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Runic Dictionary

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 44

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

20 — Þjóð Yt 20I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Oc Ingialld | i fiorvan trað | reycs rꜹsuðr | a ræningi. | þa er husþiofr | hyriar leístom | goð konung | i gognum steig. | Oc sa urðr | allri þioðo | siallgætastr | med suium þótti. | er hann sialfr | sino fiorvi | frø̨cno fyrstr | um fara scyllde.   [KS]  edit 
 F Ok iɴgiald. i fiorván | traþ reyks rꜹsuðr a reíníɴgí. þa er húsþiofr hyriar leístom | goð konung i gøgnom stoð. Ok sa yrðr allri þíoðo saɴ geraztr með | svívm þotti. eɴ hann sialfr síno fíorví. frø̨kno fyrstr of fara villdi.|   [KS]  edit 
 J1x Oc ingialld i fior vantrað reyks rꜹsvðr | a ræningi þa er husþiofr hyriar listum goð kynning | i gꜹgnvm steig Ok sa yrðr allri þioðu sangeyrvaztr | med suium þotti er hann sialfr sinv fiorfi freknv fyr | str of fara villdi   [KS]  edit 
 J2x Oc Ingialld | i fiorvann | trað reiks [r]ꜹsuþr | a ræninge | þa er husþiofr | hyriar lystum | goðkynning | i gꜹgnum steig | Oc sa yrðr | allri þioðu | sanngeyrvaztr | með svium þotti | er hann sjalfr | sinu fiorfi | freknu fyrztr | of fara villde |   [KS]  edit 
 R685x Oc ingiald i fioruan trad reyk[s] | rausudr a ræiningi þa er husþiofr hyriar listum god | kynning i gaugnum steig. Ok sa yrdr allri þioþu sangeyruazt | med suium þotti. er hann sialfr sinu fiorfi freknu fyrstr of fara | uilldis.   [KS]  edit 

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