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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

2. Poem about Haraldr hárfagri (Har) - 5

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Poem about Haraldr hárfagri — Þjóð HarI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Poem about Haraldr hárfagri’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 60.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte (AI, 20-1, BI, 18-19)

SkP info: I, 61

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Þjóð Har 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Poem about Haraldr hárfagri 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 61.

Nam minnigr         marga speki
af gǫmlum mǫnnum,         sás goll miðlaði.
Vas ástúðigr         ǫllu folki
Upplanda gramr         af ǫrleik sínum.

Minnigr, sás miðlaði goll, nam marga speki af gǫmlum mǫnnum. {Gramr Upplanda} vas ástúðigr ǫllu folki af ǫrleik sínum.

The one with a good memory who shared out gold acquired much wisdom from old men. {The ruler of Opplandene} [NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr] was beloved of all the people for his munificence.

texts: HarHárf 2, Flat 396

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte 2 (AI, 20; BI, 19);

Skald I, 12; Fms 10, 178, Fms 12, 224, Flat 1860-8, I, 567 (HarHárf).

sources

GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 76ra, 37 - 76ra, 39 (Flat)  transcr.  image  image  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 22r - 22r (Harkv)  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated