Runic Dictionary

login: password: stay logged in: help

Þorfinnr munnr (Þorf)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

Lausavísur (Lv) - 2

Þorfinnr munnr ‘Mouth’ (Þorf) is numbered among the Icelandic hirðmenn ‘retainers’ of King Óláfr inn helgi Haraldsson (S. Óláfr) in one of the Articuli ‘extracts’ from Styrmir Kárason’s Lífssaga (Flat 1860-8, III, 244). Most of them are skalds, and Þorfinnr is said to be the brother of one Þórðr and to be skaalld mikit ‘a great poet’. The brothers came from northern Iceland, and fought and died at Stiklastaðir (Stiklestad, 1030). Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261), as well as listing Þorfinnr under Óláfr helgi, also names him, in the U redaction (ibid., 266), as poet to Hákon jarl Sigurðarson (d. c. 995), but the existence of a variant, ‘Þorolfr munnr’, in the 761aˣ redaction (ibid., 256), together with the fact that a former retainer of Hákon who fought at Stiklastaðir would be well over fifty in 1030, leave it somewhat uncertain whether these are one and the same person.

Lausavísur — Þorf LvI

Diana Whaley 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þorfinnr munnr, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 845.

stanzas:  1   2 

Skj: Þórfinnr munnr: Lausavísur (AI, 315, BI, 292)

SkP info: I, 847

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Þorf Lv 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Diana Whaley (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorfinnr munnr, Lausavísur 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 847.

This is one of an unusual cluster of three powerful stanzas spoken in anticipation of the battle of Stiklastaðir (Stiklestad, 1030), and it is preserved in the same texts: see Introduction to Gizsv Lv.

Røkkr at regni miklu
randar garðs ins harða;
vill við vísa snjallan
Verdœla lið berjask.
Verjum allvald ǫrvan;
ǫlum teitan sveita;
fellum Þrœndr í Þundar
— þess eggjumk vér — hreggi.

 

It grows dim approaching {the great downpour {of the tough enclosure of the shield-rim}}; [SHIELD > BATTLE] the force of the Verdœlir wants to fight against the valiant prince [Óláfr]. Let us defend the generous mighty ruler; let us feed {the cheerful gull of gore}; [RAVEN/EAGLE] let us fell the Þrœndr in {the storm of Þundr}; [BATTLE] we are urging this.

context: In ÓH-Hkr, as for Gizsv Lv. In the less polished context of ÓHLeg, Þorfinnr skald is with the king and speaks the stanza as his troops advance.

notes: For the battle of Stiklastaðir (Stiklestad) and other skaldic poetry associated with it, see the entry on Óláfr Haraldsson in ‘Ruler biographies’ in Introduction to this volume. — [5-8]: The 1st pers. pl. imperatives in this helmingr (verjum ‘let us defend’, l. 5, ǫlum ‘let us feed’, l. 6, and fellum ‘let us fell’, l. 7) are typical of skaldic exhortations to battle; cf. Anon Liðs 1, Rv Lv 31II, Nefari LvII, Blakkr Lv 1II

texts: Flat 598, ÓH 146 (142), ÓHHkr 139 (II 139), ÓHLeg 53, Hkr 340 (II 139)

editions: Skj Þórfinnr munnr: Lausavísur 2 (AI, 315; BI, 292); Skald I, 149, NN §2015; ÓHLeg 1922, 81, ÓHLeg 1982, 188-9; Hkr 1893-1901, II, 460-1, IV, 163, ÍF 27, 359, Hkr 1991, II, 514-15 (ÓHHkr ch. 206); Fms 5, 57-8, Fms 12, 98, ÓH 1941, I, 545 (ch. 203), Flat 1860-8, II, 341.

sources

AM 36 folx (Kx) 457r, 22 - 457v, 1 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
Holm perg 2 4° (Holm2) 64v, 17 - 64v, 19 (ÓH)  transcr.  image  
Thott 972 folx (972x) 493va, 30 - 494va, 2 (ÓH)  image  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 219v, 4 - 219v, 11 (ÓH)  image  
AM 321 4°x (321x) 245, 27 - 246, 3 (ÓH)  transcr.  image  
AM 73 b fol (Bæb) 4ra, 27 - 4ra, 27 (ÓH)  image  image  
AM 73 a folx (73ax) 194v, 4 - 194v, 4 (ÓH)  image  
AM 68 fol (68) 63v, 38 - 63v, 38 (ÓH)  image  
Holm perg 4 4° (Holm4) 59va, 14 - 59va, 18 (ÓH)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 122rb, 33 - 122rb, 36 (ÓH)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 325 V 4° (325V) 78ra, 15 - 78ra, 20 (ÓH)  image  
AM 325 VII 4° (325VII) 35v, 23 - 35v, 25 (ÓH)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 195va, 23 - 195va, 27 (ÓH)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 122vb, 60 - 123ra, 2 (ÓH)  image  image  image  
GKS 1008 fol (Tóm) 152v, 36 - 152v, 36 (ÓH)  image  
DG 8 (DG8) 99v, 22 - 99v, 25 (ÓHLeg)  transcr.  image  
AM 141 folx (141x) 51v, 18 - 51v, 25 (Fbr)  image  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 547r, 11 - 547r, 18  image  
© 2008-