This interface will soon cease to be publicly available. Use the new interface instead. Click here to switch over now.

Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

login: password: stay logged in: help

Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

2. Hákonarkviða (Hákkv) - 42

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hákonarkviða — Sturl HákkvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 699-727.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38 

for reference only:  5x   9x   10x   25x 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 4. Hákonarkviða, 1263-64 (AII, 108-19, BII, 118-26); stanzas (if different): 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10-11 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28-9 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42

SkP info: II, 703-4

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

6 — Sturl Hákkv 6II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 703-4.

Lögðu til
lítlu síðar
öðlings menn
Ósló bæjar,
ok þar stökk
fyr stálhvötuð
á glapstíg
Grýtlinga lið.

Lítlu síðar lögðu menn öðlings til Ósló bæjar, ok þar stökk {lið Grýtlinga} á glapstíg fyr {stálhvötuð}.

A little later the lord’s men set out for the town of Oslo, and there {the force of the Grýtlingar} [= the Ribbungar] fled on a pernicious path before {the sword-inciter} [WARRIOR = Hákon].

Mss: E(149v), F(91vb), 42ˣ(103v-104r), 81a(77rb), 8(41v), Flat(168rb) (Hák)

Readings: [1] Lögðu: so 42ˣ, 8, Flat, Lögðut E, F, 81a;    til: so F, 8, om. E, 81a, út 42ˣ, Flat    [3] öðlings: lofðungs corrected to ‘odl[…]gs’ 8    [4] bæjar: bæjar til Flat    [5] stökk: stukku 42ˣ    [6] stálhvötuð: ‘hautud hilldar’ Flat;    stál‑: om. 81a, 8;    ‑hvötuð: ‘‑hotuð’ 42ˣ    [8] lið: sveit 8, Flat

Editions: Skj: Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarkviða 7: AII, 110, BII, 120, Skald II, 64; E 1916, 507, F 1871, 424, Hák 1910-86, 358, Hák 1977-82, 42, Flat 1860-8, III, 43.

Context: In the summer of 1221, Hákon and Skúli Bárðarson lay with their ships near Hovedøya in Oslofjorden when they heard that the Ribbungar were attacking Oslo. They sailed with their fleet to Oslo and put the Ribbungar to flight.

Notes: [All]: For this event, see also Sturl Hákfl 2. — [1, 4] til Ósló bæjar ‘to the town of Oslo’: The capital city of present-day Norway. See Note to Gísl Magnkv 2/1. — [8] lið Grýtlinga ‘the force of the Grýtlingar [= the Ribbungar]’: Grýtlingar (lit. ‘Gravelings’) is a hap. leg. derived from grjót ‘stone, gravel, rock’. It is used here to designate the Ribbungar, most likely in the sense of ‘people who stay among cliffs and rocks or live in caves’ (i.e. ‘outlaws’). See also Note to Sturl Hákfl 5/8. The Ribbungar (lit. ‘robbers, rabble’), a political faction that arose in Norway around 1220, were the adherents of the royal pretender Sigurðr ribbungr. Sigurðr was the son of Erlingr steinveggr ‘Stonewall’ (d. 1207), who claimed to be the son of King Magnús Erlingsson. For Erlingr and his life, see Bǫgl 1988, II. See also Note to st. 1/8 above.

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated