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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

III. 1. Haustlǫng (Haustl) - 20

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Haustlǫng — Þjóð HaustlIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 431.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng (AI, 16-20, BI, 14-18)

SkP info: III, 441

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

7 — Þjóð Haustl 7III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 441.

Þá varð fastr við fóstra
farmr Sigvinjar arma,
sás ǫll regin eygja,
ǫndurgoðs, í bǫndum.
Loddi rô við ramman
reimuð Jǫtunheima,
en holls vinar Hœnis
hendr við stangar enda.

Þá varð {{farmr arma} Sigvinjar}, sás ǫll regin eygja í bǫndum, fastr við {fóstra {ǫndurgoðs}}. Rô loddi við {ramman reimuð Jǫtunheima}, en hendr {holls vinar Hœnis} við enda stangar.

Then {{the cargo of the arms} [LOVER] of Sigyn <goddess>} [= Loki], the one whom all the divine powers eye in bonds, was [stuck] fast to {the fosterer {of the ski-deity}} [= Skaði > = Þjazi]. The staff stuck to {the mighty haunter of Jǫtunheimar} [= Þjazi], and the hands {of the loyal friend of Hœnir} [= Loki] [stuck] to the end of the pole.

Mss: R(25v), Tˣ(26r), W(55) (SnE)

Readings: [2] Sigvinjar (‘sigyniar’): so all others, Signýjar R    [3] sás (‘sa er’): þá er W    [4] ǫndur‑: ‘aundr’ Tˣ;    bǫndum: hǫndum W

Editions: Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, 2. Haustlǫng 7: AI, 17, BI, 15, Skald I, 10, NN §§158, 2504; SnE 1848-87, I, 310-1, III, 43-4, SnE 1931, 112, SnE 1998, I, 32.

Context: As for st. 1.

Notes: [All]: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 1), after Loki had hurled the pole at the eagle, the latter managed to jerk away and fly up, with one end stuck fast in his body and the other end to Loki’s hands. — [1, 4] fóstra ǫndurgoðs ‘the fosterer of the ski-deity [= Skaði > = Þjazi]’: See Note to st. 5/2, 4. — [2] farmr arma Sigvinjar ‘the cargo of the arms [LOVER] of Sigyn <goddess> [= Loki]’: Sigyn was Loki’s wife (cf. SnE 2005, 27); there are a number of similarly formed kennings for the wives or mistresses of supernatural figures in the skaldic corpus (cf. Meissner 252-3, 255). The reference to Sigyn here may well be a pointed one; see the following Note and Holtsmark (1949, 26). The more archaic form of the name (Sigvinjar rather than Sigynjar) is required by the metre (see Note to Bragi Rdr 2/3-4). — [3, 4] sás ǫll regin eygja í bǫndum ‘the one whom all the divine powers eye in bonds’: This rel. clause allows Þjóðólfr to look forward in mythic time to when Loki was punished by the gods for his part (according to some sources, e.g. SnE 2005, 48-9) in bringing about the death of Óðinn’s and Frigg’s son Baldr. Gylf (SnE 2005, 49) gives a detailed account of how the Æsir bound Loki to three stone slabs within a cave, where Skaði (perhaps to pay Loki back for his part in the Þjazi myth narrated here) fixed a poisonous snake above him so that it dripped poison continually onto his face. Sigyn’s role was to hold a basin under the drops of poison, but, whenever she had to empty it, Loki shuddered and caused an earthquake. Thus, says Gylf, Loki will lie in bonds until Ragnarǫk. — [6] reimuð Jǫtunheima ‘haunter of Jǫtunheimar [= Þjazi]’: The lexical sense of the hap. leg. noun reimuðr is uncertain, though it has usually been associated with the phrase þar er reimt ‘the place is haunted’ (cf. LP: reimuðr; Holtsmark 1949, 26-7). Kock (NN §158), however, suggests it means ‘one who rises high’, a term for a giant represented as large of stature. Jǫtunheimar (pl.) is the world of the giants, imagined in Old Norse cosmology as north (cf. st. 10/4 sunnan ‘from the south’, the direction from which Iðunn comes) or east of the gods’ home Ásgarðr.

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated