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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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Þorbjǫrn hornklofi (Þhorn)

9th century; volume 1; ed. R. D. Fulk;

1. Glymdrápa (Gldr) - 10

Little is known about the Norwegian Þorbjǫrn hornklofi ‘Horn-cleaver (?)’. Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273) names him as a poet of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ (r. c. 860-c. 932). Judging from Fsk (ÍF 29, 59), he seems to have spent his whole life at the court of this king. Þorbjǫrn is the composer of two poems about Haraldr, Glymdrápa (Þhorn Gldr) and Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv). Skálda saga, an anecdote about skalds preserved in Hb, and hardly likely to be historical, depicts him as one of three skalds, the other two being Auðunn illskælda ‘Bad-poet’ and Ǫlvir hnúfa ‘Snub-nose (?)’, each of whom attempts a romantic encounter with the same rich widow and then bemoans his failure in a lausavísa (see Auðunn Lv 2, Þhorn Lv, Ǫlv Lv 2). The three skalds are also named in Egils saga (ÍF 2, 19) as Haraldr’s favourites. They occupy places of honour in his hall, with Þorbjǫrn between the other two.

In the prose sources Þorbjǫrn is predominantly referred to only by his nickname Hornklofi. To date there is no satisfying explanation of this word. It is attested in the Þulur as a raven-heiti (see Þul Hrafns 1/5III and Note), but it does not occur in that sense in the surviving body of skaldic poetry. Scholars have claimed that the nickname refers to Þorbjǫrn’s device, in Þhorn Harkv, of having a raven speak in his stead (SnE 1848-87, III, 408; ÍF 26, 101 n. 1). Fidjestøl (1991, 126) is, however, justified in doubting this interpretation. An alternative possibility would be to link the nickname to Egill Hfl 16/6-7V (Eg 49): en jǫfurr heldr lǫndum hornklofi ‘and the ruler holds his lands by a hornklof’. But hornklofi here must be the dative of neuter hornklof, whereas Þorbjǫrn’s nickname is a masculine n-stem, and unfortunately the meaning of this passage is obscure, though hornklof seems to be some kind of tool.

my abbr.

Glymdrápa — Þhorn GldrI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘ Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, Glymdrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 73. <> (accessed 2 December 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9 

for reference only:  4x 

Skj: Þórbjǫrn hornklofi: 1. Glymdrápa (AI, 22-4, BI, 20-1); stanzas (if different): 3, 4/1-4 | 4/5-8

SkP info: I, 83

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

4 — Þhorn Gldr 4I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx ok allz næfrir jofrar | orðalꜹst at morði | endiz rꜹðra randa | rꜹð dynscotum kvꜹddr  edit 
 51x þar sva at banz at borðe | borð ho᷎lkvi rac norðan | lifar valdr firir hilldar | rægg doglinga tvæggia. | Oc orð no᷎frir iofrar | orða laust at morðe | enndiz rauðra rannda | rauð dunskotom cvadduz |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 302x þar sva at banz at borðe | borð ho᷎lkvi rac norðan | lifar valdr firir hilldar | rægg doglinga tvæggia . | Oc orð no᷎frir iofrar | orða laust at morðe || enndiz rauðra rannda | rauð dunskotom cvadduz. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 FskAx þars sva at barz at borðe | borð hꝍ[...]kvi rac norðan | hlifðar valdr firir hildar | hregg doghlinga tveggia || Oc osnæfrir jofrar | orðaloust at morðe | endizk rouðra randa | roddun skotom kvoddosz |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 52x þarz sva at barz at borðe | borð hꝍskyi rac norðan | hlifðar valdr fyrir hildar | hreɢ doglinga tveɢia | Oc osnæfrir jofrar | orðaloust at morði | endizc rouðra randa | roddun skotom kvoddosz |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 301x þars sva at barz at borði | borðhꝍscvi rac norþan , hlifðar valdr firir hildar , hregg | doglingha tveggia . Voc osnæfrir jofrar orða loust | at morðe , endiz rouðra rannda , rodd dunskotom kvodd | oz ,   [VEÞ]  edit 

Text version list disabled due to query errors

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated