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Tindr Hallkelsson (Tindr)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

Hákonardrápa (Hákdr) - 11

Tindr Hallkelsson (Tindr), an Icelander, was born around the middle of the tenth century and belonged to the illustrious family of Gilsbekkingar; he bore the nickname inn frœkni ‘the Brave’ (Finnur Jónsson 1886b, 309-10). His father occupied a property called Hallkelsstaðir, according to Harðar saga Grímkelssonar (ÍF 13, 96). Ldn (ÍF 1, 82-3) mentions him as a brother of the chieftain Illugi svarti ‘the Black’ at Gilsbakki, thus paternal uncle of the poet Gunnlaugr ormstunga ‘Serpent-tongue’ (GunnlIV), as noted in Gunnlaugs saga (ÍF 3, 58; cf. ÍF 13, 138). He was also a fifth-generation descendant of the skald Bragi Boddason (BragiIII; ÍF 1, 82) and great-grandfather of Gísl Illugason (GíslII; ÍF 1, 111; cf. ÍF 3, 331). His skills as a poet within this skaldic lineage are discussed by de Vries (1964-7, I, 178). His daughters Jóreiðr and Hallveig and son Þorvaldr are mentioned in Ldn (ÍF 1, 108, 137, 111 respectively); the name of a wife, if any, is not recorded.

Little is known about Tindr’s life and career, the fullest source being the incompletely preserved and historically unreliable Heiðarvíga saga (Heið). Ldn (ÍF 1, 83) notes his part in avenging the death of his brother, perhaps early in his adult life before his time in Norway. Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 280) includes him among the poets affiliated to Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. Both Fsk (‘A’ redaction only, ÍF 29, 131) and the version of Jvs in ms. 510 (Jvs 1879, 82) show him fighting on Hákon’s side at the battle of Hjǫrungavágr (Liavågen, c. 985) (cf. Finnur Jónsson 1886b, 309) and as having composed Hákonardrápa, his main surviving work, as a detailed narrative on that theme, probably shortly after the action (LH I, 536). There are no reliable reports of his serving other rulers. The statement in Harðar saga (ÍF 13, 36) that places him in Norway as early as the reign of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’ (c. 961-c. 970) can be dismissed on chronological grounds (LH I, 536; ÍF 13, 96 n. 4). After his return to Iceland Tindr played a prominent role in the famous Heiðarvíg ‘Battle of the heath’ (c. 1015), as reported in Heið (ÍF 3, 298). The saga (ÍF 3, 307) includes two lausavísur spoken by him as he lies severely wounded in the battle (Tindr Lv 1-2V (Heið 14-15)); his death apparently followed shortly afterwards.

Hákonardrápa — Tindr HákdrI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Tindr Hallkelsson, Hákonardrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 336.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11 

Skj: Tindr Hallkelsson: 1. Drape om Hakon jarl, o. 987 (AI, 144-7, BI, 136-8)

SkP info: I, 350

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

7 — Tindr Hákdr 7I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Tindr Hallkelsson, Hákonardrápa 7’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 350.

Saddi jarl, þars odda
ofþing saman gingu,
(vann Hanga vals hungri)
hrafna (byrgis nafni).
Morðskýja* varð mávi
Mistar gótt til vista
heiðins dóms at háða
hríð v markar síðu.

 

The jarl sated the ravens, where {the mighty assemblies of barbs} [BATTLES] came together; {the namesake of the protector} [= Hákon] overcame the hunger {of the falcon of Hangi}. [RAVEN] It became good for provisions {for the seagull of Mist} [RAVEN/EAGLE] by the coast {of the forest of heathendom} [NORWAY] after {the storm {of killing-clouds}} [SHIELDS > BATTLE] [was] waged}.

context: As for st. 4.

notes: [1-4]: Some emendations in the helmingr are unavoidable, and the following are adopted: Hanga ‘of Hangi <= Óðinn>’ for hugða and vals ‘of the falcon’ for valt in l. 3; and hrafna ‘ravens’ for hranna in l. 4. These were originally proposed by Sveinbjörn Egilsson in Fms 12 and/or SHI 12. — [5-8]: (a) The solution of Finnur Jónsson (partly based on conjectures by Sveinbjörn Egilsson) is adopted in this edn. Finnur (1886b, 343) emended ms. mǫnnum ‘to men’ to mávi (dat. sg.) ‘for the sea-gull’ in l. 5. For ms. vann in l. 8 he initially proposed fyr ‘before’ (1886b, 343) but later við ‘by’ (Skj B). He adopted Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s explanation of the phrase mǫrk heiðins dóms ‘forest-land of heathendom’ in ll. 7-8 and his emendation to hríð ‘storm’ in l. 8 (see Notes below).

texts: Jvs 15

editions: Skj Tindr Hallkelsson: 1. Drape om Hakon jarl 7 (AI, 146; BI, 137); Skald I, 75, NN §434; Fms 11, 138, Fms 12, 239-40, SHI 11, 119-20, 125-6, Jvs 1879, 83-4.

sources

AM 510 4° (510) 62r, 26 - 62r, 28 (Jvs)  transcr.  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated