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Þórarinn loftunga (Þloft)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Matthew Townend;

3. Glælognskviða (Glækv) - 10

Few biographical facts are known about Þórarinn loftunga ‘Praise-tongue’ (Þloft). In introducing Þórarinn’s service to King Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson (Cnut the Great), Snorri Sturluson (ÍF 27, 307; cf. ÓH 1941, I, 473) records in general terms that he was an Icelander and a great poet (skáld mikit) who had spent a great deal of time with kings and other chieftains. Knýtl (ÍF 35, 124) gives a similar portrait, and adds that Þórarinn was gamall ‘old’ when he first came to Knútr. However, all of Þórarinn’s extant poetry derives from his service to Knútr and his son Sveinn, and these are the only monarchs for whom Þórarinn is recorded as a poet in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 258, 267). Þorm Lv 10/1-2 also refers to Knútr rewarding Þórarinn with gold over a long period (for the anecdote in which it is quoted see ÓHLeg 1982, 124-8; ÓH 1941, II, 799-804), and his pre-Knútr career must remain hypothetical. Parts of three poems are preserved: Hǫfuðlausn (Hfl) and Tøgdrápa (Tøgdr) for Knútr, and Glælognskviða (Glækv) for Sveinn, probably composed in this order, and between c. 1027 and 1034; for circumstances of composition and preservation see individual Introductions below. The evidence of the poems suggests that Þórarinn entered Knútr’s service in either England or Denmark, accompanied him on his journey to Norway in 1028, and after 1030 remained at Sveinn’s court in Norway at least until c. 1032. For previous discussions of Þórarinn’s career see LH I, 601-3, Malcolm (1993), and Townend (2005, 256-7).

Glælognskviða — Þloft GlækvI

Matthew Townend 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þórarinn loftunga, Glælognskviða’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 863.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9 

for reference only:  10x 

Skj: Þórarinn loftunga: 3. Glælognskviða, 1032 (AI, 324-7, BI, 300-1)

This verse is included only for cross-referencing previous editions.

10x — [Þloft Glækv 10x - for refence only]

Cite as: Not published: do not cite ([Þloft Glækv 10x - for refence only])

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þás þú rekr
fyr reginnagla
bóka-máls
bœnir þínar.  (kviðuháttr)

texts: Flat 646, ÓH 185 (181), ÓHHkr 174 (II 174), Hkr 375 (II 174)

editions: Skj Þórarinn loftunga: 3. Glælognskviða 10 (AI, 327; BI, 301); Skald I, 153, NN §2017; Hkr 1893-1901, II, 521, IV, 175-6, ÍF 27, 408 (ÓHHkr ch. 245), E 1916, 3; ÓH 1941, I, 604 (ch. 245), Flat 1860-8, II, 377; Magerøy 1948, 18.

sources

AM 36 folx (Kx) 487v, 15 - 487v, 18 (Hkr)  image  
AM 39 fol (39) 11rb, 6 - 11rb, 7 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 47 fol (E) 2r, 2 - 2r, 2 (Hkr)  image  
Holm perg 2 4° (Holm2) 72r, 1 - 72r, 1 (ÓH)  image  
AM 325 VI 4° (325VI) 39vb, 16 - 39vb, 17 (ÓH)  image  
AM 321 4°x (321x) 273, 21 - 273, 22 (ÓH)  transcr.  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 128vb, 19 - 128vb, 20 (ÓH)  image  image  
AM 325 V 4° (325V) 86rb, 15 - 86rb, 16 (ÓH)  image  
AM 325 VII 4° (325VII) 40r, 9 - 40r, 9 (ÓH)  image  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 203va - 203va (ÓH)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 127va, 14 - 127va, 15 (ÓH)  image  image  image  
GKS 1008 fol (Tóm) 159r, 40 - 159r, 40 (ÓH)  image  
AM 73 a folx (73ax) 210r, 26 - 210r, 26 (ÓH)  image  
Thott 972 folx (972x) 566va, 12 - 566va, 16 (ÓH)  image  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated