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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

III. 1. Haustlǫng (Haustl) - 20

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Haustlǫng — Þjóð HaustlIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 431.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng (AI, 16-20, BI, 14-18)

SkP info: III, 460

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

19 — Þjóð Haustl 19III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 19’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 460.

Ok harðbrotin herju
heimþingaðar Vingnis
hvein í hjarna mœni
hein at Grundar sveini,
þar svát eðr í Óðins
ólaus burar hausi
stála vikr of stokkin*
stóð Eindriða blóði,

 

And the hard-broken whetstone {of the home-visitor {of the female follower of Vingnir}} [GIANTESS > GIANT = Hrungnir] flew whining towards {the boy of Grund} [= Þórr] into {the roof-ridge of his brain}, [SKULL] so that {the pumice of steel weapons}, [WHETSTONE] still stuck in the skull {of the son of Óðinn}, [= Þórr] stood there, spattered with the blood of Eindriði,

context: As for st. 14.

notes: Stanza 19 describes the moment when a piece of Hrungnir’s whetstone flew through the air and lodged in Þórr’s head, causing him to fall to the ground. The whetstone, which Hrungnir used as a weapon, had shattered in a mid-air collision with Þórr’s hammer, according to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 22). — [5-8]: The second helmingr links syntactically and grammatically with the first helmingr of st. 20, which begins with the conj. áðr ‘until’. The whetstone fragment remains in Þórr’s skull until he is operated on by the sorceress Gróa (see st. 20 and Note to [All] there).

texts: Skm 71, SnE 73

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng 19 (AI, 20; BI, 18); Skald I, 12; SnE 1848-87, I, 282-3, II, 23, SnE 1931, 105, SnE 1998, I, 24.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R) 24r, 9 - 24r, 11 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 24v, 15 - 24v, 17 (SnE)  transcr.  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 51, 22 - 51, 24 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
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