger for me from the resolute ruler; I have cut a notch in Haraldr’s shield; I shall not fear that.

context: Orkn tells that on the day after the battle (see Context to Lv 1) Torf-Einarr’s men hunt down Hálfdan. Torf-Einarr has him put to death by the ‘blood-eagle’ ritual (see Note to Lv 3/1, 4). Orkn places Lv 2 immediately after its account of Hálfdan’s death, while Hkr instead refers it to a later occasion when, having heard of King Haraldr’s arrival in Orkney with a large force, Torf-Einarr escapes to Nes (Caithness).

texts: Flat 236, HHárf 24 (I 56), Orkn 3, ÓT 104, Hkr 66 (I 56)

editions: Skj Torf-Einarr jarl: Lausavísur 5 (AI, 32; BI, 28);

Skald I, 17-8; ÍF 26, 133-4 (HHárf ch. 31), F 1871, 56; ÓT 1958-2000, I, 214-15; Orkn 1913-16, 12, ÍF 34, 13-14 (ch. 8), Flat 1860-8, I, 224; von See 1960, 34.

sources

AM 762 4°x (762x) 11 - 11 (Orkn)  
AM 35 folx (Kx) 71r, 6 - 71r, 13 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 12rb, 32 - 12rb, 35 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 40v, 17 - 40v, 21 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 40v, 14 - 40v, 21 (Hkr)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 22rb, 8 - 22rb, 10 (ÓT)  image  image  
AM 53 fol (53) 18vb, 39 - 19ra, 2 (ÓT)  image  
AM 54 fol (54) 19rb, 16 - 19rb, 20 (ÓT)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 29vb, 21 - 29vb, 25 (ÓT)  image  
AM 332 4°x (332x) 12, 3 - 12, 10 (Orkn)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 29va, 51 - 29va, 53 (Orkn)  image  image  image  
UppsUB R 702x (R702x) 36v, 9 - 36v, 12 (Orkn)  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 395r, 3 - 395r, 10 (Lv)  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated