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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

I. 2. Liðsmannaflokkr (Liðs) - 10

not in Skj

2.1: Liðsmannaflokkr (‘Flokkr of the household troops’) — Anon LiðsI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Liðsmannaflokkr’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1014.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10 

Skj: Anonyme digte om historiske personer og begivenheder [XI]: [2]. Liðsmannaflokkr (AI, 422-3, BI, 391-3); stanzas (if different): 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

SkP info: I, 1027

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

9 — Anon Liðs 9I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Liðsmannaflokkr 9’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1027.

Hvern morgin sér horna
Hlǫkk á Tempsar bakka
— skalat Hanga má hungra —
hjalmskóð roðin blóði.
Rýðr eigi sá sveigir
sára lauk í ári,
hinns Grjótvarar gætir,
gunnborðs, fyr Stað norðan.

Hvern morgin sér {Hlǫkk horna} {hjalmskóð} roðin blóði á bakka Tempsar; {má Hanga} skalat hungra. {Sá sveigir {gunnborðs}}, hinns gætir Grjótvarar fyr norðan Stað, rýðr eigi {lauk sára} í ári.

Every morning {the Hlǫkk <valkyrie> of drinking horns} [WOMAN] sees {the helmet-destroyers} [SWORDS] reddened with blood on the bank of the Thames; {the seagull of Hangi <= Óðinn>} [RAVEN/EAGLE] must not go hungry. {That brandisher {of the battle-plank}} [SHIELD > WARRIOR] who watches over Grjótvǫr [Steinvǫr] to the north of Stad does not redden {the leek of wounds} [SWORD] in a hurry.

Mss: Flat(186vb) (Flat); DG8(73r) (ÓHLeg); JÓ(24), 20dˣ(9v), 873ˣ(11v), 41ˣ(9r) (Knýtl, ll. 1-4)

Readings: [1] Hvern: hver 20dˣ    [2] Tempsar: ‘Tempár’ 20dˣ    [3] skalat: skal DG8;    má: ‘mæy’ DG8    [4] hjalm‑: hræ JÓ, 20dˣ, 873ˣ, 41ˣ;    roðin: lituð JÓ, 20dˣ, 873ˣ, 41ˣ

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte om historiske personer og begivenheder [XI], [2]. Liðsmannaflokkr 6: AI, 423 (ll. 1-4), 221 (ll. 5-8), BI, 392 (ll. 1-4), 211 (ll. 5-8), Skald I, 194 (ll. 1-4), 110 (ll. 5-8), NN §1992Flat 1860-8, III, 238, ÓH 1941, II, 684; ÓHLeg 1922, 11, ÓHLeg 1982, 52-3; Knýtl 1919-25, 46, ÍF 35, 116 (ch. 14).

Context: In the Óláfr sagas, as for st. 1; in Knýtl, as for st. 2.

Notes: [All]: In Knýtl, sts 9/1-4 and 8/5-8 form a single stanza. — [3] má Hanga skalat hungra ‘the seagull of Hangi <= Óðinn> [RAVEN/EAGLE] must not go hungry’: is in the acc. case since the verb hungra ‘hunger, go hungry’ is impersonal. — [5-8]: This is the second occurrence of the refrain-like helmingr (see Note to st. 3/5-8), and this stanza also recapitulates other material used earlier in the flokkr. As explained in the Note to st. 3/5-8, Finnur Jónsson in Skj treats st. 9/5-8 as a variant of 3/5-8, and hence prints only ll. 1-4 of st. 9, except that ll. 7-8 are printed in a note to Skj AI, 221. — [7] Grjótvarar ‘Grjótvǫr [Steinvǫr]’: The (presumed) girlfriend under the protection of her unnamed father or guardian is named as Grjótvǫr, which appears to be ofljóst for Steinvǫr since grjót and steinn both mean ‘stone’ and the name Steinvǫr is attested while Grjótvǫr is not. The ‘stone’ element in the name, emphasised by ofljóst, chimes in with those in sts 6/7-8 and 8/4, but for what rhetorical purpose is unclear. This woman is mentioned nowhere else and may have been no more than the stereotypical ‘girl back home’. In an excerpt from Styrmir’s saga of Óláfr helgi in Flat, Óláfr composes a lausavísa (Ólhelg Lv 4) about the loss of a girlfriend, and there too there is mention of Staðr and a play on the idea of stones. — [8] Stað ‘Stad’: This is presumably the peninsula Stad or Stadlandet, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway.

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