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Torf-Einarr Rǫgnvaldsson (TorfE)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

Lausavísur (Lv) - 5

Einarr jarl Rǫgnvaldsson (TorfE) ruled over the Orkneys at some time in the early tenth century. Our knowledge of him derives largely from Orkn, Fsk, and HHárf in Hkr; the relevant part of ÓT essentially derives from Hkr. All three principal compilations incorporate lausavísur ascribed to Einarr which are printed below as his five lausavísur. Additionally, Orkn and Hkr give a brief account of his life and of the events that the lausavísur relate to. Parts of the story are also told in Ldn (ÍF 1, 314, 316) but without the lausavísur (Mundal 1993, 248). His more familiar name, Torf-Einarr ‘Turf-Einarr’, is explained as due to his adoption of peat as a fuel in Orkney (ÍF 34, 11; ÍF 26, 129).

Einarr was a son of Rǫgnvaldr Mœrajarl ‘Jarl of Møre’, his mother being a concubine (see Note to Lv 1 [All] on Rǫgnvaldr’s sons). When King Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ awarded Rǫgnvaldr the rule of Orkney and Shetland in compensation for the killing of his son Ívarr, Rǫgnvaldr initially delegated it to his brother Sigurðr, then to Sigurðr’s son Guttormr, and after their deaths to his own son Hallaðr. Only after Hallaðr failed in the task did Rǫgnvaldr grudgingly assent to Einarr’s offer to take it on (ÍF 34, 10-11). Torf-Einarr established himself as lord of the islands, having first defeated two viking leaders; see Anon (Hhárf). The killing of Rǫgnvaldr, possibly at Haraldr’s instigation, precipitated the vengeance on Einarr’s part recounted in the lausavísur.

Lausavísur — TorfE LvI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Torf-Einarr Rǫgnvaldsson, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 129.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5 

Skj: Torf-Einarr jarl: Lausavísur (AI, 31-2, BI, 27-8); stanzas (if different): 2 | 4 | 5

SkP info: I, 137

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

5 — TorfE Lv 5I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Torf-Einarr Rǫgnvaldsson, Lausavísur 5’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 137.

Eru til míns fjǫrs margir
menn of sannar deilðir
ór ýmissum ôttum
ósmábornir gjarnir.
En þó vitu þeygi
þeir, áðr mik hafi felldan,
hverr ilþorna arnar
undir hlýtr at standa.

Margir ósmábornir menn ór ýmissum ôttum eru gjarnir til fjǫrs míns of sannar deilðir. En þó vitu þeir þeygi, áðr hafi mik felldan, hverr hlýtr at standa undir {ilþorna} arnar.

Many high-born men of various families are eager for my life because of justified conflicts. And yet they do not know, before they have killed me, who gets to stand under {the sole-thorns} [CLAWS] of the eagle.

texts: Flat 238, HHárf 23 (I 55), Orkn 6, Hkr 65 (I 55)

editions: Skj Torf-Einarr jarl: Lausavísur 4 (AI, 32; BI, 28);

Skald I, 17, NN §§2412, 2705, 3041; ÍF 26, 132-3 (HHárf ch. 30), F 1871, 55; Orkn 1913-16, 13, ÍF 34, 15-16 (ch. 8), Flat 1860-8, I, 224; von See 1960

, 35.

sources

AM 35 folx (Kx) 70v, 20 - 70v, 27 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 12rb, 26 - 12rb, 28 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 40v, 10 - 40v, 13 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 40v, 20 - 40v, 27 (Hkr)  image  
AM 332 4°x (332x) 13, 16 - 14, 3 (Orkn)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 29va, 60 - 29vb, 2 (Orkn)  image  image  image  
UppsUB R 702x (R702x) 37r, 13 - 37r, 16 (Orkn)  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 395v, 3 - 395v, 10 (Lv)  image  
AM 762 4°x (762x) 14 - 14 (Orkn)  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated