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Runic Dictionary

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

III. 1. Haustlǫng (Haustl) - 20

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Haustlǫng — Þjóð HaustlIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘ Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 431. <> (accessed 25 October 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng (AI, 16-20, BI, 14-18)

SkP info: III, 453

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

14 — Þjóð Haustl 14III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 14’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 453.

Eðr of sér, es jǫtna
ótti lét of sóttan
hellis b*ǫr, á hyrjar,
haugs Grjótúna, baugi.
Ók at ísarnleiki
Jarðar sunr, en dunði
— móðr svall Meila blóða —
mána vegr und hônum.


Furthermore one can see on the shield-ring of fire, where {the terror of giants} [= Þórr] made a visit to {the tree of the cave {of the mound of Grjótún}}. [= Grjótúnagarðar > GIANT = Hrungnir] {The son of Jǫrð} [= Þórr] drove to {the iron-play}, [BATTLE] and {the path of the moon} [SKY/HEAVEN] resounded beneath him; the anger {of the brother of Meili} [= Þórr] swelled.

context: Haustl sts 14-20 are cited as a sequence in Skm (in mss R, and W) after the prose narration of the myth of the giant Hrungnir, in which the giant first makes a nuisance of himself in Ásgarðr and then, after Þórr has challenged him to a duel, engages with the god in a single combat, where Þórr has Þjálfi as his second, and Hrungnir has a clay giant by the name of Mǫkkurkálfi (SnE 1998, I, 20-2). The sequence of stanzas is introduced with the statement: Eptir þessi sǫgu hefir ort Þjóðólfr hvinverski í Haustlǫng. Svá segir þar … ‘Þjóðólfr from Hvinir has composed [a poem] based on this story in Haustlǫng. It says there …’. Lines 5-8 of st. 14 are also cited again a little later in Skm (SnE 1998, I, 34) in mss R, , W, U and B to exemplify kennings for ‘sky’, in this case vegr mána ‘the path of the moon’ (l. 8).

texts: Skm 66, Skm 109 [5-8], SnE 68, SnE 111

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng 14 (AI, 19; BI, 17); Skald I, 11, NN §§139, 1018 Anm. 2, 1529 Anm., 2722, 2985D; SnE 1848-87, I, 278-9, 316-17, II, 314, 526, III, 21, SnE 1931, 104, 114, SnE 1998, I, 22-3, 34.


GKS 2367 4° (R*) 23v, 34 - 23v, 36 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
GKS 2367 4° (R*) 26r, 9 - 26r, 10 [5-8] (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx*) 24v, 4 - 24v, 6 (SnE)  transcr.  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx*) 26v, 24 - 26v, 25 [5-8] (SnE)  transcr.  image  
AM 242 fol (W*) 51, 11 - 51, 13 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
AM 242 fol (W*) 56, 15 - 56, 16 [5-8] (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
DG 11 (U) 29r, 14 - 29r, 15 [5-8] (SnE)  transcr.  image  
AM 757 a 4° (B) 5r, 2 - 5r, 3 [5-8] (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 744 4°x (744x) 28v, 7 - 28v, 10 [5-8] (SnE)  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 78r, 2 - 78r, 5 [5-8] (Skáldatal)  image  
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