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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

III. 1. Haustlǫng (Haustl) - 20

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Haustlǫng — Þjóð HaustlIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 431.

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Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng (AI, 16-20, BI, 14-18)

SkP info: III, 451

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

13 — Þjóð Haustl 13III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 451.

Hófu skjótt, en skófu,
skǫpt, ginnregin, brinna
en sunr biðils sviðnar
— sveipr varð í fǫr — Greipar.
Þats of fátt á fjalla
Finns iljabrú minni.
Baugs þák bifum fáða
bifkleif at Þórleifi.

 

Shafts quickly began to burn, which the mighty powers had shaved, and {the son {of the wooer of Greip}} [GIANT > = Þjazi] is scorched; there was a swerve in his course. That’s depicted on {my footsole-bridge {of the Finnr of the mountains}}. [GIANT = Hrungnir > SHIELD] I received {the quivering cliff of the shield-boss}, [SHIELD] decorated with moving stories, from Þorleifr.

context: As for st. 1.

notes: The last two lines of this stanza in R are now very faint. Evidently earlier eds (e.g. Finnur Jónsson in Skj A) were able to read more of the text than is now legible. However, the same two lines, which form the drápa’s stef or refrain, are legible on fol. 24r of R, as ll. 7-8 of st. 20, though there are some differences there from what is legible of the text here. This is the last stanza of Haustl to treat the myth of Þjazi’s abduction of Iðunn. The narrative is concluded in the first helmingr, which alludes to the gods’ killing of Þjazi. As the giant, in eagle form, pursued Loki in the form of a falcon, still holding Iðunn in his claws, transformed to a nut, the gods set fire to a pile of wood-shavings, placed just inside the wall of Ásgarðr. Loki let himself drop down low over the wall, and the eagle followed suit but overshot the mark and fell into the fire, scorching his wings. The gods then set upon Þjazi and killed him (SnE 1998, I, 2). — [5-8]: This helmingr indicates that the first section of the drápa is ending; the poet refers in two elaborate kennings to the shield he has received from his patron, Þorleifr (cf. st. 1/4), and indicates that the decorated shield is alive with images of narratives (see Note to ll. 7-8 below), two of which he is recounting. Cf. Bragi Rdr sts 7 and 12.

texts: Skm 105, SnE 107

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng 13 (AI, 18; BI, 17); Skald I, 11, NN §§225, 1811; SnE 1848-87, I, 314-15, III, 47, SnE 1931, 113, SnE 1998, I, 33.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R) 25v, 32 - 25v, 35 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 26v, 11 - 26v, 13 (SnE)  transcr.  image  
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