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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

III. 1. Haustlǫng (Haustl) - 20

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Haustlǫng — Þjóð HaustlIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘ Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 431. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=1438> (accessed 24 September 2021)

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Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng (AI, 16-20, BI, 14-18)

SkP info: III, 435

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Þjóð Haustl 3III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 435.

Tormiðlaðr vas tívum
talhreinn meðal beina;
hvat kvað * hapta snytrir
hjalmfaldinn því valda.
Margspakr of nam mæla
môr valkastar bôru
— vasat Hœnis vinr hônum
hollr — af fornum þolli.

 

{The dung-reindeer} [OX] was difficult for the gods to pierce between the shanks; {the helmet-capped instructor of the divine powers} [= Óðinn] said something was causing this. {The deeply wise seagull {of the wave of the corpse-heap}} [BLOOD > RAVEN/EAGLE = Þjazi] began to speak from an ancient tree; {the friend of Hœnir} [= Loki] was not well-disposed to him.

context: As for st. 1. In addition, ll. 1-4 are cited again in mss R, , U, A and C in a section of Skm (SnE 1998, I, 84) exemplifying alternative names for the Old Norse gods, in this case hǫpt ‘fetters’ (hapta, l. 3).

notes: [1-2]: A different construal of these lines is offered by Finnur Jónsson and Faulkes. They take tormiðlaðr beina as ‘a difficult, slow deliverer of service’ or possibly ‘of bones’ (Faulkes, SnE 1998, II, 414: tormiðlaðr; cf. LP: tormiðlaðr), referring ironically to the giant Þjazi, and assume a cpd adj. meðaltálhreinn ‘middlingly free of deceit’, hence, with ironic litotes, very deceitful, also describing Þjazi (Skj B and LP: meðaltálhreinn, tálhreinn; Faulkes, ibid., II, 353: meðal, II, 412: tálhreinn). Meðal is displaced by tmesis. Finnur in Skj B further regards meðaltálhreinn as substantivised and translates Den svigfulde var den, som hindrede måltidet for guderne ‘The deceitful one was the one who hindered the gods’ meal’.

texts: Skm 95, Skm 308, SnE 97, SnE 310

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng 3 (AI, 16; BI, 14); Skald I,10, NN §§1015, 2504, 3396C; SnE 1848-87, I, 306-9, 468-71, II, 340, 447, 591, III, 41, SnE 1931, 111, 166, SnE 1998, I, 31, 84.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R*) 25v, 5 - 25v, 8 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
GKS 2367 4° (R*) 36v, 30 - 36v, 32 [1-4] (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx*) 26r, 23 - 26r, 25 (SnE)  transcr.  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx*) 38v, 1 - 38v, 2 [1-4] (SnE)  transcr.  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 55, 15 - 55, 17 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
DG 11 (U) 36r, 22 - 36r, 23 [1-4] (SnE)  transcr.  image  
AM 748 I b 4° (A) 12v, 28 - 12v, 29 [1-4] (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 748 II 4° (C) 6r, 11 - 6r, 12 [1-4] (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 78r, 16 - 78r, 19 [1-4] (Skáldatal)  image  
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