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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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Þorvaldr Hjaltason (ÞHjalt)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

Lausavísur (Lv) - 2

Little is known of this poet (ÞHjalt) beyond what is reported in the prose surrounding his two lausavísur (see Contexts below). Indeed, it is uncertain whether Þorvaldr was regarded as a poet, since Flat (1860-8, II, 73) adds after Lv 2 that he never composed before or since, so far as is known (a statement treated with scepticism by Finnur Jónsson, LH I, 543). A man of this name is recorded in Ldn (ÍF 1, 238, cf. also 282), where Þorvaldr and his brother Þórðr are the sons of Hjalti, the eponymous settler of Hjaltadalur (Skagafjörður, northern Iceland). They are depicted as impressive men and they feature in a number of sagas of Icelanders (Íslendingasögur), but it is not certain whether this Þorvaldr is the same as the poet (ÍF 1, 238 n. 2). The Þorvaldr in Ldn is not described as a skald, though the neighbourhood bred the poets Glúmr Geirason (Glúmr) and Oddr breiðfirðingr (ObreiðV), and Þorvaldr and Þórðr are the subject of Anon (Ldn) 4aIV.

Lausavísur — ÞHjalt LvI

Diana Whaley 2012, ‘ Þorvaldr Hjaltason, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 271. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=1413> (accessed 24 May 2022)

stanzas:  1   2 

Skj: Þórvaldr Hjaltason: Lausavísur, o. 985 (AI, 117, BI, 111)

SkP info: I, 271

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — ÞHjalt Lv 1I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Diana Whaley (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorvaldr Hjaltason, Lausavísur 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 271.

Fari* til Fýrisvallar,
folka tungls, hverrs
s hungrar,
vǫrðr, at virkis garði
vestr kveldriðu hesta.
Þar hefr hregg
hreggdrauga hǫggvit
— hóll*aust es þat —
þat — sólar
elfar skíðs fyr ulfa
Eirekr í dyn geira.

 

{Guardian {of the sun of battles}}, [SWORD > WARRIOR] let every one {of the horses {of the evening-rider}} [TROLL-WOMAN > WOLVES] who is hungry go west to Fýrisvǫllr, to the enclosure of the stronghold. There Eiríkr has cut down {the logs {of the storm {of the sun {of the ski of the river}}}} [(lit. ‘storm-logs of the sun of the ski of the river’) SHIP > SHIELD > BATTLE > WARRIORS] before wolves in {the tumult of spears}; [BATTLE] that is without exaggeration.

context: After the battle of Fýrisvellir and the retreat of his coerced ally Haraldr Gormsson to Denmark, Styrbjǫrn Óláfsson is slain, and his army defeated, in renewed fighting against his uncle King Eiríkr. Afterwards, in Uppsala, Eiríkr promises a reward to anyone who composes about this, and so Þorvaldr Hjaltason orti vísur þessar ‘composed these verses’ (Flat).

notes: The general sense of the stanza is clear but it cannot be interpreted as it stands, and some emendation is reasonable given that the only ms. witness is Flat, whose skaldic texts are often flawed.

texts: Styrb 4, Flat 479

editions: Skj Þórvaldr Hjaltason: Lausavísur 1 (AI, 117; BI, 111); Skald I, 63; NN §§1853G, 2009, 3102; Fms 5, 250-1, Fms 12, 115, Flat 1860-8, II, 73 (Styrb).

sources

GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 87va, 9 - 87va, 9 (Flat)  transcr.  image  image  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 491r, 3 - 491r, 10  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated