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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

III. 1. Haustlǫng (Haustl) - 20

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Haustlǫng — Þjóð HaustlIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 431.

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Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng (AI, 16-20, BI, 14-18)

SkP info: III, 449

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

12 — Þjóð Haustl 12III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 449.

Heyrðak svá, þat síðan
sveik apt ása leiku
hugreynandi Hœnis
hauks flugbjalfa aukinn.
Ok lómhugaðr lagði
leikblaðs Reginn fjaðrar
ern at ǫglis barni
arnsúg faðir Mǫrnar.

 

I have heard thus, that {the thought-trier of Hœnir}, [= Loki] strengthened with a hawk’s {flight-skin}, [WINGS] afterwards recovered {the playmate of the gods} [= Iðunn] by trickery. And {the deceit-minded father of Mǫrn}, [= Þjazi] {the Reginn {of the play-blade of the feather}}, [WING > GIANT = Þjazi] directed a swift eagle-sucking at {the hawk’s child}. [HAWK = Loki]

context: As for st. 1.

notes: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 2), after the gods had threatened Loki with death or torture, he became so frightened that he undertook to journey to Jǫtunheimar and recover Iðunn, if Freyja would lend him her falcon shape (valshamr). He flew in this shape north to Jǫtunheimar and discovered Þjazi rowing out to sea, having left Iðunn at home alone. Loki found her, turned her into a nut, and flew back to Ásgarðr with her in his claws. Þjazi soon discovered his loss, adopted his eagle shape and set off in hot pursuit of Loki, ok dró arnsúg í flugnum ‘and caused an eagle-sucking in his flying’. See Note to ll. 7, 8 below. — [5-8]: Several possible syntactic arrangements of these lines have been proposed. Lómhugaðr ‘deceit-minded’ (l. 5) can be taken either with Reginn, legendary smith name (l. 6) or faðir ‘father’ (l. 8). Both nouns form kennings for Þjazi. Most eds and commentators have opted for the adj. to qualify faðir Mǫrnar (l. 8), but Kock (NN §138), followed by Holtsmark (1949, 36), favours the connection with Reginn. Marold (1983, 167, 185-7) argues on the basis of the kenning-type that lómhugaðr faðir Mǫrnar is the more likely arrangement. The adj. ern ‘swift, energetic’ (l. 7) may be construed with reginn and the kenning of which it forms part (see following Note) or with arnsúg ‘eagle-sucking’ (l. 8), as argued by Kock (NN §138) and Marold (1983, 167). For the gen. form Mǫrnar, see Note to st. 6/4 above.

texts: Skm 104, SnE 106

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng 12 (AI, 18-19; BI, 16); Skald I, 11, NN §§138, 159; SnE 1848-87, I, 314-15, III, 46-7, SnE 1931, 112, SnE 1998, I, 33.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R) 25v, 29 - 25v, 32 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 26v, 8 - 26v, 10 (SnE)  transcr.  image  
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