Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help

Þórarinn stuttfeldr (Þstf)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

1. Stuttfeldardrápa (Stuttdr) - 7

Skj info: Þórarinn stuttfeldr, Islandsk skjald, 12. årh. (AI, 489-92, BI, 461-4).

Skj poems:
1. Stuttfeldardrápa
2. Lausavísur

Þórarinn stuttfeldr ‘Short-cloak’ (Þstf) is known only from the episode recounted in Msona in Mork (Mork), H-Hr (H, Hr) and the interpolated mss of Hkr (F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ), in which he acquired his nickname stuttfeldr (see Mork 1928-32, 385-7; Fms 7, 152-5; F 1871, 299-300; E 1916, 150-1). See also Þstf Lv 1-3 below and Sjórs Lv 2. Þórarinn is listed among the poets of Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ Magnússon (d. 1130) in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 263, 276, 629-31). According to Mork (1928-32, 386), Þórarinn was an Icelander.

Stuttfeldardrápa — Þstf StuttdrII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Þórarinn stuttfeldr, Stuttfeldardrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 473-9.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7 

Skj: Þórarinn stuttfeldr: 1. Stuttfeldardrápa, o. 1120 (AI, 489-91, BI, 461-3)

SkP info: II, 477-8

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

6 — Þstf Stuttdr 6II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Þórarinn stuttfeldr, Stuttfeldardrápa 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 477-8.

Varðir, Hǫrða
hvatr fylkir, at
grǫf góðra lof*
geti kviksettra.
Á skínn æva
Yggs fjǫldyggra
sól svangœli,
siklingr, an þik.

{Hvatr fylkir Hǫrða}, varðir, at grǫf góðra kviksettra geti lof*. Sól skínn æva á {{fjǫldyggra Yggs svan}gœli} an þik, siklingr.

{Swift ruler of the Hǫrðar} [NORWEGIAN KING = Sigurðr], may you ensure that the grave of the good holy ones obtains glory. The sun will never shine upon {a more virtuous pleaser {of Yggr’s <= Óðinn’s> swan}} [(lit. ‘Yggr’s swan-pleaser’) RAVEN/EAGLE > WARRIOR] than you, lord.

Mss: H(97r), Hr(65vb) (H-Hr)

Readings: [3] góðra: guðs H, góðu Hr;    lof*: lofs H, gulli Hr    [4] geti: skulut H, glaðr Hr;    kviksettra: ‘kviksattar’ H, ‘quiksættar’ Hr    [6] Yggs: so Hr, ‘ygs’ H

Editions: Skj: Þórarinn stuttfeldr, 1. Stuttfeldardrápa 6: AI, 490-1, BI, 463, Skald I, 227, NN §§965, 3107; Fms 7, 92 (Msona ch. 10).

Context: In Palestine, Sigurðr gave treasures to the Holy Sepulchre and to other holy places.

Notes: [1-4]: One must resort to emendations in the first helmingr because the readings of both mss make little sense and are unmetrical as well. — [1] varðir (2nd pers. sg. pres. subj.) ‘may you ensure’: For this meaning of the verb, see Fritzner: varða 6-8. — [3] góðra (m. gen. pl.) ‘of the good’: In H, the l. (grǫf guðs lofs ‘the grave of God’s glory’) is hypometrical but has internal rhyme, whereas, in Hr, grǫf góðu golli ‘the grave with the good gold’ has three alliterative staves, lacks internal rhyme and is hypermetrical. — [4] geti ... kviksettra ‘obtain ... of the holy ones’: The H variant (skulut kviksattar ‘shall not [be] buried alive’) lacks both alliteration and internal rhyme, and the Hr reading (glaðr kviksættar ‘cheerful “quiksættar”’) lacks internal rhyme. The stem vowel in -settra (m. gen. pl.) is an -e-: kviksettr ‘holy one’ from setja ‘place’ (see ANG §513.2 and Note to l. 4 below). Because the metre of Stuttdr is in general very regular (with some internal rhymes and double alliterations lacking in the odd ll.), the first word in l. 4 must be a monosyllabic or a short-stemmed disyllabic word beginning with g- and containing the stem -et- or -ett-. Skj B suggests (at) grǫf golli lofs | glaðr kviksettra ‘[you gave] gold (to) the grave of holy ones, cheerful of glory’ (ll. 3-4), which still leaves l. 4 without internal rhyme. Kock (NN §965; Skald) emends ll. 3-4 to (at) grǫf golli lofs | glætt kviksæti ‘(at) the grave [you covered] the shining relics with gold of praise’. That reading presupposes a suppressed verb and an unattested word, kviksæti ‘relics’. In the present edn, at ‘that’ (l. 2) is taken as a conj. rather than as a prep., and skulut (3rd pers. pl. pres. indic.) ‘shall not’ (so H; glaðr m. nom. sg. ‘cheerful’; Hr) has been emended to geti (3rd pers. sg. pres. subj.) ‘obtain’. — [4] kviksettra ‘holy ones’: Lit. ‘those buried alive’. Fritzner: kyksettr glosses this as hellig efter Døden ‘holy after death’. The adj. is also found in Þloft Glækv 3/7I, where it is used about S. Óláfr. In ÍF 27, 406-7 n., Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson explains the word as referring to the fact that Óláfr’s hair and nails reportedly continued to grow after he was dead and buried. In Sv, Sverrir Sigurðarson also uses the substantivised adj. in one of his speeches in the meaning ‘holy ones’ (see ÍF 30, 62 and n. 5). The prose texts offer no information about which ‘holy ones’ (saints, relics) Sigurðr bestowed gifts upon, but it could be that he visited the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron.

© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.