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Runic Dictionary

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27 

for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

SkP info: I, 31

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

14 — Þjóð Yt 14I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal 14’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 31.

Ok lofsæll
ór landi
landi fló
Týs ôttungr
Tunna ríki.
En flæmingr
farra trjónu
jǫtuns eykr
á Agli rauð,
sás of austmǫrk
áðan hafði
brúna hǫrg
of borinn lengi.
En skíðlauss
Skilfinga nið
hœfis hjǫrr
til hjarta stóð.


And {the famous descendant of Týr} [= Swedish king] fled the country before the power of Tunni. And the roamer, {the draught-animal of the giant}, [BULL] which before had long borne {the cairn of the brows} [HEAD] about the eastern forest, reddened {its weapon of the bull} [HORN] upon Egill. And {the sheathless sword of the bull} [HORN] stuck in the heart {of the descendant of the Skilfingar}. [= Swedish king]

context: King Egill, son of Aun, is driven from the country by the farmhand Tunni, who instigates an uprising with other labourers. Egill finds refuge with the Danish king Fróði inn frœkni ‘the Valiant’ on Selund (Zealand). With the help of Danish fighters he routs Tunni, who dies in battle. Three years later, a bull that should have been sacrificed escapes into the forest, turns mad and becomes a great danger to the people. Egill encounters this bull while hunting, and it kills him. He is buried in a mound in Uppsala.

notes: This stanza seems exceptional within Yt insofar as it gives details of the king’s life, not only the circumstances of his death. Noteworthy in connection with Egill’s killing by a bull is that the Danish king Fróði, to whom he flees, dies the same way: pierced either by a stag’s antlers while hunting (Skjǫldunga saga, ÍF 35, 15) or by the horn of a sorceress transformed into a cow (Saxo 2005, I, 5, 16, 2, pp. 359-60). For other related narratives cf. Schück (1905-10, 110) and Olrik (1903-1910, II, 246-9).

texts: Yng 22 (I 19a), Hkr 22 (I 19a)

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal 17-18 (AI, 11; BI, 10); Skald I, 6-7, NN §§75, 854, 1808; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 51, IV, 15-16, ÍF 26, 52-3, Hkr 1991, I, 30 (Yng ch. 26), F 1871, 19-20; Yng 1912, 34, 63-4, Yng 2000, 40; Yt 1914, 9, Yt 1925, 202, 235-7.


AM 35 folx (Kx) 28v, 11 - 28v, 18 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
Holm papp 18 folx (papp18x) 7v, 33 - 7v, 36 (Hkr)  image  
OsloUB 521 folx (521x) 32, 10 - 32, 25 (Hkr)  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 5ra, 6 - 5ra, 8 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 15v, 10 - 15v, 17 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
UppsUB R 685x (R685x) 15v, 15 - 15v, 18 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 59r, 11 - 59v, 5  image  
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