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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 48

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

22 — Þjóð Yt 22I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal 22’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 48.

Þat frá hverr,
at Half
Halfdanar
sǫkmiðlendr
sakna
sakna skyldu.
Ok hallvarps
hlífi-Nauma
þjóðkonung
á Þótni tók.
Ok Skæreið
í Skíringssal
of brynjalfs
beinum drúpir.

 

Everyone learned that the mediators had to feel the loss of Hálfdan. And {the protecting Nauma of the cairn} [= Hel] took the mighty king in Toten. And Skæreið mourns over the bones {of the mailcoat-elf} [WARRIOR] in Skíringssalr.

context: Hálfdan hvítbeinn ‘White-bone’, son of Óláfr trételgja ‘Wood-cutter’, is king of Heiðmǫrk (Hedmark) and extends his rule to Þótn (Toten), Haðaland (Hadeland) and Vestfold. He lives to a great age before dying of an illness in Þótn, and is buried in a mound in Vestfold.

texts: Yng 35 (I 27), Hkr 35 (I 27)

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal 30 (AI, 13-14; BI, 12); Skald I, 8, NN §79; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 77, IV, 22-3, ÍF 26, 76, Hkr 1991, I, 44 (Yng ch. 44), F 1871, 30; Yng 1912, 50, 68, Yng 2000, 63-4; Yt 1914, 15, Yt 1925, 206, 246-7.

sources

AM 35 folx (Kx) 40v, 11 - 40v, 22 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
Holm papp 18 folx (papp18x) 10r, 41 - 10r, 43 (Hkr)  image  
OsloUB 521 folx (521x) 50, 23 - 51, 5 (Hkr)  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 7ra, 4 - 7ra, 6 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 19v, 22 - 20r, 2 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 22v, 28 - 23r, 10 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
UppsUB R 685x (R685x) 21v, 14 - 21v, 16 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 62r, 5 - 62r, 16  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated