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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 42

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

19 — Þjóð Yt 19I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Varð Ǫnundr | jonacrs bura | harmi heptr | und himin fiollom. | oc ofvæg | eistra dolgi | heipt hrisungs | at hendi com. | Oc sa frꜹmuðr | foldar beínom | hꜹgna hrørs | um horfiɴ var. |   [KS]  edit 
 F Varð ꜹndr ionakrs búra harmi | hepptr vnd hímin fíollum ok of vǿ̨gr eistrar dolgí heípt hrí | sungs at hendi kom. ok sa frꜹmuðr folldaʀ beínom hꜹgna hreyrs of horfíɴ var.   [KS]  edit 
 J1x Varþ aunundr ionakrs bura harmi heftr vnder hi | minns fiollvm ok of veig eistrar dolgi heipt hrisings | at hende kom ok sa fromuðr folldar beinum hꜹgna | hreyrs of horfinn var   [KS]  edit 
 J2x Varð Aunundr | [Ionakrs] bura | [harmi] heftr | undir himins fiollum | oc [of]veig | eistr[ar] dolgi | (heipt) hrisung(s) | at hendi kom | (Oc sa) frǫmuðr | (foldar) beinum | [hꜷgna] hreyr(s) | [of horfinn] var |   [KS]  edit 
 R685x Var.þ. aunundr ionakrs bura harmi heft(r) uncr himins | fióllum oc of veig eistrar dolgi heipt hrisungs at hendi kom. oc sa frómudr | folldarbeinum haugna hreyrs of horfinn var.   [KS]  edit 

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Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated