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Runic Dictionary

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 55

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

26 — Þjóð Yt 26I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Oc niðkvisl | i Noregi | þrottar þros | of þroaz hafþi | reþ Olafr | ofsa forðum | viðri grund | of vestmari | Unz fotverkr | vid folda(r) þrꜹm | vigmiþlung | ofviða skyllde | nu liɢr guɴdiarfr | a geirstꜹðom | herkonungr | hꜹgi ꜹsinn   [KS]  edit 
 F Ok níð kvisl i noregi þrottar þurs of þroaz | náði. reð olafr ofsa forðom viðri grund ok vest mari. vnndz | fót verkr vid folldar þrꜹm vigniðiong of viða skylldi∙ | ɴu líɢr gvɴðiarfr a geirstóðom herkonungr hꜹgi ausiɴ∙   [KS]  edit 
 J1x Oc nið | kvisl i noregi þrottar þros of þroaz hafde red olafr ofsa | forðum viðri grynd of vestmari Vnz fotverkr vid | folðar þrꜹm vigmiðlvng of viða skyllði nvligr | gunðiarfr a geiʀstꜹdum herkonungr hꜹgi avsinn   [KS]  edit 
 J2x Oc niðkvisl | i Noregi | þrottar þros | ofþroaz hafþe | reð Olafr | ofsa fordum | viðri grund | of vestmari | Unz fotverkr | vid foldar þrꜹm | vigmiðlung | of viða skyllde | nu liɢr gunndiarfr | a Geirstꜹðum |herkonungr ha | hꜹgi ꜹsinn   [KS]  edit 
 R685x Oc midkuisl i noregi | þrottar þros of þroaz hafde reð Olafr of sa fordum uidri grynd of uestmari | vnz fotuerkr vid foldar þraum uigmidlung of uida skylldi nuligr | gundiarfr a geirstaudum her konungr. haugi ausin.   [KS]  edit 
 Flat Red olafr upsa fordum | vida frægr ok uest marí godum likr ok grenlandz fylke undz fotuerkr vid | folldar þrom uígs fromozstum vard at grande• nu lígr gunndiarfra | gæírstodum her konungr sea hauge orpin  edit 

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