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Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

1. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 21

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hrynhenda — Sturl HrynII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir 2009, ‘ Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 676-98. <> (accessed 19 September 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda, 1262 (AII, 102-8, BII, 113-18); stanzas (if different): 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 22

SkP info: II, 693-4

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

16 — Sturl Hryn 16II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 F Ø̨rín var sem elldíng færí íɴan bórðz a læ | gi norðan olldum varp er húfum helldut hilmís kuɴdr til iór | mvn grvndar · vínda þvrþv visa ferþar veglíg flꜹst vnd bunv | segli geiga letuþ gylltar syíor grvndar vorðr at eyrar sundi· |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 E Ærin var sem ellding veri inn um borð alegi norðan aullum varp er hu | fum helldut hilmis kundr iaurmung rundar uiða þorðu uisa ferdar ueglig flaust vn | d bunu segli geiga leituð gylltar sygiur grundar uaurðr at eyra sundi.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 G Ærín var sem elldíng ferí · ínn um bord | al ægi nordan aullum uarp er hofum híelldut · hilmiss kunnr juarmum nordan · vída | þvrðv visa ferdir · veglíg flaust und bunu seglí · geíga letut gylltar syívr | grunðar vórdr at heyra·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Errinn | var sem elldíng færí . inn vm bord alægi nordan olldum varp er | hufum helldut hilmis kundr til jarmunn grundar . vinda þor | du visa ferdar . ueglígt flavst und bunu segli . geisa letu | gylldar syur . grundar uordr at eyrar sunde .   [VEÞ]  edit 
 304x Ærin var sem Ellding færi  Jnn vm bord a̋ legi nordann | ǫlldum varp  er hűfum hielldud  hilmis kundur til Jǫrmun grun | dar  vinda þordu  vijsa ferdar  veglig flaust  und | bűnu segli  geiga lietud gilltar sýur  grundar vǫrdur | ad Eýrar sundi    edit 
 8 Ærín uar sem elldíng færí · ínn um bord a legí nordan · olldvm uarp | er hufum hielldut · hilmis kundr til iormun grvndar · vinda þordv visa | ferdar ueglig flaust und bunu seglí · geiga líetut gylltar syior · grundar uordur at eyrar sundi· |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat rín var sem elldíng færí inn vm bord ꜳ legi nordan aulldum varp er hufum hell | dut hilmís kundr til danskrar grundar . vida snuddu visa ferdar veglig flaust vnd | bunu seglí geíga letud gylldar sygiur grundar vo᷎rdr at eyrasundí.   [VEÞ]  edit 

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Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated