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Þorkell hamarskáld (Þham)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

1. Magnússdrápa (Magndr) - 5

Þorkell hamarskáld (Þham) is unknown. His nickname implies that he came from a farm called Hamarr (meaning ‘Crag’; Finnur Jónsson 1907, 246) or that he might have composed about a person with the nickname hamarr ‘Hammer’ (Lind 1920-1, 134). Þorkell must have stayed in Norway prior to 1066, because he composed a poem about Eysteinn orri ‘Black Grouse’ Þorbergsson (d. 1066) whom he seems to have known personally (Skáldatal, SnE 1848-87, III, 269, 286; Mork 1928-32, 279-80). Skáldatal also lists him among the poets of Óláfr kyrri ‘the Quiet’ Haraldsson and his son, Magnús berfœttr ‘Barelegs’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275-6). We do not know whether Þorkell came from Norway or Iceland, but in a helmingr attributed to him in SnE (Skm), he speaks of a gift that a ruler had sent to him of svalan ægi ‘across the cool sea’ (Þham Frag 1/3III), which suggests that he was an Icelander. See also SnE 1848-87, III, 616-18; LH 1894-1901, II, 54-5. In addition to his drápa about Magnús berfœttr and the helmingr in SnE (edited in SkP III), one lv. by Þorkell survives (see Þham Lv below).

Magnússdrápa — Þham MagndrII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Þorkell hamarskáld, Magnússdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 409-14.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5 

Skj: Þórkell hamarskáld: 1. Magnúsdrápa, o. 1104 (AI, 438-9, BI, 407-8)

SkP info: II, 411-12

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Þham Magndr 3II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Þorkell hamarskáld, Magnússdrápa 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 411-12.

Dunði broddr á brynju;
bragningr skaut af magni;
sveigði allvaldr Egða
alm; stǫkk blóð á hjalma.
Strengs fló hagl í hringa;
hné ferð, en lét verða
Hǫrða gramr í harðri
hjarlsókn banat jarli.

 

The arrow-point resounded against the byrnie; the sovereign shot with strength; {the mighty ruler of the Egðir} [NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús] bent the elm-bow; blood spurted onto helmets. {The hail of the bow-string} [ARROWS] flew into chain-mail; the company fell, and {the lord of the Hǫrðar} [NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús] caused the earl to be killed in the hard battle for land.

context: Magnús killed Earl Hugh of Shrewsbury (Hugi inn prúði ‘the Proud’) at the battle of the Menai Strait, between northern Wales and Anglesey, in 1098.

notes: For this battle, see Bkrepp Magndr 11 and Gísl Magnkv 10-13. See also Power 1986, 109-11 and the literature cited there.

texts: Fsk 257, H-Hr 271, Mberf 17 (III 183), Mork 141, Orkn 30, Hkr 565 (III 183)

editions: Skj Þórkell hamarskáld: 1. Magnúsdrápa 3 (AI, 438; BI, 408); Skald I, 201, NN §2908; Mork 1867, 145, Mork 1928-32, 319, Andersson and Gade 2000, 300, 485 (Mberf); Fms 7, 46 (Mberf ch. 22); F 1871, 271 (Mberf); ÍF 28, 223 (Mberf ch. 10), E 1916, 119; ÍF 29, 308 (ch. 81); Orkn 1913-16, 102, ÍF 34, 96-7 (ch. 39).

sources

GKS 1009 fol (Mork) 23r, 49 - 23r, 50 (Mork)  image  image  image  
AM 66 fol (H) 89r, 26 - 89r, 26 (H-Hr)  image  image  image  image  
GKS 1010 fol (Hr) 61va, 35 - 61vb (H-Hr)  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 58va, 26 - 58va, 30  image  image  image  image  
AM 63 folx (Kx) 598v, 2 - 598v, 9 (Hkr)  image  
AM 39 fol (39) 34vb, 2 - 34vb, 2 (Hkr)  image  
AM 47 fol (E) 34r, 5 - 34r, 7 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 311r, 4 - 311r, 11 (Hkr)  image  
AM 42 folx (42x) 11v, 14 - 11v, 14 (Hkr)  image  
OsloUB 371 folx (FskBx) 85v - 86r (Fsk)  image  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 338, 1 - 338, 8 (Fsk)  image  
AM 325 III α 4° (325III α) 2r - 2r (Orkn)  image  
UppsUB R 702x (R702x) 40v - 40v (Orkn)  image  
AM 51 folx (51x) 75v, 21 - 75v, 28 (Fsk)  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 125r, 4 - 125r, 8 (Fsk)  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated