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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘ Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3. <> (accessed 24 September 2021)

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 53

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

25 — Þjóð Yt 25I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Varð Guðrøðr | hiɴ gofugláti | lómi beíttr | sá er fyr lꜹngo var. | oc vm ráþ | at ø̨lom stilli | hꜹfud heiptrø̨ct | at hilmi dró. | Oc lꜹn sigr | hiɴ lómgeði | áso áʀ | af jofri bar. | oc buðlungr | a be(þ)i fornom | stiflo sundz | um stungiɴ var. |   [KS]  edit 
 F Varþ gvðrꜹðr híɴ gꜹfugláti lómi | beíttr sa er fyr longo var.ok vm rað at élum stillí hꜹfud heípt rǿ̨k | at hilmí dró. Ok lꜹ΄nsigr híɴ er lómgerði aso áʀ of íofrí | báʀ∙ ok buðlungr a beði fornom stiflo suɴdz of stuɴgíɴ var.   [KS]  edit 
 J1x Varð gvdredr en gꜹfglati lómi bénr sa er fyr lꜹgu var ok vmrað | at ꜹlum stilli hꜹfud heiptrækt at hilmi dro Oklꜹnnsigr | en lóm geðe asv aʀ at iofri baʀ ok buðlinngr abéþe | fornum stiflu sundz of stvnginn var   [KS]  edit 
 J2x Varð Guðreþr | enn gꜹfuglati | lomi beitr | sa er fyr lgu var | oc vm rað | at ꜹlum stille | hꜹfut heiftrækt | at hilme dro | Oc lꜹnnligr | enn lomgeþi | asvaʀ |at jofri baʀ | oc buðlungr | a b(e)ði fornum | stiflu sundz | of stunginn var   [KS]  edit 
 R685x Vard gudredr. en gaufugladi lóini bet(æ) sa er. fyr laungu var | oc vm rad at aullum *ǫlom stilli haufud heiptr(ö)kt at hilmi dro. | Oc laun(n)sigr en lomgedr asu aʀ at iofri baʀ oc bu(þ)lungr | a beþi fornum stiflu sundz of stungin var.   [KS]  edit 

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