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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 19

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

7 — Þjóð Yt 7I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 7/9

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allt 7/9 var

allvaldr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘mighty ruler...’allvald 7/9

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 7/4, 7/12 var

1dul (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘delusion...’ — 7/1

Dyggvi (noun m.) ‘Dyggvi...’Dyggva 7/2

gaman (noun n.) ‘joy, pleasure...’gamni 7/4

Glitnir (noun m.) ‘Glitnir, hall, shining one...’Glitnis 7/3

Gná (noun f.) ‘Gná...’Gnô 7/3

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hefr 7/4, hefr 7/12

hófr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘hoof...’ — 7/12 var

hreyr (noun ?) ‘cairn...’ — 7/2 var

hrør (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘corpse...’ — 7/2

Jódís (noun f.) ‘[sister]...’ — 7/5

kjósa (verb) ‘choose...’ — 7/8

konungmaðr (noun m.) ‘king...’konungmann 7/7

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’Kveðkat 7/1

3leika (verb) ‘play...’leikinn 7/12

Loki (noun m.) ‘[to Loki, Loki]...’Loka 7/11

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’ — 7/11

Narfi (noun m.) ‘Narfi...’Narfa 7/6

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 7/2

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 7/12

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 7/6, 7/9

2reyr (noun n.) ‘reed...’ — 7/2 var

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skyldi 7/8

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’Ulfs 7/6

vald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength, power...’ — 7/9 var

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’vald 7/9

Yngvi (noun m.) ‘Yngvi, prince...’Yngva 7/10

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’þjóðar 7/10

þvít (conj.) ‘because, since...’ — 7/5

unlemmatised words — konung (7); mann (7)

unlemmatised variants — gafin (7); laka (7); lekjum (7)

 

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated