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Runic Dictionary

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 34

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

15 — Þjóð Yt 15I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx fell Ottaʀ | undir ara greipar | duganligr | fyr dana vápnom. | þaɴ hergamr | hrægum fø̨ti | vitz boriɴ | a vendle sparn. | þꜹ fra ec verc | vǫtz oc fasta | sø̨nscri þioð | at sǫgom ver(þ)a | at eylandz | jarla fro(þ)a | vigframað | um vegiɴ hꜹfðo.   [KS]  edit 
 F Fell Ottar vndir ára | greipar. dvgandligr fyr dana vapnom∙ þaɴ hergamr hrø̨gvm fø̨ | tí víti boríɴ a vendli spáro∙ þꜹ fra ek verk vatz ok fasta sø̨s | nskri þioð at sꜹgom verþa. At eylandz jarlar froþa vig frꜹ΄moð | of vegít hofðo∙   [KS]  edit 
 J1x Fell Ottar undir ara greipar dugandligr fyri dana uapn | um þann hergamr hrægum færi uitz boriɴ a uændli | sparnn þꜹ fra ek verkuautz ok fasta sonskri þiod at sau | gum uerþa at eylandz .jj. froda uigfraumud of vægin hꜹf |dv   [KS]  edit 
 J2x fell Ottaʀ undir | ara greipar | dugandligr | fyri dana vapnom | þann hergamr | hrægum færi | vitz borinn | a vandli sparn | þꜹ fra ec verc | vꜹtz oc fasta | Sǫnskri þioð | at sꜹgum verða | at Eylandz | jar(lar) froða | vig frꜹmut | of vegit hofþu |   [KS]  edit 
 R685x Feill Ottur undir ara greipar. dugandligr firi dana uapnum þann | her.gamr hrægu(m) færi uitz borin a uændli sparnn þau fra ek verk. | uautz oc fasta sønskri þiod at saugum uerþa at eylandz JJ. Froda | uig fraumuð of uægin haufdu.   [KS]  edit 

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