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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘ Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3. <> (accessed 25 June 2022)

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 44

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

20 — Þjóð Yt 20I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allri 20/10

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 20/4

4en (conj.) ‘than...’enn 20/13 var

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 20/13

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’ — 20/16

fjǫr (noun n.) ‘life...’fjǫrvi 20/14

frœkn (adj.) ‘brave, bold...’frœknu 20/15

fyrstr (num. ordinal) ‘first...’ — 20/15

gegnum (prep.) ‘through...’gǫgnum 20/8

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’ — 20/7

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’goðkong 20/7 var

goðkonungr (noun m.)goðkonung 20/7 var

goðkynningr (noun m.)goðkynning 20/7

1gǫrr (adj.) ‘ample, perfect...’gǫrvastr 20/11

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 20/13

hús (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘house...’ — 20/5

húsþjófr (noun m.) — 20/5

hyrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’hyrjar 20/6

Ingjaldr (noun m.) ‘Ingjaldr...’Ingjald 20/1

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 20/8

ífjǫrr (adj.) ‘[alive]...’ífjǫrvan 20/2

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’konung 20/7 var

kóngr (noun m.) ‘king...’kong 20/7 var

kynning (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u] ‘[descendant]...’ — 20/7

leistr (noun m.) [°; gen. -a] ‘foot-sole, last...’leistum 20/6

list (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘skill, art, virtue...’listum 20/6 var

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 20/12

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 20/16

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 20/1, 20/9

rausuðr (noun m.) ‘[gusher]...’ — 20/3

reykr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -i/-; -ir] ‘smoke...’reyks 20/3

Ræningr (noun m.) ‘Ræningr...’Ræningi 20/4

sanngǫrr (adj.)sanngǫrvastr 20/11

2sannr (adj.) [°-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘true...’sann 20/11

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 20/9

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sínu 20/14

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’ — 20/13

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skyldi 20/16

standa (verb) ‘stand...’stóð 20/8 var

stíga (verb) ‘step...’sté 20/8

Svíar (noun m.) ‘Swedes...’Svíum 20/12

troða (verb) ‘tread...’trað 20/2

urðr (noun m.)yrðr 20/9

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 20/16 var

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 20/5

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’þjóðu 20/10

þjófr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘thief...’ — 20/5

2þykkja (verb) ‘seem, think...’þótti 20/12

unlemmatised variants — freknu (20); hyrja (20); reiningi (20); sanngerr (20); sjællgætastr (20); villdis (20)


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