Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)
9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;
1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37
2. Poem about Haraldr hárfagri (Har) - 5
3. Lausavísur (Lv) - 2
III. 1. Haustlǫng (Haustl) - 20
Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.
Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 431.
Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng (AI, 16-20, BI, 14-18)
SkP info: III, 432
1 — Þjóð Haustl 1III
Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 432.
context: Stanzas 1-13 of Haustl are quoted as a block in three mss of SnE R, Tˣ (minus st. 4) and W (minus sts 11/6-13/8) after a short section of Skm on names and periphrases for Norse goddesses. The stanzas come after the listing of kennings for the goddess Iðunn, and are introduced with the statement: Eptir þeiri sǫgu orti Þjóðólfr hinn hvinverski í Haustlǫng ‘Þjóðólfr from Kvinesdal (Hvinir) composed [verses] in Haustlǫng based on that story’.
notes: Although the ms. transmission of
this stanza is poor, it clearly forms an introduction to the drápa, in which Þjóðólfr exclaims at the task of
repaying with a poem the generosity of his patron, Þorleifr, for the gift of a
decorated shield, and begins to describe what he can see on its painted
surface. — [1-4]: Lines 1-4 are largely illegible in R and missing words are supplied from Tˣ and W. Finnur Jónsson (Skj A) was able to read ‘Hve skal æk gott gioldvm’ in l. 1, but these words are illegible now. Line 3 is lacking in all mss; it is omitted in Tˣ and the scribe of W left a gap for it, but the gap was never filled. —  fats ‘of the clothing’: An emendation, first proposed by Konráð Gíslason (1876, 329 and see Skj AI, 16 n.), for all mss’ ‘vez’ or ‘uez’, which does not make sense. Skald (cf. NN §1809) emends to nets, giving the kenning nets Hildar ‘of the net of Hildr [SHIELD]’, but this emendation does not provide aðalhending.
texts: ‹Skm 93›,
editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng 1 (AI, 16; BI, 14); Skald I, 9, NN §§157, 1809, 2985D, 3036, 3197A; SnE 1848-87, I, 306-7, III, 40, SnE 1931, 111, SnE 1998, I, 30.