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Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

1. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 21

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hrynhenda — Sturl HrynII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir 2009, ‘ Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 676-98. <> (accessed 6 December 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda, 1262 (AII, 102-8, BII, 113-18); stanzas (if different): 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 22

SkP info: II, 688-9

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

12 — Sturl Hryn 12II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 F Hrinda let vt herskips brondom hilmir | frægr a salltan ægi elldi hrꜹð fyrir æsi kꜹlldomar meið or dreg | num hluɴí · Almenningr varþ v́t at síɴa ognar lundr a þíɴi grvndo | milldir hofðo vt boð hꜹlldar harða svelld af noregs velldi· |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 E hrinda reð ur herskips braundum hilmir frægr a salltan | ǽgi elldi rauð fyrir æsi kaulldum unnar meið ur dregnum hlunnni almenningr varð ut⸌at⸍ sinna | ognar lundr a þinni grundu milldir haufðu herboð haulldar harda suelld or noʀegs uelldi. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Hrinda redu her | skips brondum . hílmir frægur asalltan ægí . elldí raud a | ægí kolldum · unnar meidur or dregnum hlunum . almenníngur uard | ut at ganga . ognar lundr a þinne grundu . milldir hofdu her | bod holdar . harda suelldr noregs . uelldi |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 304x Hrynda Riedud herskips brǫndumm  hilmir frægur ä sallt[...] | ægi  Elldi Raud firir æsi kælldumm  unnar-meid űr dregn[...] | hlunni  Almennı̋ngur vard űt ad sinna  őgnar-lundur a̋ þı̈nni | grundu  milldir hǫfdu herbod hǫldar  harda svelld | űr noregs velldi  |   edit 
 8 Hrinda redvt herskíps bravndvm · hilmir frægr ꜳ salltan ægi · elldi raud fyrir æsi kolldvm | unnar meid ur dregnum hlunni · almenninngr vard ut at sinna · ognar lundur ꜳ þinne grvndu | milldir hofdu herbod · hauldar · harda suelld vr noregs uelldí |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Hrínda reedtu herskips | brondum hilmir frægr ꜳ salltann ægí elldí raud fyrir æsi kaulldum vnnar meíd or dreg | num hlunní almenníngr vard vt at sínna ognar lundr a þinni grundu milldir hofdu herbod | haulldar hardla suelldr or noregs velldí.   [VEÞ]  edit 

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Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated